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See the Fee Schedule (PDF).
Generally, if you purchase pesticides labeled for "home use" you would not need a certificate, permit or license. However, if you are growing an agricultural crop or commodity (including pasture and rangeland) then you will be required to obtain an Operator Identification Number or Restricted Materials Permit from our office before you purchase and use pesticides. If you are purchasing and applying a California restricted material, you will also need to obtain a Private Applicators Certificate (PAC). A PAC is obtained by taking and passing an examination at our office.
Any pesticide or chemical with an EPA registration number that is applied to an agricultural crop or commodity (including pasture and range land) must be reported. Use reports can be obtained at any County Agricultural Department or on our website. Completed use reports are due in our office on the 10th of the month following application. They can be faxed, mailed, submitted in person or electronically.
All employees who handle pesticides must be trained on an annual basis, prior to the handling of any pesticide by a California certified commercial applicator or a California certified private applicator. The training must be documented annually and cover specific topics which are listed in Title 3 California Code of Regulations, Section 6724. The program used to train the employee must be put in writing. This written training program must describe the materials and information that was used to train the employee. Fieldworkers must be trained every five years, at a bare minimum. Although there are currently no requirements for a written training program for fieldworkers, a training record form is available online and at our office.
If you would like to review or copy any pesticide use data, please read our Access to Public Information Policy. You must also fill out and submit a Request to Inspect Public Records. If you have any questions about this process, or need to submit your request, please call our office at 707-253-4357.
The traps are placed in specific trees and plants and target specific insect pests such as fruit flies and the Glassy-winged Sharpshooter. They are the best means of early detection of these pests. Through early detection, our office and the California Department of Food and Agriculture have a better chance of containing and eliminating the pest before an infestation becomes too large to eradicate.
If we have placed a trap on your property and you do not wish to participate in this program, please contact our office at 707-253-4357 and ask to speak to the trapping program coordinator. Explain that you wish to have the trap removed, and the trap will be removed as soon as possible.
The Glassy-Winged Sharpshooter (GWSS) damages a variety of plants and spreads lethal diseases to crops such as almonds and grapes. It can stress the plants it feeds on, sucking xylem fluids from plants and trees such as crape myrtle, magnolia, oak, hydrangeas, citrus, apples, eucalyptus, flowers and many others. GWSS spreads Pierce's Disease, a bacterial disease that kills grapevines and for which there is no known remedy or cure.
For more information, visit the UC IPM Glassy-winged Sharpshooter webpage.
The County of Napa has developed a reputation over time as one of the premier wine growing regions of the world. This has attracted foreign and domestic corporate entities to the region as well as individual winemakers, grape growers and others who desire the unique combination of climate and soils in which to practice their wine-producing craft. The competition within the local market for plantable acreage has created a situation where land values have risen to extreme levels. There are few, if any, commodities that could replace in large scale, the vineyard plantings and maintain the economic returns and conditions landowners require to maintain debt-service and ultimately, land ownership. The result of the Glassy-winged Sharpshooter / Pierce's Disease scenario would be the wholesale loss of agricultural lands to the "ultimate harvest" - residential and commercial development.
With existing Pierce's Disease infections causing an estimated $25 to $42 million annual loss to vineyard owners today, with the relatively inefficient Blue-Green Sharpshooter as the main vector, it is clear, and has been articulated by many experts that the Glassy-winged Sharpshooter should be prevented from introduction to Napa County at any cost, since the results to the Napa wine industry and to the entire economy of Napa County would be disastrous. In addition, the integration and interdependence of the wine industry and hospitality industry, the other major economic contributor to the local economy, creates a situation where the hospitality industry would suffer greatly if something catastrophic were to happen to the local wine industry.
We are doing everything we can to prevent an infestation from occurring. In a cooperative program with participating retailers, nurseries and landscapers, we inspect all incoming plant material to stop the insect from being transported into Napa County on plant shipments. We also run a county-wide urban and rural GWSS trapping program. The traps, made of sticky yellow cardboard, are located in front yards and vineyards throughout Napa County.
You can help by buying plants from local nurseries, retailers and landscapers that are complying with the County's inspection program. Look for their Certificate of Compliance from the County Agricultural Commissioner that indicates that they offer plants that have been inspected for the Glassy-Winged Sharpshooter.
You can find more information about the control of Argentine Ants in vineyards in Argentine ant management: Liquid bait program for vineyards (PDF). The document, written by Monica L. Cooper and Kent Danne, includes instructions for assembly of a University of California (UC)-designed ant bait station.
For more information view the UC Cooperative Extension Construction of Ant Bait Station.
Please note that the laboratories provided in these listings are for informational purposes only and do not constitute any sort of endorsement or recommendation by the Napa County Agricultural Commissioner's Office or the University of California Cooperative Extension.
You can bring in a specimen to the UC Cooperative Extension's Master Gardeners for identification. The Agricultural Commissioner's staff can also help identify landscape plants or unwanted weeds. Napa County Master Gardeners are available:
First, check the University of California's Integrated Pest Management website. It is a valuable tool for the identification and management of a wide variety of pests. If you need further assistance, bring a specimen to our office for identification by our staff. If we cannot identify the insect, we can send to the CDFA lab for identification.
We are located in Downtown Napa at 1195 First Street, Room 128.
Canteen deposits to inmate accounts can be made by Telephone, by calling 1-888-277-2535, Online via MyCarePack website or in person at the kiosks in the lobby at the west entrance of the facility.
The Napa County Jail conducts on-site in-person visitation as well as video visitation. To schedule an on-site in-person visit you will need to come to the facility with a valid ID. Video visitation can be scheduled either at the jail or over the internet. For more information or to schedule a video visit, go to Securus Technologies Video Visitation webpage.
Inmates at Napa County Department of Corrections (NCDC) may receive mail via the U.S. postal system. The address to reach an inmate is:(Inmate Full Name)c/o Napa County Department of Corrections1125 Third StreetNapa, CA 94559
All magazines, books, newspapers, and any other literature must be sent from the publisher. No hardcover books are allowed in the facility, please do not purchase. Paperback books must be mailed directly from: Barnes and Nobel. Book size is limited to 8 1/2 inches by 11 inches.
For more information view the Inmate Mail Correspondence page.
View the custody report.
All job openings will be listed in the Career Opportunities Human Resources section of our website.
The Napa County hiring process is the following:
A background questionnaire will be given to you along with a list of required documents. You will then come in for an interview with a background investigator. After the interview is the polygraph, if the job you are applying for requires it. If you successfully pass this part of the process, the background investigator will contact references, previous employers, creditors, etc. Once the background investigation is complete (approximately 8 weeks) the packet is presented to the hiring authority for approval.
The County Executive Officer (CEO) is responsible for the development and administration of the budget, which is reviewed and approved by the Board of Supervisors.
The Board of Supervisor’s meet every other Tuesday and occasionally have special meetings scheduled in between. View a complete listing of upcoming Board of Supervisor meetings.
While the budget process takes 6 months, from January through June, the budget is adopted by the Board of Supervisors sometime in mid June. This "adopted budget" becomes the working budget for the next fiscal year. For additional information please visit our Budget Homepage.
The County Executive Office is open Monday through Friday from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. excluding holidays. View a list of County observed holidays (PDF).
Contact the Napa County Fire Marshal’s office to have your roadway/driveway evaluated. Every roadway/driveway is required to be evaluated to ensure it was not a contributing factor in delaying first responders from accessing the residence. It will also be inspected to make sure it is safe for your evacuation during a disaster. To have your driveway evaluated call 707-299-1464.
The California Fire Code requires all new residential structures to have fire sprinklers installed. Other structures are evaluated on size and use of the building. For specific questions on non-residential structures call the Napa County Fire Marshal’s office at 707-299-1464.
Please refer to the Napa County Fire Marshal’s Rebuild Guidelines.
Without a valid custody decree or visitation order, both parents have equal rights and access to their child. This lack of structure can mean confusion and undue stress for the child and the parents. Even when verbal agreements are made between the parents for custody and visitation, outside influences can change these agreements and a parent may find that enforcement of these basic parental rights, without an order, can become very difficult. No matter how well things are going with verbal agreements, it is always a good idea to obtain a court order that outlines specific parameters for custody and visitation.
A parent may file for a custody decree in pro per (by self-representation) or with the help of a family law attorney. This paperwork can be complicated and obtaining legal advice is highly recommended. If a parent cannot afford a lawyer, they may gain assistance for no charge from various local agencies such as Napa County Legal Assistance Agency, or Napa Emergency Women's Shelter (NEWS). Please see the Assistance Numbers page.
Contact the Child Abduction Unit as soon as possible. The focus of the Child Abduction Unit is always what is in the best interest of the child. If you have a good faith and reasonable belief that child would suffer immediate emotional or physical harm if left with the other person, you must file a report with the Child Abduction Unit within a reasonable amount of time. This will protect you from criminal prosecution of child abduction while you secure a new court order. You are required to maintain contact with the Child Abduction Unit until a new or modified court order is obtained. Failure to call ( 707-253-4211) or maintain contact with the Child Abduction Unit may be viewed as an attempt to conceal the child illegally and could result in criminal charges being filed against you.
Absolutely not. Although a responsible parent will pay their support regularly, a parent's right to custody and /or visitation does not change, even if child support payments lapse or fall in arrears. A custodial parent cannot withhold visitation solely based on the non-payment of child support. Also, a non-custodial parent cannot refuse to pay child support based on a denial of visitation/ custody by the custodial parent. For more information on child support issues, go to the Family Support Division page.
If you have reason to believe that your children may be abducted by their non-custodial parent, be sure to keep the following documents and information readily available:
This would be Kidnapping rather than Child Abduction. The law enforcement agency of jurisdiction will pursue the criminal investigation and apprehension of the suspect. The CAU will assist that agency in all ways possible, however, it's primary focus is to locate, seize, and return the taken child(ren) to the Custodian. The CAU will take all legal steps necessary to obtain temporary custody of the stolen child(ren), and deliver them as ordered by the Superior Court.
For more information contact the Napa County District Attorney's Office Child Abduction Unit at 707-253-4356. Assistance is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
The CEPU prosecutes unlawful business practices as well as environmental crimes. Our cases cover a wide range of unlawful conduct, including false advertising, overcharging, workplace safety violations, the marketing and sale of unapproved over-the-counter drugs, the generation, disposal, and transport of hazardous waste, and water pollution.
For more information, contact the Consumer/Environmental Protection Unit (CEPU) by email at [email protected], or by phone at (707) 253-4059.
The CEPU is staffed by two full-time attorneys, one part-time attorney, an investigator, a paralegal, and a legal secretary. The CEPU staff have training and experience handling consumer and environmental protection cases, and the majority of their workload comes from such cases.
For more information, contact the Consumer/Environmental Protection Unit (CEPU) by email at [email protected] or by phone at (707) 253-4059.
Most people associate the District Attorney’s office with the prosecution of criminal activity such as murder, sexual assault, theft, and driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol. But under California law, the DA’s office is also responsible for investigating and prosecuting fraudulent, deceptive, and/or unlawful business activity that victimizes Napa County residents, as well as misconduct that threatens Napa County’s environment and natural resources. We also work with the Attorney General and District Attorneys in other counties to prosecute unlawful business activity and environmental misconduct statewide. Our goal is not only to protect consumers and the environment, but to ensure a level playing field for companies that comply with the law.
Unlike most cases prosecuted by the DA’s office, the CEPU generally prosecutes cases in civil court, rather than criminal court. That means we seek to punish unlawful conduct not through jail time, but through monetary penalties and a court ordered injunction prohibiting the defendant from engaging in the unlawful conduct. However, we may still proceed with a criminal case against a defendant if warranted under the circumstances. Whether we file a civil or criminal case, we seek restitution for victims whenever possible.
If you believe you are the victim of an unlawful business practice, we encourage you to submit a consumer complaint to our office. However, we cannot act as your attorney or give you legal advice. In consumer and environmental cases, just as in criminal cases, the DA’s office represents the People of the State of California, not individuals. Our cases commonly involve a pattern of unlawful activity. While consumer complaints are instrumental in establishing such a pattern, we do not file a case for every complaint. In appropriate cases, we may attempt to informally resolve disputes between consumers and businesses.
In an effort to prevent consumer fraud before it occurs, the CEPU alerts Napa County residents to ongoing scams, via our Media Center page. We also provide Consumer Links to information regarding agencies that may be better able to assist with investigating their complaint (such as the Bureau of Automotive Repair, the Department of Insurance, or the Contractors State License Board).
Consumers can reach the CEPU by email at [email protected] or by phone at (707) 253-4059, and can file a complaint. Visit our Consumer Complaint page for more information on filing a complaint.
In most cases, crimes must be reported to the police department or other law enforcement agency that has jurisdiction over the city or county where the crime occurred. For example, if the crime occurred in Napa, it should be reported to the Napa Police Department (the Corrections department line is 707-253-4401).
If the crime was committed in the unincorporated area of the county or where the Sheriff is the contracting law enforcement agency (call 707-253-4509 for the Sheriff's Office), the crime should be reported to the Sheriff; however, there are certain exceptions. Specifically, crimes involving consumer fraud or the unlawful discharge of hazardous materials may be reported to the District Attorney's Consumer Fraud or the Environmental Crimes section (DA's number is 707-253-4211). In addition, crimes involving misconduct by public officials may be reported to the District Attorney's Investigators.
Yes, we do! Follow the link for more information regarding the following internship or volunteer opportunities in the Napa County District Attorney's Office: Law Clerk Program, Victim Services Program, and Administration of Justice Program.
