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Source control measures prevent stormwater from becoming contaminated with pollutants, whereas treatment control measures attempt to remove pollutants from stormwater that has already become contaminated. Source control measures are ALWAYS the most effective means to protect water quality. Examples of source control measures include pre-sweeping paved surfaces before power washing, avoiding the use of copper in pools and fountains and using straw mulch to prevent erosion. Treatment control measures include wastewater filtration systems and silt fences.
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No. They are two separate drainage systems. Wastewater from homes, industry, etc., travels through the sewer system where it is treated at sewage treatment plants before reuse or discharge into the Napa River. Runoff from streets, parking lots, yards., etc., enters the storm drain system, receives no treatment and flows directly to creeks and other waterways.
Trash, sediment (from erosion and construction sites, for example), landscape runoff containing fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides, pet waste, construction debris, leaves and grass clippings, motor oil, antifreeze and paint products that people spill onto the ground or pour into a storm drain are but a few of the pollutants routinely found in the storm drain system.
An illicit discharge is any discharge to a stormwater conveyance system (e.g., street, storm drain, ditch, etc.) that is not free of pollutants to the maximum extent practicable. Maximum extent practicable is a standard that relies on source control as the primary defense to prevent pollution. Additional treatment control measures may be required to prevent illicit discharges. Please refer to your local stormwater ordinance for more information on the legal requirements concerning stormwater.
Each entity has passed ordinances that make it illegal to dump or discharge trash, debris, chemicals, contaminated water or any other liquid or solid material into the storm drain system. Violators are now subject to stiff fines and criminal prosecution. Illegal dumping and illicit discharges may be reported to the local Stormwater Hotline for investigation and enforcement.
No, but professional car washes are better alternative for the environment. Not only do professional car washes recycle their water (important even when we aren't in a drought) but the soap, metals and dirt washed off the vehicle aren't washed into the storm drain as they would be if you wash in your driveway or on the street. If you must wash your car at home, park it on the grass where the soapy water can absorb into the ground. A little soap won't hurt your grass but if it enters a storm drain, it will flow untreated into the nearest creek or river where it degrades water quality and harms aquatic organisms.
Grass, leaves, and yard clippings that are repeatedly swept into catch basins can clog the drain, causing flooding and the potential for becoming a breeding ground for rodents and insects. Additionally, grass and leaves will decompose in a creek or wetland and deprives fish of their oxygen. In many cases, the fish and other aquatic organisms may die from a lack of oxygen.