In 2013, Section 113961 of the California Retail Food Code (CalCode) was amended, prohibiting
bare hand contact with ready-to-eat foods. The law was passed because recent studies indicate hand
washing alone is not enough to prevent foodborne illnesses, and that food service employees are the
source of contamination in more than two-thirds of the foodborne outbreaks reported in the United States
with a bacterial or viral cause. Proper handwashing and the proper use of gloves have been shown to be
the most effective way to prevent the transfer of viruses from food workers’ hands to food consumed by thepublic. Most states already have similar laws in place.