Allison Haley is the District Attorney of Napa County and, as such, her name appears on all court documents just above the name of the prosecutor who prepared the document. In addition, Allison Haley's name appears on almost all office correspondence just above the signature of the employee who wrote the letter.
The person who actually signed the court document or letter is the person to contact. Should you need to speak to Allison Haley personally or another member of the management team, her executive secretary can forward your message and give you an appropriate response thereafter. Call 707-253-4211 for more information.
Write to Allison Haley at the District Attorney's Office:
931 Parkway MallNapa, CA, 94559
Ms. Haley assures you that she, or someone in authority, will contact you in writing or by telephone to schedule an appointment.
The District Attorney Consumer / Environmental Protection Division may be able to help or they may refer you to an agency that can help you. The Consumer / Environmental Protection Division also helps consumers who have been victims of false or misleading advertising or unlawful business practices. Please call 707-253-4211.
The District Attorney's Office cannot provide legal advice or take legal action in your divorce. You should consult with your lawyer. If you do not have a lawyer, you can call the Legal Assistance Agency. The phone number is 707-255-4933.
For issues involving child support, contact Napa County Child Support Division at 866-901-3212 for further information.
The District Attorney's Office is not permitted to obtain restraining orders, but a private attorney may be able to help you. If you do not have a lawyer, you can call the Legal Assistance Agency. The phone number is 707-255-4933. If the situation requiring a restraining order is an emergency and you are in immediate danger, contact 911 and the police officer may be able to assist you in obtaining a temporary restraining order.
To find out whether charges have been filed against you, call the District Attorney's Office main line at 707-253-4211 for assistance. Please be aware that the District Attorney's Office can not answer any other questions regarding your case nor give you legal advice. Should you desire legal advice, you should contact a private attorney or, if you cannot afford one, you should request a public defender at your first court hearing.
Call the Adult Probation Department at 707-253-4431, or Juvenile Probation at 707-253-4361, and ask for the probation officer assigned to the case. If restitution was ordered as a condition of the defendant's probation, the officer can help you. If the defendant was sentenced to prison, the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR) can withhold up to 50% of the defendant's prison earnings. You will need to fill out a Request for Victim Services, which can be obtained from the Office of Victim and Survivor Rights and Services (OVSRS), the Adult Probation Department, or a Victim Services advocate at 707-299-1414.
Questions can be addressed to the CDCR, Office of Victim and Survivor Rights and Services (OVSRS) at:
Sacramento, CA 94283-0001
Or you may call 877-256-6877. If the defendant fails to pay the court-ordered restitution in full prior to termination of probation, the court order is enforceable as a civil judgment and you may pursue collection on your own or with the assistance of an attorney.
The District Attorney's Office hours are 8 a.m. until 5 p.m., Monday through Friday. The main office telephone number is 707-253-4211.
The Grand Jury may be contacted by writing to:
P.O. Box 5397
Napa, CA 94559
The members of the civil Grand Jury are selected by the Judges of the Napa County Superior Court. These jurors serve for one year. The civil Grand Jury reviews the civil functions and fiscal affairs of city and county government and its agencies and departments. Its findings and recommendations are filed with the Superior Court.
With regard to compensation for pain and suffering, you will need to contact a private attorney. If you do not have a lawyer, you can call Legal Assistance Agency. The phone number is 707-255-4933.
Yes, we do! Learn about our offices internship opportunities and how to apply.
No. All attorneys are governed by a code of ethics that prevents them from speaking directly to anyone who has an attorney. As long as you are represented by an attorney, we may speak only to your attorney. Any questions that you have about your case need to be answered by your attorney.
If you are a defendant in a criminal case and you have an attorney, he or she will be provided a copy of the police report(s) after making a general appearance. If you choose to represent yourself (Pro Per), and it is stated on the record, a copy of your police report will be provided to you by our Discovery Unit. We cannot provide police reports to anyone until after the arraignment. If you have a warrant for your arrest, you must clear this up with the courts, and get a court date before a police report can be obtained.
Please call our office at 707-253-4211 for more information.
Contact your local law enforcement agency. They are responsible for the investigation of domestic violence cases. Our Domestic Violence Unit will review the investigation report and file a criminal complaint, if appropriate. Call our office 707-253-4211 if you have questions.
If you want to file a small claims court case you can go to the Small Claims Court for the necessary forms. If you have questions you can call the Small Claims Court Advisor at 707-524-7349. The Sonoma County Legal Services Foundation offers small claims clinics every other month. For schedule information call their offices at 707-546-2924.
Statutory rape is unlawful sexual intercourse with a minor (under 18 years of age), who is not the spouse of the perpetrator.
No. We evaluate each case independently to determine if criminal charges are appropriate.
Statutory rape cases are aggressively prosecuted in the county. If you know of a teen that is involved in a sexual relationship with an older adult, or an adult who is involved with a teen, contact your local law enforcement agency. The District Attorney's number for more information is 707-253-4211.
The decision to drop charges in any criminal prosecution can only be made by a prosecutor with the approval of a judge. Should you so desire, you may express your opinion in a written letter and send it to the attention of the Domestic Violence Division. However, please be aware that the victim's wishes alone do not dictate whether or not a case will be filed or dismissed.
The DA's Office can provide you with the next court date if we have filed charges against the defendant. To obtain this information, call the District Attorney's main line at 707-253-4211 for assistance. Our Victim Services Division may also help obtain this information for you and can be reached by calling 707-299-1414.
The DA's Office cannot pay for your expenses, however, you may be eligible for assistance through the California Victim Compensation Program (Cal VCP) for medical costs, lost income, counseling and other non-reimbursed, crime-related expenses. Contact our Victim Services Division at 707-299-1414 for more information and assistance with filing a Cal VCP application.
If you have a date conflict you should contact the Deputy District Attorney handling the case before the appearance date and discuss your conflict. The subpoena contains the name and telephone number of the Deputy District Attorney responsible for the subpoena.
Call our office at (707) 253-4282 after 5:00 PM on the preceding business day to learn if the court date for a jury trial or preliminary hearing has been canceled. As an alternative, you can visit the Napa County Superior Court Web site after 5:00 PM on the preceding business day to search the Court Calendar information.
Call our office at (707) 253-4211 if you have questions.
Witnesses are not limited to eye witnesses. You may not have seen the crime happen, but you may know something about it, such as where a piece of evidence was found or have other information that is important to the case. If you have questions about why you were ordered to testify in a particular case, you can contact the deputy district attorney listed on the subpoena for more information at (707) 253-4211.
Yes. The defendant has a right to be present in court to hear what all of the witnesses have to say. Both the prosecutor and the defendant's attorney will ask you questions.
If you are feeling anxious about testifying, you can contact the Victim-Witness Assistance Program at (707) 299-1414.
Contact the Victim-Witness Assistance Program at (707) 299-1414. A victim advocate will explain the process and be able to answer most questions you may have.
Whether a witness receives any witness fee is within the discretion of the court. A court can order that you receive witness fees in the amount of $12 for each day of your appearance in court (or $18 per day, if you missed work and your employer did not pay your wages), plus reasonable and necessary expenses after testifying. The Deputy District Attorney or a Victim-Witness Advocate may also be able to discuss the issue of witness fees with you.
At this early stage of SGMA implementation, we don’t know what tools will be used locally to monitor and ensure sustainable groundwater management. SGMA provides an array of regulatory and non-regulatory tools – mostly optional – from which Groundwater Sustainability Agencies (GSAs) can choose to achieve and monitor groundwater sustainability. The Napa County GSA will need to collect sufficient data on groundwater conditions in order to demonstrate progress toward achieving the sustainability goal and measurable objectives, but this doesn’t necessarily mean that all wells must be metered. In fact, SGMA does not authorize GSAs to require metering of wells used to supply two acre-feet per year or less for domestic purposes. SGMA requires that public stakeholders be engaged in the development and implementation of the Groundwater Sustainability Plan, which will allow additional opportunity for interested stakeholders to provide input on this issue.
Much of the groundwater delivered by local agencies is already metered, and other data sources (such as land use data) provide solid information to estimate groundwater use.
Wells pumping less than 2 acre-feet per year (1,785 gallons per day) for domestic purposes are considered to be “de minimis” and could be exempt from most SGMA requirements. This includes exemption from metering, reporting requirements, and fees. Most private, non-agricultural wells will fall into this “de minimis” category.
Visit our Voter Information website to find your Polling Place and other importation information. For more information, please call Elections at 707-253-4321.
Fill out a voter registration card which can be found in the Elections Division, post office, library or online at the California Secretary of State's website. For more information, please call Elections at 707-253-4321.
Community water systems, such as those serving municipalities, are required by state law to monitor the quality of the water they supply to the public. Small water systems, such as schools, mobile home parks, and food facilities that use groundwater wells to supply their drinking water are also required by the state to monitor water quality. Other state programs require groundwater quality monitoring for locations near regulated facilities (an example of a type of regulated facility includes leaking underground fuel tanks). A statewide database through the State Water Resources Control Board Groundwater Ambient Monitoring and Assessment Program (GAMA) integrates and displays groundwater quality information.
In general, there are linkages between surface water and groundwater. Understanding the spatial and temporal interconnection between surface water and groundwater is a requirement of the GSP and appropriate management actions will be included in the Plan.
A “water budget” is the accounting of the total groundwater and surface water entering and leaving a basin, including the changes in the amount of groundwater stored in the basin. Basic components of water budgets are:
Irrigation system efficiency is a ratio of the amount of irrigation water consumed by plants to the total amount of irrigation water supply. The irrigation efficiency depends on a variety of factors, including topography, soil characteristics, water conveyance system, crop type, and irrigation practices.
The Napa River is designated under the Clean Water Act as impaired by nutrients, pathogens, and sediment. As of October 2020, the State Water Resources Control Board and San Francisco Bay Regional Water Quality Control Board have approved delisting non-tidal areas of the Napa River for nutrient impairment.
The Groundwater Sustainability Plan Advisory Committee (GSPAC) received a presentation from Paul Wells of the Department of Water Resources (DWR) on November 12, 2020 regarding SGMA requirements for addressing the effects of climate change in GSPs. Technical staff working on the GSP have separately coordinated with Tyler Hatch (a DWR Supervising Engineer and groundwater modeler) and Paul Wells in developing the approach to incorporating climate change into the Napa Valley Integrated Hydrologic Model and GSP for the Napa Valley Subbasin.
Given uncertainty in future climate projections, climate change will be evaluated using multiple future climate scenarios. The analysis will rely on downscaled results from peer-reviewed global atmospheric circulation models to generate multiple sets of climactic (e.g. precipitation and potential evapotranspiration) and hydrologic (e.g. stream inflow) inputs for Napa Valley. The projections will span a 50-year period, consistent with the requirements of the GSP Regulations. The future scenarios that will be used in the model have been selected because they provide meaningful bounds on best-available climate projections for the North Bay. The future scenarios were chosen based on collaboration with the Pepperwood Preserve and U.S. Geological Survey as described in the presentation by Lisa Micheli at the November 12, 2020 GSPAC meeting.
The results of the climate change analysis will be included as part of the projected water budget presented in the second draft of GSP Section 8 planned for release in Summer 2021.
SGMA gives GSAs numerous new tools and authorities to manage the groundwater and implement the objectives of the GSP. These include the authority to conduct investigations, determine the sustainable yield of a groundwater basin, measure and limit extraction, impose fees for groundwater management, and enforce the terms of a GSP. These authorities can be implemented by one or multiple GSAs. Chapter 5 of SGMA describes the powers and authorities in greater detail.
The primary purpose of a GSA under SGMA is to develop and implement a Groundwater Sustainability Plan (GSP) to achieve long-term groundwater sustainability. GSAs are empowered to utilize a number of new management tools to achieve the sustainability goal, such as: register and meter groundwater wells, mandate annual extraction and water level reports from individual wells, impose limits on extractions, mitigate against overdraft, implement rules and regulations, and assess fees to support creation and implementation of a GSP.
In medium and high priority basins, including the Napa Valley Subbasin, GSAs must develop and adopt a Groundwater Sustainability Plan (GSP) with coordination agreements, or other agreements, as needed, for sustainable management of the basin by January 31, 2022. GSAs in critically overdrafted basins were required to complete their GSPs by January 31, 2020. The GSAs have 20 years following the relevant deadline for GSP adoption to achieve the sustainability goal for their basin, including avoidance of undesirable results.
A Groundwater Sustainability Plan (GSP) is the state-mandated plan to sustainably manage groundwater. Each GSP will contain an assessment of each basin, measurable objectives that are specific, and quantifiable goals for the maintenance or improvement of specified groundwater conditions that lead to achieving the sustainability goal for the basin. A GSP must also include any necessary monitoring, management, enforcement, and other requirements to achieve and maintain sustainability.
Required elements of a GSP are:
A description of the physical setting and characteristics of the aquifer system underlying the basin, including:
Measurable objectives to achieve the sustainability goal in the basin within 20 years of the implementation of the plan, including interim milestones.
A planning and implementation horizon
Information about the following, as applicable:
More detailed requirements are identified in Section 10727 of the California Water Code.
Section 8 of the GSP will address future development and population change in the context of the water budget analysis, using best-available data. Projections of future development in the Subbasin will be incorporated to provide consistency with local land use agency assumptions and projections. Projected water budget results are planned to be available in Summer 2021. For more information, see the Section 8 outline provided as part of the GSP Annotated Outline included in the GSPAC July 9, 2020 meeting packet, at pages 16-17 and more recent updates of the GSP Annotated Outline provided through the online surveys for comments on the Draft GSP Sections.
