SteroidsTreatments & Uses

Steroids can be legally prescribed to treat those with low testosterone levels and to treat body wasting in patients with AIDS and other diseases. These drugs are also used illegally by athletes, body builders and others who claim that the drugs give them a competitive advantage or improve their physical appearance.

Illicit Steroids

Anabolic steroids are any drug or hormonal substance chemically and pharmacologically related to testosterone that promotes muscle growth. Most illicit steroids are sold at gyms, competitions and through mail order operations.


The major side effects from abusing anabolic steroids can include:

  • Decrease in HDL (good cholesterol)
  • Fluid Retention
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Increase in LDL (bad cholesterol)
  • Jaundice
  • Liver Tumors and Cancer

Other side effects include kidney tumors, severe acne, and trembling.

In addition, there are some gender-specific side effects:


Men experience:

  • Baldness
  • Development of Breast
  • Increased Risk for Prostate Cancer
  • Infertility
  • Reduced Sperm Count
  • Shrinking of the Testicles


Women experience:

  • Changes in or Cessation of the Menstrual Cycle
  • Deepened Voice
  • Enlargement of the Clitoris
  • Growth of Facial Hair
  • Male-Pattern Baldness


Growth halted prematurely through premature skeletal maturation and accelerated puberty changes. This means that adolescents risk remaining short for the remainder of their lives if they take anabolic steroids before the typical adolescent growth spurt.