SGMA and DWR GSP Regulations require that GSPs include a water budget that quantifies inflows to, outflows from, and changes in storage for the relevant groundwater basin or subbasin. For this reason, the water budget presented in the GSP will address the Napa Valley Subbasin. However, the County and technical team recognize the potential for land uses adjacent to the Subbasin to affect the Subbasin water budget and have expanded the Napa Valley Integrated Hydrologic Model (MODFLOW-OWHM) domain to include areas adjacent to the Napa Valley Subbasin including the Milliken-Sarco-Tulucay and Carneros Subareas as well as other areas of developed land use that are contiguous with the Subbasin. These additional areas include areas served by the City of Napa potable water system west of the Subbasin, the Yountville Veterans Home, and agricultural lands contiguous with the Subbasin boundary.
The Napa Valley Subbasin is a high priority subbasin and the Groundwater Sustainability Plan (GSP) must be submitted to the California Department of Water Resources (DWR) by January 31, 2022.
The Napa Valley Subbasin GSP and the Napa Valley Drought Contingency Plan (DCP) are separate but complementary planning efforts. Although they are independent efforts, opportunities for integration between the plans are expected to be available.
The Napa Valley DCP is a voluntary planning effort focused on water supply reliability for local water supply agencies. The DCP is being developed as part of the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation’s drought response program which aims to help local water supply agencies better understand and prepare for droughts and mitigate drought impacts. Completion of the DCP provides the opportunity for agencies to competitively compete for future implementation funding for drought resiliency projects described in the DCP. The Napa Valley DCP is currently under development in cooperation with Napa County, Napa Sanitation District, the Cities of Calistoga, St. Helena, Napa, and American Canyon, and the Town of Yountville.
Both planning efforts will propose projects and management actions to achieve their respective goals. While the two efforts are on slightly different timelines, the Draft Napa Valley DCP is expected to be available in Spring 2021, while the Draft GSP will be available in September 2021, there is opportunity for collaborating on potential joint projects that address both groundwater and drought resiliency.
Adult Protective Services only evaluates adults who are 65 or older or a person 18 to 64 years who is considered to be dependent due to a physical or mental disability, which prevents or limits that individual from carrying out normal activities or protecting his or her rights. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4398.
Adult Protective Services (APS) can only remove a person from an unsafe home on a voluntary basis. If the person is mentally competent and understands the risk of remaining in the unsafe home, APS has no jurisdiction. If the client is thought to be mentally incompetent APS must take legal steps through the court to determine whether a conservatorship or surrogate decision-maker is necessary. If the client appears to be "gravely disabled" as defined in the Welfare and Institutions Code, Section 5000, et sequentes, a mental health worker can be called to evaluate and determine if the client can be removed from the home and detained for psychiatric observation. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4398.
Adult Protective Services does not have the resources to locate independent housing for elderly or dependent adults who are being evicted or are already homeless. APS can assess the client for out of home care in a board and care home, assisted living, etc. and try to facilitate placement. APS also makes referrals to agencies which assist clients with emergency housing, referrals to shelters, to the Napa Housing Authority, and other organizations serving the homeless, including the homeless coordinator. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4398.
Adult Protective Services (APS) will help evaluate older and dependent adults who are abused by their domestic partners. The normal, most effective route would be for the abused to call law enforcement, report such incidents to their physician, the hospital, or to the Napa Emergency Women’s Shelter. They would then be in the protective system regarding housing, legal regress, etc. APS usually receives calls from one of the organizations mentioned above to help the client with other protective issues following the initial intervention.
Included in the broad domestic abuse definition would be clients abused by other family members who are in a care-giving role. This could include a spouse, daughter, or son living in the home who commits abuse against the victim while acting in the role as their caregiver. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4398.
Adult Protective Services (APS) will not sign admission forms for a confused client who is in need of a nursing home. If the client is too confused to give informed consent, the client’s physician could authorize the transfer as long as:
For further information, contact us at 707-253-4398.
Adult Protective Services does not accept a case because a client has difficulty managing their finances. If a client has other protective needs, and managing their income will prevent eviction or financial exploitation, APS can refer clients to resources which may be able to handle bill paying, debt counseling, etc. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4398.
It is not necessary to have proof of one’s suspicions to make a report of a suspected abuse as long as the report is made in "good faith." There are penalties, however, for making a false or malicious report of abuse. A caller may request to be confidential and that is respected. In fact, the caller does not have to identify himself/herself at all, unless they are a mandated reporter by law. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4398.
Adult Protective Services does not automatically refer such cases for a conservatorship. There are many factors to determine if a Conservatorship should be pursued. Other methods are tried first which may alleviate the problem such as finding a responsible party to assist the client or be legally appointed as Power of Attorney, etc. A consultation with the Napa County Public Guardian is made after the social worker does a Conservatorship investigation. This might include talking with the client’s physician, family, and other involved persons to determine if a conservatorship is the only viable plan. Referrals to the Public Guardian do not guarantee acceptance of the case. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4398.
An LPS Conservatorship (Lanterman-Petris-Short) is designated for client’s who require a conservatorship due to mental illness or chronic alcoholism, who are gravely disabled and may need to be secured in a locked setting. It can only be initiated by a licensed psychiatrist, while the client is in an inpatient hospital. If granted, it must be renewed annually or it expires.
A Probate Conservatorship is pursued for individuals who may not be able to continue managing their affairs due to physical illness, frailness due to age or other disability. It can be initiated by anyone, but usually is petitioned with the court through a private attorney or through the Public Guardian’s Office with the assistance of County Counsel. Unlike an LPS Conservatorship, the Probate Conservatorship does not expire. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4398.
Adult Protective Servicescan provide referrals to caregivers to go into the home of a frail client. In Home Supportive Services (a state run program administered by the county for low income individuals) is one of the resources. Referrals to care giving agencies and nursing registries can be provided to the client. Contact In Home Supportive Services at 707-253-3818.
A social worker has up to 10 calendar days to respond to a non-emergency report of Adult Protective Services. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4398.
An emergency response report is one in which an abuse or neglect incident or condition is believed to likely result in permanent injury or death. An Adult Protective Services social worker will respond immediately to check on the client’s welfare (Emergency response services are available 24 hours a day, seven days per week). For further information, contact us at 707-253-4398.
The CalFresh Program, California’s version of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP and formerly known as Food Stamps), assists low-income individuals and households to purchase nutritional food. You do not have to be on welfare to get CalFresh benefits. Eligibility for CalFresh assistance, as well as the benefit amount, is based on your household’s size and income level. For further information, contact us at 707-253-3818.
Yes you can. For further information, contact us at 707-253-3818.
You can call us at 707-253-3818 or come into the Comprehensive Services for Older Adults office and request a new card. If you need a replacement card immediately, you need to go to the Self-Sufficiency Office at: 2751 Napa Valley Corporate DriveBuilding ANapa, CA 94559
They can print one on the spot. Cards can only be issued to the primary household member whose name is listed on the card. For additional cards (for other household members), please see an Eligibility Worker.
A "caregiver" or "home care aide" means any person that provides personal and/or home care services and/or in-home services for profit, compensation or any form of consideration for an elder and/or dependent adult.
If you work in Napa County and provide in home care for compensation (any form of payment including free room and board), you must register unless:
You can register on line by clicking here to log onto the State’s Home Care Aide Registry website.
Elder and dependent adults need to know who is going to be in their homes providing care. Caregivers often have access to personal and financial information and it’s important to be able to provide proof of a clear criminal history.
No, employees of licensed Home Care Organizations should already be registered with the State and therefore are not required to complete a separate registration. Independent contractors affiliated with caregiver placement agencies are required to register.
Family members need to register if they are receiving some sort of compensation in exchange for providing in home care (including free room and board).
You do not need to register in person but you do need to submit, via USPS mail or e-mail, documentation that you are free of active tuberculosis.
To complete the initial registration, the cost is between $94.00 and $110.00. This includes: $35.00 for the State’s application fee and between $59.00-$75.00 for the Livescan fee. The Livescan fee includes the California Department of Justice (DOJ) fee, which is currently $32.00, the Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI) fee, which is currently $17.00 and the fee the Livescan operator charges, which varies, to process the fingerprints. The Livescan fee is required only one time and the $35.00 application fee is required every two years at the time of renewal.
After you have submitted the electronic application through the State’s Home Care Aide Registry, you have 30 days to get your fingerprints Livescanned. From the date your fingerprints are Livescanned, the process takes approximately 2 weeks.
Check with your regular healthcare provider to determine if you have a test on file. If not, you can make an appointment through your regular health care provider or you can contact the Napa County Public Health Clinic, 2751 Napa Valley Corporate Dr., Bldg.B in Napa and make an appointment for a Tuberculin Skin Test (TST). You must call ahead for an appointment (707) 253-4270, and return for clearance 48-72 hours after the skin test. The fee is currently $25.
It depends. When you initially register, you must submit documentation to prove that you are free of active tuberculosis. At each subsequent renewal (every 2 years), you must undergo a risk assessment screening, to verify that you have not been exposed to TB since your last test. If you pass the screening, you will not need to get another TB test. If you do NOT pass the screening, you will need to be re-tested for TB. Click here to view the California Department of Public Health screening tool that we use.
If a caregiver is unable to register through the State, a Limited Permit may be an option. The limited permit is only good for one person / household and requires the person paying for care to sign a notarized statement accepting liability.
Click here to check the Napa County Registered Caregiver List. If the individual is not listed, contact the Caregiver Coordinator at 707-253-8789 or Adult Protective Services at 707-253-4398 and report your concerns.
It is up to the caregiver to ensure that he/she is registered. Violation of the Elder and Dependent Adult Protection law is a misdemeanor or infraction, punishable by a fine, imprisonment in the county jail up to one year, or a combination of both.
All convictions other than minor traffic violations, including misdemeanors, felonies and convictions that occurred a long time ago require an exemption. However, individuals convicted of serious crimes such as robbery, sexual battery, child abuse, elder or dependent adult abuse, rape, arson or kidnapping are not eligible for an exemption. Click here for a complete list of convictions for which the State is prohibited from granting exemptions.
The fingerprint/Live Scan process is completed only once during the initial home care aide registry application process. Once a home care aide has received a criminal record clearance or criminal record exemption, they remain active in the Community Care Licensing Division database for three years. After three years of inactivity, the home care aide would need to submit new fingerprints and pay the associated Livescan fees.
Home care aides must submit fingerprints to both the DOJ and FBI. There is no seven year limit. The criminal history information the Community Care Licensing Division receives includes any criminal history the home care aide may have, including arrests, misdemeanors and felonies.
In-Home Supportive Services (IHSS) is a Medi-Cal program funded by county, state and federal dollars. The goal of the IHSS program is allow low income aged, blind and disabled persons, who are at risk of out-of-home placement, to remain safely at home by providing payment for care provider services. For more information contact us at 707-253-3818.
Depending on the needs of a recipient, In-Home Support Services (IHSS) can pay care providers for:
IHSS does not pay care providers for:
For further information, contact us at 707-253-3818.
An applicant must:
In-Home Support Services payroll staff is responsible for many functions, including:
For more information, contact us at 707-253-4531.
Call or email the In-Home Support Services (IHSS) payroll department (phone: 707-253-4531 or email) and leave the following information:
Currently, the hourly wage is $12.10 per hour. For more information, contact us at 707-253-4531.
Time sheets completed without errors, signed and dated by both the provider and recipient, and mailed to the time sheet processing center in Chico, California (address is on the time sheet) should be paid within 10 business days from the date it is received in Chico. This does not include weekends and holidays. For more information, contact us at 707-253-4531.
No, In-Home Support Services paychecks are issued directly by the state and mailed from Sacramento to the address you provided. For more information, contact us at 707-253-4531.
Once you complete the online orientation, you will be prompted to schedule an in-person appointment. You will need to bring two things with you to your appointment:
1. Your original social security card, AND
2. Valid government issued photo identification.
Please note: we are unable to accept copies of social security cards or photo I.D. If you are missing documentation, you will be asked to reschedule your appointment and come back another time.
You can talk to your recipient or your recipient’s social worker.
You can call the In-Home Support Services intake worker at 707-253-6272 or the Public Authority’s office at 707-259-8359 and request this information. Your recipient’s social worker’s name is also on the Notice of Action you received after your recipient signed the Recipient Designation of Provider form.
Once a referral is received, the referral will be assigned to an In-Home Support Services (IHSS) social worker. The social worker will contact the applicant to schedule a home visit. This may take up to 30 days. At the home visit the social worker will conduct an assessment to determine if the applicant meets the eligibility criteria, what services the applicant needs assistance with and the amount of timed needed to perform the services. This assessment will take into consideration the applicant’s medical condition, living arrangement and resources that may already be available. For more information contact us at 707-253-3818.
After a social worker completes a needs assessment, the applicant will be notified regarding the approval or denial of the In-Home Support Services application via mail. If denied, a notice will be sent explaining the reason for the denial. If approved, the applicant will be notified of the services and amount of hours per month that have been authorized. Depending on the amount of the applicant’s monthly income and Medi-Cal eligibility, they may be required to pay a share of cost for these services. For further information, contact us at 707-253-3818.
Medi-Cal is California’s free or low-cost healthcare coverage for California residents who meet eligibility requirements for the healthcare program. The program pays for a variety of medical services for people with limited income and resources. Medi-Cal is supported by federal and state taxes. For further information, contact us at 707-253-3818.
You may be eligible for Medi-Cal if you are:
Eligibility is determined based on certain qualifications, including: Tax Household, resources, income, and residency; as well as, whether or not the applicant is aged, blind or disabled or has dependent children in the home whose parent(s) are unemployed, deceased, disabled or absent. Comprehensive Serivces for Older Adults (CSOA) Medi-Cal staff reviews resources and income information for all household applicants. Resources can include bank accounts, life insurance, burial funds, etc.
For Medi-Cal purposes, a client’s home of residence and one vehicle is exempt. The resource limit for one person is $2,000 and for two people it is $3,000*. The property limit is then increased for each additional dependent living in the home. *The resource level is significantly increased for persons entering Long Term Care (Nursing Home) who have a spouse still living at home. For further information, contact us at 707-253-3818.
Medi-Cal may pay for:
You must complete a Medi-Cal application and provide the required documents. Applications may be picked up at:Comprehensive Services for Older Adults650 Imperial WaySuite 101Napa, CA 94559
Or you may contact the office by phone at 707-253-3818 and have an application mailed to you. You can also complete the application on-line at Covered California or C4yourself websites. Applications are processed by mail or on-line, although applicants have the option of in-person interviews.
For many individuals who enroll in Medi-Cal, there is no premium, no co-payment, and no out of pocket cost. Some households who have income over the allotted thresholds will see a monthly Share-of-Cost (deductible). For further information, contact us at 707-253-3818.
Partnership Healthplan of California is a managed care organization that contracts with the State of California to ensure that Medi-Cal recipients in Napa and certain other California counties have access to quality medical care. For further information, contact us at 707-253-3818.
No. You may qualify for health Insurance through Medi-Cal even if you are not a U.S citizen or a U.S national. For further information, contact us at 707-253-3818.
Yes. A lawful permanent resident (green card holder) is eligible for Medi-Cal regardless of their date of entry if they meet all other eligibility requirements. Under current Medi-Cal policy, eligible green card holders can get full scope Medi-Cal in California even if they have been in the United States for less than five years. For further information, contact us at 707-253-3818.
The Medi-Cal programs offered through Comprehensive Services for Older Adults are primarily focused on the elderly and disabled population here in Napa County as the regulations for the program are more complex and comprehensive than those offered through Self-Sufficiency. For further information, contact us at 707-253-3818.
No. One application per household is all that is needed. For further information, contact us at 707-253-3818.
A Medi-Cal NOA is a written notice that gives Medi-Cal applicants and beneficiaries an explanation of their eligibility for Medi-Cal coverage or benefits. The NOA should include the eligibility decision and effective date of coverage, as well as any changes made in your eligibility status or level of benefits. The NOA must also include information about your hearing rights and how to appeal the decision if you disagree with the eligibility determination. For further information, contact us at 707-253-3818.
You can call 707-253-3818 or come into the Comprehensive Services for Older Adults office and request a new card. The cards are mailed out from the State of California at the close of business. You should receive a new card within four to six business days.
If both NOAs say you are eligible, then you have eligibility from the earliest month listed on your NOAs. If you got two NOAs, and one says you are eligible and the other says you are not eligible, then you have eligibility from the month listed on the NOA saying you are approved. If you have any questions about your eligibility, please contact your local county office at the phone number listed on the NOA. If you disagree with any decision that has been made, you may file an appeal. For further information, contact us at 707-253-3818.
Older Adult Mental Health Case Management and the Older Adult Full Service Partnership (FSP). For further information, contact us at 707-253-3818.
A referral must be submitted and screened for eligibility by Napa County ACCESS (telephone: 707-259-8151). Prospective individuals will be notified if they meet eligibility criteria. A member of our staff can help with arranging for this appointment or filling out paperwork. For further information, contact us at 707-253-3818.
Most people qualify for reduced fees (sliding scale based on income) or have access to insurance or other benefits that will cover part or all of our fees. We accept Medi-Cal, Medicare, Healthy Families and other insurance for our services. Depending on financial circumstances, you may be expected to pay for all or some of the costs of treatment. For further information, contact us at 707-253-3818.
If you or someone you know is having a psychiatric or mental health emergency please call 911 or 707-253-4711 (24 hours a day).
The office provides conservatorship services for those who are unable to provide for their own basic food, clothing, and shelter needs, or are unable to manage their personal financial affairs or are susceptible to fraud or undue influence. The office may be appointed when there is no other trusted person available to act as conservator or to manage a deceased person’s estate. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4049.
A Public Administrator investigates and may administer the estates of Napa County residents who die without a will, when no appropriate person is able to act, or when appointed by the Court. A Public Conservator or Guardian is appointed by the Court to help manage a person’s personal needs and / or financial needs. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4049.
The Public Administrator is court appointed to:
For further information, contact us at 707-253-4049.
The Public Conservator is court appointed to:
The public guardian arranges for a client’s care and protection, determines where the client will live, makes appropriate arrangements for health care and housekeeping, transportation and recreation. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4049.
A Power of Attorney (POA) is power granted to an attorney-in-fact (another individual) to conduct any business that a person could do himself, such as banking, real estate, taxes, business transactions, or any other issue. Powers of attorney are generally time-limited. The client must be capacitated and there is no court oversight. A power of attorney may be withdrawn at any time by the person who has granted the authority. The court is not involved. A Conservatorship occurs when the client can not make decisions for himself/herself due to legal incapacity and the court has reviewed the person's situation. A conservatorship generally supersedes a POA. A person may agree to a conservatorship or it may be order over a person's objection after the judicial process is completed. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4049.
California law provides for two basic types of conservatorship depending upon the conservatee's particular needs.
Anyone can request the court appoint a conservator for a person. The Petition for Guardian / Conservator identifies the circumstances of the respondent's condition and identifies individuals who know the respondent and may be interested in the respondent's welfare. The petition formally sets the conservatorship process in motion in court. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4049.
Public Guardians are court appointed for individuals who are found to be unable to properly care for themselves or their finances or who are unable to resist undue influence or fraud and have no other person / entity that can provide this level of service. Clients are usually older, frail, dependent and vulnerable adults. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4049.
A request for a conservatorship can be initiated by Adult Protective Services or by a third party (friend, family member, physician, banker, and/or law enforcement, etc.). Probate Conservatorships can be established for the person and/or the estate. An independent investigation is conducted to determine if conservatorship is necessary or if there are appropriate alternative services available. It is helpful if the proposed conservatee's physician is willing to provide a signed statement that the individual is in need of conservator or guardian services. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4049.
If the conservatee owns sufficient assets, the Public Guardian is awarded fees for services through the Superior Court’s annual/semi-annual accounting process. If the conservatee does not have sufficient assets, fees are not collected.
A Public Health Nurse (PHN) is a registered nurse who holds a Bachelor’s Degree in the Science of Nursing. This specialized training leads to specific expertise in Public Health and to the certificate of PHN - Public Health Nurse. For further information, contact us at 707-253-3818.
The Public Health Nurse provides assistance to all the programs under the CSOA umbrella. The goal of the public health nurse is to provide individualized intervention to clients who are medically fragile and most at risk of poor health outcomes. For further information, contact us at 707-253-3818.
The Public Health Nurse may provide the following services:
At this time the Public Health Nurse only accepts clients referred by Comprehensive Services for Older Adults staff. A referral for services must be initiated by a staff person who works with a client currently receiving services from one of our programs:
Please call 707-253-3818 and your call will be transferred to the Public Health Nurse.
The Public Health Nurse is located in the Comprehensive Services for Older Adults office at:650 Imperial WaySuite 101Napa, CA 94559
Office hours are from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., Monday through Friday. You can reach the Public Health Nurse by calling 707-253-3818 during office hours.
Veterans may be eligible for:
The Veterans Services office also provides advocacy for the veteran or dependent dealing with state and federal agencies and requiring community resource referrals. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4558.
Veterans, spouses, dependent children, dependent parents and surviving family members are eligible for services. Program participants are required to submit documentation of military service. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4558.
You can visit our office at:650 Imperial WaySuite 101Napa, CA 94559
Appointments are highly recommended, but walk-ins may be seen if a staff person is available. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4558.
If you are able to provide your original or certified discharge papers (DD214), we can make a veteran identification card for you. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4558.
Make an appointment at our office. We will fax your information to the Military Records Center with your signature. It usually takes about two to three weeks to receive the DD214. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4558.
Make an appointment with our office. We need to see an original or certified copy of the DD214 so that we can complete a form that you need to take to the Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) office. Currently the DMV charges $5. If you require a replacement card before your card expires, the DMV will charge $40 ($35 plus the $5.) For further information, contact us at 707-253-4558.
Call a Veterans representative at the Napa County Veterans Services office at 707-253-4558.
A variety of benefits and services are available to spouses, children and parents of veterans who are deceased or totally and permanently disabled by a service-connected disability. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4558.
Appointments are highly recommended due to the high volume of veterans visiting the Napa office. To make an appointment, contact us at 707-253-4558.
Anyone who has actively served in the military and discharged under conditions other than dishonorable is considered a veteran. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4558.
Please call our main number: 707-253-4558 or e-mail Patrick Jolly or Ryan Labar.
The Veterans Services office is located in the same building as Comprehensive Services for Older Adults (CSOA) at: 650 Imperial WaySuite 101Napa, CA 94559
Due to the fact the Veterans Services Officer and Veterans Representative are often working in the field, please check in with the CSOA receptionist who can direct you to the Veterans Services office, which is upstairs in Suite 201. CSOA is open from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., Monday through Friday. You can reach Veterans Services staff by calling 707-253-3818 or 707-253-4558.
Resource parenting is a way to make a positive impact on a child’s life. Resource parents provide a safe, loving, and nurturing temporary home for children who are unable to stay with their birth families. As a resource parent, you will become a member of a team that is working to ensure each child’s well-being. The team typically includes the child’s family, the resource family, social workers and other professionals, the court, and the child himself / herself, when appropriate. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4761.
There are many reasons why some parents cannot take care of their children. Sometimes a family emergency makes it too difficult for children to live at home. Some parents are so overwhelmed by their own problems that they are unable to give proper care to their children. Some children may be removed after being physically and/or sexually abused. A parent may decide to place the children, or the Court may remove the children. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4761.
When it is necessary to remove a child from the care of his or her parents, Napa County’s social workers try to find a relative or close family friend who is able to care for the child. Kinship care works well when the family member already has a close relationship with the child and does not have a personal conflict with the child’s parents. This caregiver must be licensed and must be ready to face the same challenges as resource parents who are not related to the child. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4761.
They are like any other children. They range in age from newborn babies to teenagers. There may be one child alone, or two or more brothers or sisters. Like any other children, they need love and security. They need interested, dependable adults to guide them and encourage them. Like all children they have a deep love for their own parents, even parents who may have neglected or mistreated them.
Children in care find themselves suddenly separated from their parents, their homes, their pets, and their toys. All that was familiar is gone. Even though they are now safer, they experience tremendous loss. Rather than appreciate the people who are taking care of them, children in care might become fearful. Some will express their inner fears by being overly timid and quiet. Others may react aggressively. Nightmares and bed wetting are not uncommon reactions as well. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4761.
Resource parents are people who find satisfaction in helping a child at a time when he or she really needs help. They understand that the child’s future is unknown. Resource parents have a genuine interest in children and a sympathetic understanding of children’s personalities and behaviors. They are able to give care, guidance, and affection, without expecting a positive response or gratitude from the child. Their encouragement of the child’s efforts and positive behavior builds the child’s confidence. Resource parents are prepared for behavioral problems. They set limits without using corporal punishment. Their ability to set rules that are fair, consistent and appropriate helps the child experience a sense of security. Resource parents work to minimize the disruption in the child’s life. This means transporting the child to school, church, and social activities that may be across town. Resource parents help the child stay in touch with the birth parents and other family members by taking him or her to regular visits.
There are also appointments with professionals who help the child survive this difficult situation. The social worker coordinates the visits and appointments and arranges for transportation when the resource parent can not help with this. In working with social workers and other professionals, resource parents recognize that their own observations are valuable and they speak on behalf of the child. Yet, they must be patient when the professionals do not respond in the way or as quickly as the resource parent would like. Resource parents support the goal of giving every child and parent the opportunity to reunite. They see themselves as partners with the child’s parents and professionals in ensuring the child has a safe and loving home. Sometimes this means communicating with parents about how their child is doing in school, his health, and other aspects of daily life. Resource parents are not expected to communicate with every birth parent, however.
The social worker will shield the resource parents from those birth parents who have not made the necessary changes to ensure their child’s safety or those who have been hostile towards the resource parents. Like having a baby, taking in a foster child changes everything in your family. All members of the family should be united in wanting to have a child in care in their home. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4761.
For further information, contact us at 707-253-4761.
Children in care may be placed by an agency or directly by the birth parents. Most of the children are placed by Napa County’s Child Protective Services or by the Probation Department. Agencies placing children look for a resource home where the child and resource parents seem to be suited to each other. A social worker tells the resource parents about the child, his background, and his needs so the resource parents can decide if they are able to take this particular child. As a resource parent, you are under no obligation to accept a particular child in your home. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4761.
Most children younger than six are taken directly to Emergency Foster Homes. Our Emergency Resource Parents often specify the ages and gender of the children they wish to care for. Our social workers attempt to place children with special needs with more experienced resource parents as much as possible. However, flexibility is very helpful, as usually little is known about the children when they first enter foster care. Older children usually are taken to Valley of the Moon Children’s Home. In both locations each child is assessed for developmental, behavioral and health concerns. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4761.
Resource parents have a choice about the length of time they will provide a home for a child. Some people receive children in an emergency and keep them for a few days until they can return home or until social workers can arrange for a longer term placement. Other resource parents provide a home for a child for several months while the birth family is working to make things safer. There are also resource parents who are licensed to provide respite care for children. This gives their resource parents some time off for a few hours or a few days. Some resource parents love to work with older children and support their transition into adulthood. It is difficult to predict how long a child will need foster care. When a referral is made to Child Protective Services, social workers determine whether there is a need for protection.
A resource parent who has agreed to receive a child in crisis may be called at any time. The child may stay a few days while the social worker makes arrangements for the child to return home or to go to another family member. If the child cannot live with his or her own family, the resource parent who first receives the child may be asked to keep the child. Or, the child may move to another resource parent who provides care for several months while parents work to make their home life a healthier and safer place. When the Court makes permanent plans for the child the resource parents might have the opportunity to become guardians or to adopt the child. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4761.
When a child is taken into the foster care system the outcome is usually not known right away. While working to reunite the child with their birth family, the social worker will make a “concurrent plan,” identifying an alternative plan for the child if reunification is not possible. The preferred concurrent plans include living with other relatives, adoption, and guardianship. Resource parents may be identified as the child’s concurrent family to be considered for a child’s adoption or other alternative permanent plan, if reunification is not possible. Most adoptive families served as a child’s concurrent family before the adoption. In order to be a concurrent home, a foster home license is needed. Families wishing to adopt must also have an approved adoptive home study. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4761.
Children of all ages come in to foster care when it is believed to be unsafe for them to remain in their family home. Social workers placing children try to make the best match possible. Some resource parents have a child placed in their home immediately upon becoming licensed while others may wait quite some time for a placement. We especially need resource homes for special needs children, older children and teenagers, and sibling groups. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4761.
Resource families may specify the ages and genders of children they feel would be the best match for their families. Resource parents’ preferences are taken into consideration as the children’s social workers match them with resource families that can best meet their needs. The social workers typically contact prospective resource parents to discuss the children before making placements. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4761.
If you become an emergency resource family, you probably will not meet the child ahead of time, as these children are usually placed quickly into the emergency foster homes. Otherwise, you usually will be able to meet the child and visit with him / her a few times before he / she comes to live with you. This “transition period” helps make the transition easier for everyone involved. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4761.
We do not give resource parents’ full names and address information to birth parents. However, in some situations resource families develop a relationship with the birth parents and chose to share this information themselves. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4761.
We appreciate that loving families can be very diverse and we support this diversity. Resource parents may be single, married, same sex couples, gay or lesbian, or unmarried couples in stable, long-term relationships. If you are undergoing a major transition in your life, such as a separation or divorce, it would be better to postpone resource parenting until you are better able to provide consistency, security and stability for a child. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4761.
Resource parents can live in rented houses and apartments. It is important that your landlord know and agree to your plan to have children in the home. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4761.
Older parents can make good resource parents. It is important that your health and energy levels are sufficient to keep up with the needs of raising a child. Resource parenting can be busy. Children may be involved in school or extracurricular activities, and have medical or therapy appointments as well as visits with their family. Young children may require your attention throughout the night. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4761.
The children’s social workers strive to place each child in a home where she or he will thrive. Some children will do fine in a resource home that does not have a stay-at-home parent, while other children need a home with a stay-at-home parent available throughout the day. If you are working it is certainly helpful if you have a flexible schedule. Please remember that most children in care will visit regularly with their parents. They may have unusual medical or other needs and will need transportation to medical or counseling appointments. Resource parents must be able to provide this transportation.
Resource parents have various income levels, but it is important that resource parents have enough income to meet their own family’s needs. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4761.
Yes. We ask that you include your foster child in your family activities. But if a foster child is of a different faith, he or she must be allowed to attend worship of that faith. This is an important conversation to have when considering a child for your home. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4761.
No. Foster children may share a room with your own children or with other foster children of the same gender. With some exceptions, you may have no more than two children for each bedroom. Each child must have his or her own bed. A child in care under the age of two may share a room with an adult. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4761.
California offers a small stipend to cover the costs of the child’s board, clothing, and incidentals. Most medical and dental expenses for children in care are covered by Medi-Cal. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4761.
The law in our state requires that families caring for unrelated children under 18 years of age be licensed. Foster home licenses are obtained through Napa County’s Child Welfare Division. A social worker visits the home to ensure that it is safe and has sufficient room for a foster child. The worker becomes acquainted with the family during the home visits. Prospective resource parents as well as anyone over the age of 18 must be fingerprinted for a criminal background check before the license is issued. Applicants also must have CPR / First Aid certification. It usually takes about three months before a license is issued. The license specifies the number and age of children who can be cared for, as determined jointly by the resource parents and the social worker. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4761.< / p>
Napa County resource parents join a community that offers many different kinds of support. There are several events during the year including a Resource Parent Appreciation Dinner in May, a summer family camp-out, and the annual Holiday Party in December. After a child is placed, the resource parent will meet regularly with the social workers and others concerned about the child’s health and safety. The child’s social worker will meet with you to identify the child’s needs and resources that will help meet those needs.
Throughout the placement the social worker is available to help the child and the resource parents with any problems that might arise. The social worker may also connect the resource parent to other professionals who can help.The Foster Parent Association and Napa Valley College work together to provide educational programs. The Association is a place for resource parents to share their experiences and help each other solve problems. The Foster Parent Association also plans events and group outings. The Foster Kids Fund is a private organization that helps to pay for special things like club memberships or camps. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4761.
Sometimes resource parents will not see the children after they leave. But often, they do. Sometimes resource and birth parents develop a positive relationship which continues after a child returns home. Other times the resource and adoptive parents remain part of each others’ lives. In either case, for example, you may be asked if you would like to babysit, or you may be included in birthday parties. Older foster children may come to visit and may remain members of your family. Some of our resource parents develop a large “extended family” they met through resource parenting. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4761.
If the child has been taken into protective custody or if you suspect she/he may be abused or neglected please call Child Protective Services in the county where the child lives. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4761.
By law, foster children may not stay home alone with the exception of some teenage foster children, who may be allowed to stay at home alone for limited periods of time. If needed, appropriate child care arrangements should be made by the resource parents. Unfortunately, we are not able to provide additional funding to cover child care, although foster children are generally eligible for subsidized child care programs.
The Redwood Empire Foster Parent Association currently provides some respite care funding to their members who are Emergency Foster Parents. This allows these resource parents to run errands, handle a family emergency, or simply to take a break from the daily demands of parenting without having to pay for child care. Also, many of our resource parents get to know each other and become comfortable exchanging some child care between themselves. Financial arrangements should be made between the resource parent and the respite care provider. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4761.
It is important to understand that parenting a foster child it is not the same as parenting a birth child or even a stepchild. Most of the children in care have been abandoned, abused or neglected and this impacts the children’s emotional state and behavior. Even infants are affected by their experiences both before and after birth, and some were exposed to their mother’s substance abuse during her pregnancy. You will need to talk with your foster children about their birth families and help them manage their feelings about being separated. You also need to learn how to interact with the children’s families and to know how to respond before and after the children visit with parents, siblings and other family members.
The pre-service training will help prepare you for this and help you to understand the court process set up for the children’s welfare. You will learn about various community resources and meet some of the professionals you will be working with. You will also become acquainted with one or more experienced resource parents who can serve as a mentor to guide you along the way. The training and support you receive can help make resource parenting a positive experience. Napa County's training is free of charge. Each resource parent is also expected to participate in eight hours of continuing education every year after being licensed. A variety of interesting and useful classes are available.For further information, contact us at 707-253-4761.
We understand that we are visiting the homes of real people with busy households. We do not expect our resource homes to be spotless or beautifully decorated. We do want to make sure that your home will be a comfortable, healthy and safe place for a child to live. Our licensing social worker usually makes two visits before licensing a resource home. At the first visit she checks to see whether the home meets state standards. If there are concerns, the social worker and applicants work together to try to make a mutually agreeable plan to ensure that the home will meet standards. At the second visit any concerns noted earlier will be rechecked to make sure that the home meets health, safety and comfort standards before licensing.
The licensing social worker also will interview you during these visits to learn about your background, current situation and lifestyle, your family, and your preferences and ideas about resource parenting. This will help the children’s social workers to better match children and resource families. Social workers also will make periodic visits by appointment after you are licensed. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4761.
All resource homes must meet state standards meant to ensure that they are comfortable, clean, safe, sanitary, and in good repair. Resource homes must: have a working smoke detector in the hallway outside each sleeping area, securely lock up any firearms or weapons, and lock ammunition separately, make the following items inaccessible to children. All dangerous items and toxic substances, including all medicines, garden and workshop chemicals, automotive fluids, household chemicals, and most cleansers must be kept out of reach. How these items are kept out of the children’s reach will depend on the ages of the children you care for and their abilities.
Exceptions may be made to allow teenagers to have access to certain items. If the home has young children, electrical outlets should be covered and stairs must have gates at the top and bottom. Balcony railings and most fences may not have uncovered spaces more than four inches across between the balusters. Young children must be directly supervised by a responsible adult whenever they are outside unless there is a safe and properly fenced play area. Pools, hot tubs and other bodies of water must be properly fenced or have a locked cover if the home is licensed to care for children under 10 years of age, or if there is an older child in care with special needs which might make a body of water more hazardous to him / her.
At times other hazards or concerns are noted during a home visit. In this case, the social worker will discuss your options with you to ensure that your home will meet standards. You are responsible for any expenses involved in preparing your home. Please discuss your plans with us before investing a great deal of time or money in preparing your home for resource care. For further information, contact us at 707-253-4761.
This tax-supported program provides specialized medical care and rehabilitation for children whose families cannot provide all or part of the care. Children with commercial (private) health insurance may or may not be eligible for some services depending on their insurance plan. California's medical program for treating children with physically handicapping conditions was started by California Legislature in 1927. Many handicapping conditions are eligible for benefits under the CCS program. For more information, contact us at 707-253-4391
The California Children's Services program goals are:
For more information, contact us at 707-253-4391
The program is available to California residents:
For more information, contact us at 707-253-4391
You should apply for the CCS program at the local CCS office in the county where you reside. This does not include the county where you are employed. This office can be contacted by phone for assistance. Your county CCS office can tell you if your child may be eligible for the CCS program. CCS eligibility must be determined before services can be covered by CCS. For more information, contact us at 707-253-4391
The Napa County CCS office will consider your child's medical condition as well as the family's residential and financial status to determine CCS eligibility. This is accomplished by completing the necessary application forms and providing the required documentation. Based on this information and completed paperwork the CCS program will approve or deny your application. For more information, contact us at 707-253-4391
Your child might be eligible for the CCS program even though you have private health insurance coverage, depending on the extent of coverage. If your child is a CCS applicant/client and has individual or group private health insurance coverage, you must report it to the county CCS office and to the child's health care provider. For more information, contact us at 707-253-4391
Per state regulations:
Some families may be required to pay an annual assessment fee and/or annual enrollment fee. These fees are used to help cover the cost of treatment, processing applications, telephoning hospitals, physicians and other caregivers, mailing authorizations to these caregivers, and coordinating care with the CCS agencies. All these services are provided by the CCS program to ensure that clients receive the best care possible from approved physicians and specialists who provide medical care to children. The annual assessment fee is $20 and the annual enrollment fee is calculated based on income and family size. For more information, contact us at 707-253-4391
Applicants/clients or families applying for the CCS program whose incomes exceed 100 percent of the federal poverty level are required to pay the annual assessment fee unless they are determined by the county CCS office to be exempt from paying the fee. For more information, contact us at 707-253-4391
If a family is unable to pay the full fee because of undue hardship, the family may ask for reconsideration in writing. Undue hardship means, for example, the family now has either less income due to unemployment or change in job; or, unavoidable expenses that reduce the ability to pay. The county may then reduce or waive the fee. The family may formally appeal a county's decision and should ask the county how to file and appeal under CCS regulations. For more information, contact us at 707-253-4391
Anyone may refer a child to CCS; Public health/school nurses, other agencies, or the family itself may refer to CCS to determine if the child has an approved CCS medically eligible condition. Complete referral information includes the name of the family physician and contact information.
Most children are referred by the family physician, specialist or hospital. The physician or hospital can supply important medical information necessary in making the CCS medical eligibility determination and may also participate in the child's CCS treatment program.
Hepatitis C is a liver disease caused by the Hepatitis C virus (HCV), which is found in the blood of persons who have this disease. HCV is spread by contact with the blood of an infected person.
Find information about blood tests on our Blood Tests to Check for Hepatitis C page.
HCV is spread primarily by direct contact with human blood. For example, you may have gotten infected with HCV if:
Recent studies suggest that HCV may survive on environmental surfaces at room temperature at least 16 hours, but no longer than 4 days.
Visit our page about how HIV is transmitted for more information.
Find information about HIV transmission in the environment on our HIV is Not Easily Transmitted in the Environment page.
Although HIV has been transmitted between family members in a household setting, this type of transmission is very rare. Find more information about this on our HIV Transmission in Households page.
There is no known risk of HIV transmission to co-workers, clients or consumers from contact in industries such as food-service establishments. Find more information about this on the HIV Transmission in Businesses and Other Settings page.
Casual contact through closed-mouth or "social" kissing is not a risk for transmission of HIV. Because of the potential for contact with blood during "French" or open-mouth kissing, CDC recommends against engaging in this activity with a person known to be infected. However, the risk of acquiring HIV during open-mouth kissing is believed to be very low. CDC has investigated only one case of HIV infection that may be attributed to contact with blood during open-mouth kissing.
In 1997, CDC published findings from a state health department investigation of an incident that suggested blood-to-blood transmission of HIV by a human bite. There have been other reports in the medical literature in which HIV appeared to have been transmitted by a bite. Severe trauma with extensive tissue tearing and damage and presence of blood were reported in each of these instances. Biting is not a common way of transmitting HIV. In fact, there are numerous reports of bites that did not result in HIV infection.
HIV has been found in saliva and tears in very low quantities from some AIDS patients. It is important to understand that finding a small amount of HIV in a body fluid does not necessarily mean that HIV can be transmitted by that body fluid. HIV has not been recovered from the sweat of HIV-infected persons. Contact with saliva, tears or sweat has never been shown to result in transmission of HIV.
Find information about this on our Insects and HIV page.
Find information about this on our Condom Effectiveness page.
Registering is a simple three step process. Get Web page directions or download a PDF version of instructions (including screen shots) on how to register as a Napa County Medical Volunteer.
People volunteer for many reasons. And, being healthcare professionals, we often look for ways to help our own community. Joining this effort offers you several real opportunities:
While undoubtedly all of us would be eager to help our communities during a disaster, joining a volunteer program before a disaster strikes allows Napa County to know you:
This information will allow Napa County Public Health to quickly match you to an appropriate volunteer role. In addition, by officially being a member of the Napa County Medical Reserve Corps Unit or Medical Volunteers, you will be covered for liability and workers compensation during a response and / or trainings in which you participate. Register to become a volunteer.
We understand that many health professionals have strong relationships with the place or places that they work. Many times this will mean that you have committed to a particular response that your facility is preparing. We fully understand that your first priority is to your own job and your own workplace. The purpose of this program is not to diminish the resources of any facility.
Rather, it is to increase the resources available to all locations. That’s why, if you’re not already committed, we want you to be able to help our efforts to provide healthcare throughout the county. Also, you may not be able to get to your workplace (due to flood or quake damage); registering as a volunteer allows you to help at alternate sites. Additionally, some emergency responses will take place outside of healthcare facilities, and will not impact those facilities. Contact us at 707-253-4199 for further information.
You always have the option of declining any training or deployment opportunities offered. Trainings and deployment opportunities hosted by Napa County are open to all volunteers (some may have prerequisites), and you can sign up for those opportunities that are of interest to you. Members can also indicate in their profile their response/deployment preferences to allow us to better match you to opportunities. For more questions regarding responding, contact us at 707-253-4199.
There are many protections in place for health professionals who volunteer in an emergency situation. There are both federal and state laws that are designed to protect volunteers from liability when they are responding to an emergency. While there are differences among the laws, it can be said generally that healthcare professional volunteers are protected when the acts they engaged in were within their scope of practice, within their responsibilities as a volunteer, and not caused by willful or criminal misconduct. Contact us at 707-253-4199 for any further questions.
California has a program, the Disaster Service Workers Program, that is the source of workers’ compensation for governmental volunteers. This program, subject to funding by the Legislature, would be the source of workers’ compensation in disaster circumstances for those government volunteers who may be injured in the course of their volunteer service. In order to be eligible for this program, a volunteer must be enrolled as a Disaster Service Worker. This involves registration and taking a loyalty oath. We intend for our Napa County volunteers to be properly registered and have the oath given them as part of this program. For other questions regarding worker's compensation, contact us at 707-253-4199.
Absolutely! Your service is invaluable. During an emergency the entire healthcare system is at risk for being stressed. Many professionals with particular skills may have to be shifted from their regular job to another. Also, many professionals may not be able to make it to their regular place of employment. In such a situation, any licensed professional who is willing and able to volunteer will be able to make an extremely important contribution to the community. Right now, we are limiting our recruitment those with active licenses. But, if you are retired and your license is still active, you are more than welcome to join us and contribute to the good of your community. Visit our registration page or contact us at 707-253-4199 for more information.
We recognize that all of us have lives and families and few are capable of an unlimited commitment in a disaster situation. That is why when you register for this program, we ask you what you are comfortable with as far as a commitment of time and energy. We will make every effort to match your skills and preferences to the needs presented by the emergency to which we are all responding. And, as we mentioned above, it is not our intent to steal you away from other volunteer or work commitments you may have during the emergency.
People usually get rabies from the bite of a rabid animal. It is also possible, but quite rare, that people may get rabies if infectious material from a rabid animal, such as saliva, gets directly into their eyes, nose, mouth or a wound.
Medical assistance should be obtained as soon as possible after an exposure. There have been no vaccine failures in the United States (i.e., someone developed rabies) when postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) was given promptly and appropriately after an exposure.
One of the most effective methods to decrease the chances for infection involves thorough washing of the wound with soap and water. Specific medical attention for someone exposed to rabies is called postexposure prophylaxis or PEP. In the United States, postexposure prophylaxis consists of a regimen of one dose of immune globulin and five doses of rabies vaccine over a 28-day period. Rabies immune globulin and the first dose of rabies vaccine should be given by your health care provider as soon as possible after exposure.
Additional doses or rabies vaccine should be given on days 3, 7, 14, and 28 after the first vaccination. Current vaccines are relatively painless and are given in your arm, like a flu or tetanus vaccine.
Adverse reactions to rabies vaccine and immune globulin are not common. Newer vaccines in use today cause fewer adverse reactions than previously available vaccines. Mild, local reactions to the rabies vaccine, such as pain, redness, swelling or itching at the injection site, have been reported. Rarely, symptoms such as headache, nausea, abdominal pain, muscle aches, and dizziness have been reported. Local pain and low-grade fever may follow injection of rabies immune globulin.
Consult with your doctor or state or local public health officials for recommended times if there is going to be a change in the recommended schedule of shots. Rabies prevention is a serious matter and changes should not be made in the schedule of doses.
The only well-documented cases of rabies caused by human-to-human transmission occurred among eight (8) recipients of transplanted corneas, and recently among three (3) recipients of solid organs (see the MMWR article). Guidelines for acceptance of suitable cornea and organ donations, as well as the rarity of human rabies in the United States, reduce this risk. In addition to transmission from cornea and organ transplants, bite and non-bite exposures inflicted by infected humans could theoretically transmit rabies, but no such cases have been documented.
Casual contact, such as touching a person with rabies or contact with non-infectious fluid or tissue (urine, blood, feces) does not constitute an exposure and does not require postexposure prophylaxis. In addition, contact with someone who is receiving rabies vaccination does not constitute rabies exposure and does not require postexposure prophylaxis
West Nile virus (WNV) is a mosquito-borne disease that is common in Africa, west Asia, the Middle East, and more recently, North America. Human infection with WNV may result in serious illness. Experts believe WNV is established as a seasonal epidemic in North America that flares up in the summer and continues into the fall.
WNV affects the central nervous system. However, symptoms vary:
West Nile virus was first detected in the United States in New York in 1999. Since then, WNV has spread to 48 states, and to Canada and Mexico. Last year there were 2,448 human cases of WNV detected in the United States, including 84 deaths. This is much lower than in 2003 when there were more than 10,000 human cases of WNV detected, including 262 deaths.
West Nile Virus (WNV) first appeared in California in 2002 with the identification of one human case. In 2003, three human cases occurred in California and WNV activity was detected in six southern California counties. By 2004, WNV activity was observed in all 58 counties in California and 830 human infections were identified. Click Here for a summary of West Nile Virus in California in 2004.
California is well prepared to detect, monitor, and respond to WNV through ongoing collaboration between over 100 public agencies. The California surveillance system includes human and horse case detection and testing of mosquitoes, sentinel chicken flocks, and dead birds for WNV.
Visit our How West Nile Virus is Transmitted page for more information.
People typically develop symptoms from 3 to14 days after they are bitten by an infected mosquito.
There is no specific treatment for WNV infection. In cases with milder symptoms, people experience fever and aches that pass on their own. In more severe cases, people may need to go to the hospital where they can receive supportive treatment including intravenous fluids, help with breathing, and nursing care.
Milder WNV illness improves without treatment, and people do not necessarily need to seek medical attention for this infection, though they may choose to do so. If you develop symptoms of severe WNV illness, such as unusually severe headaches or confusion, seek medical attention immediately. Pregnant women and nursing mothers are encouraged to talk to their doctor if they develop symptoms that could be WNV.
It is thought that once a person has recovered from WNV, they are immune for life to future infections with WNV. This immunity may decrease over time or with health conditions that compromise the immune system.
Find information about the who is at greatest risk of becoming severely ill from West Nile Virus on our Becoming Severely Ill from West Nile Virus page.
Find more information about how to prevent getting sick on our Avoiding Getting Sick from West Nile Virus page.
Yes, the public is encouraged to report dead birds because it helps the state monitor WNV activity. Birds play an important role in maintaining and spreading this virus. Mosquitoes acquire the virus from infected birds, and then transmit the virus to people. Evidence of the virus in dead birds is often the first indication that WNV has been introduced into a new region, or that transmission risk is high. Public reports of dead birds are provided to local mosquito control agencies who use this information to target WNV surveillance and control efforts. Some dead birds are tested for WNV. Dead birds can be reported via the website or by calling the hotline: 877-WNV-BIRD
State and local agencies conduct the following activities or provide the following services in conjunction with the statewide WNV prevention, surveillance and control program:
CDC and eventually, CDPH VRDL will conduct Zika lab testing. Specimens will get picked up from QVMC by the courier for the Napa Solano Yolo Marin Public Health Lab (NYSMPHL), and these will be routed to CDPH and then to CDC. Please call NSYMPHL at 707-784-4410 when the specimen is ready. The courier is in Napa around 11 a.m. every day. Specimens should stay refrigerated until pickup.
One to three weeks, currently around three weeks. Turnaround time will hopefully decrease slightly when the test becomes available at CDPH VRDL.
CDC test results are only being returned to CDPH, that’s why it’s very important for the ordering facility and provider to fill out their information on the form completely, so the results can be forwarded to them.
Specimens should not be collected Fridays because CDPH and CDC are closed over the weekend. If a specimen is accidentally collected on Friday, it can stay refrigerated for pick up the following week. Specimens can be picked up on Friday mornings but won’t be shipped until Monday.
The ZV Disease Testing form needs to be filled out as completely as possible.
All requested information needs to be filled out or Public Health may not approve the testing. All the information in the one page form is distilled down from the four page form. CDC is being very strict about the forms, specimens with incomplete information are not being accepted for testing.
CalFresh is California's version of the federal Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) that provides assistance for households to purchase nutritious food. The program uses Electronic Benefit Transfer (EBT) to allow recipients to buy food (including seeds and seedlings to grow food) at retail stores and farmers markets using a plastic debit card. Visit the Official California CalFresh Site.
CalFresh looks at gross income (before taxes), program deductions, and certain household expenses. An eligibility specialist will talk to you about your income and help you identify allowable expenses.
No. Many recipients of CalFresh are employed, elderly or disabled who need assistance purchasing nutritional food.
If you qualify for CalFresh, you should receive benefits no later than 30 days from the date the office received your application. If you have very little or no income and less than $100 in cash, you may be eligible to receive CalFresh within 3 days.
Households can use CalFresh to buy any food or food product for human consumption as well as seeds and plants for use in home gardens to produce food. Households cannot buy:
Most resources including cars, cash, and bank accounts are not counted in the CalFresh Program. An eligibility worker can answer any other question you have.
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) guidelines permit immigrants and their children to use certain non-cash benefits and special purpose cash benefits without affecting their immigration status including:
Some of the above programs may provide cash benefits. The purpose of such benefits is not for income maintenance but rather to avoid the need for on-going cash assistance for income maintenance; therefore, they are not subject to public charge consideration. Important Notice to Immigrants
The Application Process
Step 1: Complete an application.Step 2: Talk to a staff member and get an appointment.Step 3: Have an interview (usually on the phone but can be in person if you choose).Step 4: Turn in any proof we need (upload it, mail it, or drop it off).Step 5: The Eligibility Worker sees if you are eligible for benefits. If you are, benefits are added to your EBT card. You can get a new card in the office or by mail if you need one.
Yes. In order to qualify for CalWORKs you must be the parent and/or caretaker relative of:
No, CalWORKs recipients must either be U.S citizens or have legal alien status.
If you have a cash emergency, you may apply for an Immediate Need payment when you apply for CalWORKs. Tell your Eligibility Specialist if you have an emergency.
Immediate Need payments may be available to families in emergency situations while the CalWORKs application is being processed. The maximum immediate need payment is $200. If you are apparently eligible for the CalWORKs program, you may be eligible for an Immediate Need Payment, within 24 hours, based on an emergency situation that may include, but is not limited to the following:
To apply for Immediate Need after you have submitted your CalWORKs application, but prior to having your CalWORKs granted, you may submit this CW 4 – Immediate Need Payment Request. English Spanish
For more information, contact us at 707-253-4511.
The goal of CalWORKs is to provide cash aid to meet basic needs while a family moves toward increased self-sufficiency through employment. Benefits may not stop simply because a family member becomes employed.
Usually the amount of cash aid goes down as a family’s income increases. However, earned income is not counted dollar for dollar against the CalWORKs maximum aid payment. Certain earned income deductions are allowed that reduce the income used to calculate the cash aid amount to less than half the gross amount.
Some income, such as Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is never used, while all of other income such as Unemployment Insurance Benefits (UIB) is counted. Student grants and loans are usually not used but some Veteran’s Administration (VA) school grants are counted minus the costs of books and tuition.
No. If you are receiving Supplemental Security Income / State Supplemental Payment (SSI / SSP), you already receive a cash form of public assistance and are not eligible for CalWORKs. You may apply for other household members who do not receive SSI / SSP.
You may choose to have your payments issued either on a plastic debit card called the Electronic Benefits Transfer (EBT) card or directly to your bank account each month.
Your cash aid benefits are automatically placed on your EBT card within the first three days of each month depending on your case number. If you have elected to receive your cash aid through direct deposit to your bank account, you will receive your benefits on the first day of each month.
For more information on how to use your EBT card please click here for English or here for Spanish.
If you would like more information on how to enroll in direct deposit, please review, complete, and return the SSSD 2005 – Direct Deposit Information and Authorization. You may choose to stop direct deposit payments by contacting your Eligibility Specialist.
Electronic Bank Transfer (EBT) cards do not work for various reasons, such as the card may not be active, or there are no remaining benefits. You may call your Eligibility Specialist at (707) 253-4511 or the EBT Customer Service Helpdesk at (877) 328-9677 for assistance.
Call the EBT Customer Service Helpdesk at (877) 328-9677 to report your card lost or stolen immediately. At this time you may also request a new card be mailed to you.
If you need a new card right away contact your Eligibility Specialist or go to 2751 Napa Valley Corporate Drive, Building A to obtain a new card.
Yes, you must be in receipt of CalWORKs / TANF benefits to be eligible for the program. See CalWORKs to find out more information about eligibility requirements. For more information, contact us at 707-253-4511.
You may qualify from an exemption from the program. There are many reasons someone could be exempt. Some of those reasons include:
If you feel that you have one of the above reasons or would like to discuss a reason not listed with your worker, contact your Employment Services Worker to request an exemption or turn in an Exemption Request form. Your Employment Services Worker will discuss the issues with you and may require additional verification of your claim. For more information, contact us at 707-253-4511.
CalWORKs can still help you, even if you become employed. Working families receive certain deductions from their earnings, so they may still qualify for cash aid. Some people choose to stop their case if they make enough to reduce their grant substantially, so they can save their “Once-in-a-lifetime” 48 months Time Limits for future emergencies. Even if you are no longer eligible to CalWORKs, or choose to stop your case, you may still receive CalFresh and Medi-Cal for your family. You may also qualify for Job Retention Services. Ask your Employment Services Worker for more information.Now that you have earnings, you may qualify for the Earned Income Tax Credit. View more information.Learn more about how Work Pays!
If for any reason, you do not do what Welfare to Work (WTW) requires, the following steps will be taken.You have the chance to explain why you did not meet your WTW requirements. Your Employment Services Worker will then decide if you had a good reason.
Your family’s cash aid will be lowered if:
You need to request to cure your sanction from your Employment Services Worker either verbally or in writing by completing and turning in the Welfare to Work (WTW) 31 - Request to Stop a WTW Sanction. Your Employment Services Worker will then meet with you to discuss your plan and required activities to lift your financial sanction.
When you are enrolled in WTW, you are eligible for assistance with child care, transportation, and other expenses. You have the freedom to choose your own child care provider. Our child care referral agency is Community Resources for Children (CRC). This agency can provide you with a list of licensed child centers and family day care homes. This is a referral service only. You will need to discuss your child care needs with your Employment Services Worker. If you have a unlicensed friend or family member in mind to provide child care, this may be possible. Please review the TrustLine brochure to obtain more information and work with your case manager and CRC to ensure this is an allowable and good fit. For more information, contact us at 707-253-4511.
Bus tokens or passes are available to any participant who needs help getting around. Mileage may also be available if you own or have use of a vehicle. Contact your Employment Services Worker to discuss your transportation needs.
For more information, contact Self Sufficiency Services at 707-253-4511.
No, any format is acceptable.
Please specify locations of program address and location for mailing address. If approved, the Contract will be mailed out for signature. You will want to receive the contract and return it in a timely manner.
No, only your organizational financials will be necessary.
The best way to find out about job openings is to click on the Job Opportunities link. It will direct you to our on-line listing of current job openings where you can review job listings, job descriptions, and benefit information.
The minimum qualifications for each position can be found in the job description. Qualifications may include education or coursework, a specified amount of experience, licensure or certificate, skills, or knowledge and abilities in a specific field.If a supplemental questionnaire is included in the application process, please be sure to answer the questions completely and with great detail. Your answers will be used as part of the rating criteria to determine your qualifications. These questions assist us in determining your abilities, skills, experience and knowledge related to the job.
The testing process is conducted in various ways, depending on the number of qualified candidates, and the knowledge, skills, and abilities required for the job. The exam procedure may consist of one or more of the following:
Responses to the supplemental questionnaire, if required, may be scored as part of the application screening process. Be specific when responding to questions and do not use "see resume". It is also important to know that each question receives an independent score.
Once the testing process has been completed, the County of Napa Human Resources will establish an Eligibility List and notify you either by email or mail of your status on the Eligibility List.
Candidates who rank in the top six standings on the Eligibility List, are referred on to the County department with the vacancy. You will be notified by the hiring department who will set up the interview. Each department schedules their own interviews and notifies candidates of the results of those interviews.
If you interview with a department and you are offered a position, you may be expected to pass a pre-employment physical, a psychological exam, and a background check before a final offer of employment is made. Prior to employment, applicants will be required to provide proof of identity and authorization to work in the United States. Once hired, you will be required to pass a probationary period of one year, which is the final phase of the selection process.
The recruitment process can range from a couple of weeks to a few months depending on the job classification and the complexity of the selection process.
Applications for the Open Until Closed recruitments are being accepted on an on-going basis. These recruitments may close at any time. If you see a position that is designated Open Until Closed that you are interested in it is best to apply as soon as possible.
Our job openings are posted in “real time” meaning it is always up to date and current.
No. Applicants must always complete and submit a County of Napa employment application. A resume or other supporting documentation may be attached to the application to provide additional information but it may not be used as a substitute for completing any part of the application. In addition, you may not complete the application using “see resume,” or your application may be considered incomplete.
The County of Napa prefers that all applications be submitted online; however a paper application is available by request from:
County of Napa Administration BuildingHuman Resources1195 Third StreetSuite 110Napa, CA 94559
The County of Napa Human Resources office has a computer available for your use in applying for our job opportunities. In addition the Napa City-County Public Library and HHS- Self Sufficiency Services Division also have computers available for your use.
There are several Internet Service Providers that offer free email accounts: Gmail, Hotmail, Yahoo or AOL. You can access one of these providers to register for a free email account.
For assistance in applying for a vacancy, you may contact the County of Napa Human Resources office at (707) 253-4303. If applying online poses a hardship to you, you can call the Human Resources Office to request assistance before the date and time that the job opportunity you are interested in is scheduled to close.
All positions close at 5:00 p.m. Pacific Standard Time on the closing date of the position denoted on the job bulletin. Allow enough time to complete and submit your application before 5:00 pm. After 5:00 p.m., jobs will not be available for your review.
Please send us an email.
To make sure you have the best experience possible, we recommend using the most up-to-date version of one of the following browsers:
If you can’t remember your username or password for governmentjobs.com, click the “Sign-in” link in the top right hand corner of the governmentjobs.com page. A window will pop up for you to enter your username and password, under those fields there are two links: one for ForgotUsername and one for Reset Password. Both links will require the email address you used when you signed up for the account with governmentjobs.com. Once you enter your email address your user name and/or password will be sent to you by email.
Password reset emails are sent immediately, but delivery can depend on your email provider. Check your spam/junk email settings/folder if you do not receive the email. Sometimes adding the [email protected] address to your contacts resolves this issue. If the email is still is not received, contact technical support at your email service provider to determine if the reset password email is being filtered out or blocked.
If you don’t have access to the email address listed on your account, you will need to contact our applicant support team for assistance NeoGov/government jobs directly: (855) 524-5627 during business hours 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. For security reasons, the reset password email is sent only to the email address associated with your account. Our applicant support team will ask you a series of questions to verify your identity, and then update the email address on the account as appropriate.
Since we contact you about invitations to tests and the status of applications, it is important that we have your correct information.
You can update the contact information on your profile at any time. Log into your account and click on Account Settings > Edit. Any changes that you make are updated with the organization automatically. You will need the user name and password you created at the time you applied.
Please call NeoGov/government jobs directly: (855) 524-5627 during business hours 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.
Once you’ve submitted your application, you see a confirmation message that you’ve successfully applied with the organization. You are also sent a confirmation email.
Unfortunately, we are unable to check application for accuracy or completeness. Please refer to the specific job announcement for application and supporting documentation requirements and check your application carefully before submitting it.
Each recruitment is processed separately, so please follow the document submission guidelines for each application. Unfortunately, we are unable to transfer documents between job applications.
You may email them to: [email protected] prior to the closing date and time with the title of the position you are applying for in the subject line.
An Interest Card is a way for you to express interest in a position or positions that we are not currently recruiting for. Place a check in the box next to each job category for which you would like to receive email notifications, click the 'Subscribe' button, fill out the information, and then click the 'Submit' button.
For next 12 months after you submit this form, you will receive an email notification each time a position opens with the County of Napa whose category matches one of the categories you've chosen.
Being an extra help or temporary employee does not automatically lead to a permanent position with the County. You must apply and go through the regular competitive process in order to be considered for permanent employment; however, extra help and temporary employees have an opportunity to enhance their chances for being hired by taking advantage of opportunities during their assignment to learn the County systems, practices and procedures.
Probationary periods are one year for all positions.
The eligibility list is comprised of all the candidates that passed the Napa County exam process. They are placed on the list according to their score and ranking for that particular exam. Individuals are encouraged to be on as many eligible lists as possible to maximize their employment opportunity with the County.
Unfortunately, we are unable to disclose non-passing exam scores or provide feedback on exam performance.
The applicant does not provide enough detail about their work experience and duties in the Work Experience section on their application. For example, if you are applying for Automobile Mechanic, just writing “10 years as mechanic at XYZ Ford” doesn’t provide enough detail about your duties. Writing “As a mechanic at XYZ Ford dealership, I performed computerized diagnostics, repaired and replaced all components of the drive train, specialized in repairing hybrid vehicles, and did trouble-shooting of difficult electrical problems “provides enough information to assess your experience to see if it meets the Minimum Qualifications.
Required documents are not attached to the application, such as a transcript, diploma, or typing certificate. If the Job Announcement states you must attach documents to substantiate your education or certifications, your application will be rejected if you don’t.
This information is available in our position descriptions located on our website. Additionally, if we post a position vacancy, the job announcement will contain full information on both the skills typically required and the salary range of the position.
An online “Request for Testing Accommodation by Applicants with Disabilities” must be received in the Human resources Department by the final filling date of the recruitment, or (5) calendar days from application submission if the recruitment is Open & Continuous or Open until Filled. You will be contacted to discuss the request.
Napa County offers a variety of benefits to their employees. For a list of benefits, please review our Benefit Summaries.
CalPERS for all health/medical benefits, Delta Dental, VSP, PayFlex, The Hartford, Mass Mutual, and Claremont Behavioral Services.
Napa County contracts with the California Public Employees’ Retirement System (CalPERS). They can be contacted at 888/225-7377, or visit their website.
Open Enrollment is dictated by CalPERS, and usually is four weeks long. It falls from the second week in September to the end of the first week in October.
California residents with photo identification and proof of address may be issued a free library card. Those under 18 years old need a parent or guardian’s signature. Temporary cards, for those lacking proper documentation, allow checkout of 5 items.
Due dates are issued at checkout. They are printed on your receipt and available online.
If there are no holds on an item, it may be renewed twice. Library items will be automatically renewed as long as no holds have been placed on them by other library customers and they’re items that can be renewed (see auto-renewal FAQs). Manual renewals may be made at the library, by phone (707-253-4220), or online. Hot Picks are not renewable.
Return items at the library desk or book drop. If the book drops are full, please do not leave items outside. The library is not responsible for any damage to equipment caused by CDs or DVDs.
Renewing or returning items on time means faster library service. Parents or guardians are responsible for children’s materials and fines.
All items may be checked out for 21 days.
The Napa County Library is proud to no longer charge fines on overdue materials.
The services* fees include:
*Please note that not all services are available at all branches.
Books By Mail is a free service of the Napa County Library. It is offered to residents that are homebound, lack transportation, or live in rural areas of Napa County.
We will mail you any circulating book, audio book, magazine, CD or DVD that is available. You may request a specific title, author or subject.
We will check everything out to you for 3 weeks, which includes extra time for delivery from the library to you and then from you back to the library. If you need more time, you must call 707-253-4242 to renew the materials.
We will send you as many of your requests that fit into a large, reusable canvas mailbag. When you return that batch of titles in the canvas mailbag, we will send you another.
Everything will be sent via the US Postal Service to your home address in reusable canvas mailbags, with a pre-addressed and pre-paid return mailing card enclosed each time. When you are ready to return all the materials to the Library, leave the mailbag with your mail carrier or have someone take it for you to a post office. Mailbags may also be returned to any Napa County Library branch during open hours or -- if they fit -- deposited in book drops during closed hours.
Print and complete a Books by Mail application (PDF)/Solicitud para libros por correo (PDF) or contact the library:
We will mail you an application and Patron Interests form. Fill the forms out and return them to the Library. Your application will be evaluated and you will be notified of the result.
No. Auto-renew has been enabled for all Napa County Library cardholders.
Library items will be automatically renewed as long as no holds have been placed on them by other library customers and they’re items that can be renewed.
Items that are normally available for manual renewal through My Account are eligible for auto-renewal.
Hot Picks, Interlibrary Loans, and items that have reached their maximum number of renewals or are already overdue will not be auto renewed.
You will only be notified about what has been auto renewed if you receive email notifications. Change your preference for receiving library notices in My Account.
If an item can't be renewed, you will be notified of its due date if you receive email notifications. Change your preferences for receiving library notices in My Account.
No. The due date advances the appropriate amount based on the material type and the original due date. For example, if you have a book due on the 3rd, the system will send you an email two days in advance (on the 1st) letting you know that your item's due date has been extended to the 24th.
Yes. In addition to having auto-renew in place, you will still be able to renew online, by phone (707-253-4220) or in person.
The GSA formed the Groundwater Sustainability Plan Advisory Committee (GSPAC) in June 2020 to advise the GSA Board of Directors on the preparation of a Groundwater Sustainability Plan (GSP) for the Napa Valley Subbasin. There are 25 stakeholders on the GSPAC. The GSPAC is currently working with GSA staff and consultants to develop a draft GSP.
Same Day permits hours are Monday - Thursday from 8 AM - 10 AM. Please be aware that while you are here for your same day permit you will meet with all the department that are involved in your project and the process does take some time. The same day process is a popular program and there are usually other projects in here too so you can expect to be here for an hour or more to complete the process.
When you submit your building plans for plan check the average turnaround time is 28 business days until you will receive your Unified Plan Check Comment letter. Please allow this processing time before contacting us to check on your project.
After you submit your plans for plan review, your project is routed to all the departments that need to review your project. This process usually takes 28 business days until you will receive your Unified Plan Check Comment Letter. This letter will contain all corrections that need to be made to your plans in order for you to receive your approval. Please allow the 28 days prior to checking on the status.
Yes, any legal structure destroyed by fire can be rebuilt. Current building code requirements will be applied for all fire rebuilds. If you plan on expanding or relocating your structure, please check with the Planning Division on the steps needed for approval.
Yes. A Permit is required for repairs and construction pursuant to State Code (2016 California Residential Code, Section R105.1). The review of repair/rebuild permit applications will be prioritized as identified above under the Building/Construction category.
In most cases, we will close the permit and issue a new one.
Fire rebuild requirements may include additional items beyond a standard submittal including but not limited to Assessor’s records to verify your previous square footage and a suitability analysis for existing foundations which are to be incorporated into the project. Please refer to the Residential Fire Rebuild Submittal Checklist.
Development impact fees for schools and affordable housing fees do not apply to reconstruction of an existing structure with the same floor area. Impact fees may apply to additional floor area beyond the original structure, such as when a bedroom is added.
Permit processing fees,
The Planning, Building, and Environmental Services Director shall reduce fees in the following amounts for all building permits submitted after October 7, 2017, for structures damaged or destroyed in the 2017 Napa Fire Complex:
To qualify for a fee reduction, the structure must meet all of the following criteria:
Development impact fees for schools and affordable housing do not apply to reconstruction of an existing structure with the same floor area. Impact fees would apply to additional floor area beyond the original structure, such as when a bedroom is added.
All fire rebuild projects will be given first priority review, approval and/or processing. If the rebuild is deemed a residential (main, second or guest) “like for like” replacement (up to 125% of the original livable/habitable square footage with no increase in the number of legal bedrooms and in close proximity to the original footprint), it will qualify for the 7 business day expedited processing. First correction comments and/or approval will be issued within 7 business days and subsequent reviews will be provided within 7 business days as well. All other fire rebuild projects will be given priority processing in either the quick permit or standard permit category depending on the project.
Standard non-fire related projects will not be affected by accommodating fire related projects because the Board of Supervisors authorized additional resources to accommodate the increased workloads. Standard plan review timelines will continue to be met on non-fire related projects.
All fire rebuild projects will be given first priority for review, approval, and/or processing. If the rebuild is deemed to be a like for like replacement (equal to or less than 125% of the original gross square footage and located within or in close proximity to the original footprint), first correction comments or approval will be issued within 7 days. Subsequent reviews with be provided within 7 days.
No. If you choose to build up to 125% of the original home square footage and within the original footprint vicinity, then the fire rebuild will be considered a like-for-like replacement and certain development standards will not be triggered. However, adding square footage could result in additional assessed value above the Proposition 13 base year value of the destroyed residence. (contact the Assessor Division at [email protected] or 707-253-4467 for more information)
Primary residence replacement shall be allowed up to 125% of the original home gross square footage and within or in close proximity to the original footprint vicinity. Close proximity will be discretionarily determined by County staff. For second dwellings and guest houses, the 125% rule is also applicable as long as the increased square footage does not exceed the maximum allowed 1,200 net square feet (second dwelling) and 1,000 net square feet (guest house). Please refer to the planning department regarding non-conforming structures or other structure types.
Yes. The code in effect now is the 2016 California Residential Code, as amended and adopted by Napa County.
It depends on the design of the home. At a minimum, a simple home design will require a designer, and energy consultant. More complex designs will require a licensed design professional including but not limited to an architect, a civil or structural engineer, a geotechnical engineer, and an energy consultant.
Yes, you will need to do Energy Calculations and you will need to comply with the provision of CALGreen. For more information, refer to the Napa County Residential Fire Rebuild Submittal Checklist.
No (applies to all homes in Napa County). For more information, visit Bay Area Air Quality Control District Wood-burning Device Regulations. See Bay Area Air District requirements for rebuilding fireplaces bulletin for additional information.
Yes, these standards do apply within the State Responsibility Area. For more information, consult the County for determination of properties within the WUI area.
Applicants that wish to use the existing foundation system must have a “suitability analysis” of the existing foundation performed by a registered civil or structural engineer. This analysis shall state that the engineer has visited the site and investigated the condition of the existing building elements. It shall also state that the remaining foundation is suitable for the support of the new structure, and that all under-slab utility systems (such as drain, waste, vent, water, mechanical, electrical, etc.) are suitable for continued use. Electrical conduits may remain but all under-slab electrical conductors must be replaced. See below as to what testing methods may be utilized to demonstrate the suitability of the existing foundation for the proposed rebuild.
Commonly Used Concrete Forensic Testing Methods for Damaged Concrete:
Nondestructive tests are used for three primary reasons:
Typical applications of nondestructive testing are:
Typical nondestructive tests methods:
Nondestructive tests are usually confirmed by obtaining core samples.
Yes, provided the new foundation does not rely on the structural integrity of the old foundation.
Yes, all new and replacement dwellings inclusive of single family residences and second dwellings, but not guest houses, will require fire sprinklers. However, if less than 50% of the original home requires replacement due to fire damage and the existing home is not sprinklered, then the rebuild will not be considered a total replacement and sprinklers will not be required.
Yes, you need a licensed fire protection contractor to design and install the sprinkler system. For more information, visit Contractor license classifications.
Napa County will not require driveway entrance or private road upgrades for rebuilds due to the fire if both of the following criteria can be met:
Consult with fire and engineering divisions for additional information.
Yes. This is required in all areas of the County (regardless of zones).
Yes, the County will require evidence of a legal parcel and the approved previous gross square footage(s) prior to the issuance of a new building permit. See the Napa County Residential Fire Rebuild Submittal Checklist.
If a homeowner wishes to reconstruct structures in approximately the pre-fire footprint, with minor additional grading then a grading permit in most cases will not be required. Consult the Engineering Division (See the County Grading Ordinance and site erosion control Best Management Practices (BMPs) for site stabilization methods.)
Yes, please see the Installing a Temporary Trailer After a Disaster handout for more information.
Contact the Napa County Fire Marshal’s office to have your roadway/driveway evaluated. Every roadway/driveway is required to be evaluated to ensure it was not a contributing factor in delaying first responders from accessing the residence. It will also be inspected to make sure it is safe for your evacuation during a disaster. To have your driveway evaluated call 707-299-1464.
The California Fire Code requires all new residential structures to have fire sprinklers installed. Other structures are evaluated on size and use of the building. For specific questions on non-residential structures call the Napa County Fire Marshal’s office at 707-299-1464.
Please refer to the Napa County Fire Marshal’s Rebuild Guidelines at https://www.countyofnapa.org/391/Fire-Marshals-Office
The primary purpose of the Code Compliance Program is to work effectively with landowners to ensure the maintenance of public health and safety and protection of the environment. The Program establishes a limited-term, voluntary process for landowners to apply for new use permits or modifications to resolve existing violations. After the established deadline, owners who are in violation will be required to come into immediate compliance with their existing legal entitlements, and remain in compliance for at least one year before the County will consider changes to their use permit.
No, the Code Compliance program applies to all permits on any parcel in the unincorporated area. While winery and vineyard operations are a part of the Code Compliance consideration, all uses requiring a permit are also subject to the Code Compliance program.
The first step is to review your use permit. To obtain a copy of your use permit, you may visit the Napa County Department of Planning Building and Environmental Services located at 1195 3rd Street, Second Floor or call (707) 253-4417. If you identify violations of the use permit, you must voluntarily apply to remedy the violations by 2:00 PM on March 29, 2019.
Landowners may schedule an appointment to review their permit with the Napa County Planning, Building and Environmental Services Department and apply for a “status determination.” A status determination is a review of the existing entitlements and clarifies what they allow. If a status determination application is submitted prior to 2:00 pm on March 29, 2019, and based on the staff response the owner determines that there may be a violation, the deadline to submit a use permit or modification application will be extended by the time needed to process the status determination application, not to exceed 120 days.
The deadline for all landowners who wish to voluntarily apply for a use permit or use permit modification to remedy their violations is 2:00 pm on March 29, 2019. Qualified use permit or modification applications must be substantially conforming and must be received by the Planning, Building, and Environmental Services (PBES) Department by the deadline. A “substantially conforming” application must include a substantially complete set of the documents required in the application checklist, and information responsive to the requirements. A “substantially conforming” application need not include technical studies where the applicant demonstrates that studies could not be completed by the deadline due to seasonal conditions or other extenuating circumstances. All excluded technical studies must be submitted as soon as possible, not to exceed 120 days from the deadline. Applicants must make a good faith effort to make the application as complete as possible.
Within 30 days of the submittal of a substantially conforming application (see definition above), County staff will schedule and conduct a compliance inspection of each property for which an application was received pursuant to this program. The inspection would verify the violations that the applicant was requesting to correct in the application and the existence of health and safety violations. Upon verification of violation(s), staff will send a Notice of Violation to the owner, which will clearly list the verified violations and any health and safety violations determined through the inspection, and will describe how the owner can come into compliance. The owner must abate those violations that pose an immediate threat to public health, safety, and/or threaten the environment, before the application can be deemed complete.
No, owners who submit an application for any new or modified permit by the above deadline would continue to be subject to penalties for constructing improvements without a Building Permit.
An application for a Use Permit or Use Permit Modification will follow the planning division’s regular process. Applications will be processed in the order they are received. Depending on the complexity of your application, processing can take from 2 months (Very Minor Modifications) to 4-months (Minor Modifications), or to 1 year or more to process a new use permit or a Use Permit Major Modification. Times may vary depending on the amount of applications received and the completeness of the application.
The status determination process will assist you in determining if your current business operation is in or out of compliance. If you find you are out of compliance, you have the choice to apply for the necessary permits to bring the business into compliance or reduce your business operations to comply with your existing permit levels.
It will depend on the complexity and information availability. The Board resolution allows for a maximum of 120 days to process an application, but staff will complete most determinations within 30 days.
A status determination requires a minimum deposit of $1,500 based on an hourly fee. Depending on the complexity of the historical permitting on the property, the cost could be less or more.
No. The status determination is simply a review and acknowledgment of your existing vested rights, use permits and use permit modifications. However, a status determination may be appealed pursuant to County Code Chapter 2.88.
No. The status determination does not approve any additional uses or entitlements; it is simply a review and acknowledgment of your existing legal entitlements and/or permissible uses of your property.
If you provide a complete application by the March 29, 2019 deadline, you will be able to continue your existing operations barring any health and safety issues. If staff discover any health and safety issues during the site inspection, the property owner will be required to address those issues immediately. If the life safety issues are significant, this may affect continued operations.
If a property owner does not apply for voluntarily compliance by March 29, 209, immediate compliance with legal entitlements and all applicable County Code requirements will be required. Owners of properties with health and safety or significant violations shall be required to operate within their existing legal entitlements for one year from the date of the initial Notice of Violation, absent extraordinary circumstances, before a use permit or modification application to remedy the violation(s) may be submitted to PBES. Owners may also be subject to fines or penalties for past and ongoing violations. Owners may submit a use permit or modification application to remedy violation(s) during the one-year period while they operate within their legal entitlements, but only if they agree in writing that their legal entitlements or their existing legal operations, whichever is lower, shall be used as the environmental baseline for all CEQA analysis related to the application. Public hearings for such use permit or modification applications shall not be scheduled until the owner has operated within legal entitlements for one year from the date of the Initial Notice of Violation, absent extraordinary circumstance.
For additional information or to discuss specific questions, please call (707) 253-4417.
For instructions on how to submit a new application, please review information provided on the PBES Website for the appropriate division.
Due to demand and limited staffing please allow for a response within one to two (1-2) business days. The permit center is operating on a limited basis due to the current health concerns related to the COVID-19 virus. We thank you for your understanding during this time as we continue our efforts to serve the community. If you have questions please call (707) 253-4417.
Please send an email to the division for which you need to resubmit at the email addresses included (below). Include the permit number and most recent staff contact with whom you worked. You will be contacted by a representative of that division with instructions on how to resubmit. We are trying to conduct as much business as we can electronically so you may be instructed to email documents in or you may be provided with a link to the County Cloud with instructions on how to upload your resubmittal.
Yes, meetings and appointments can be scheduled with staff via Zoom or by conference call.
To comply with current health orders, we have implemented a variety of COVID-19 Prevention Protocols, including modifications to our public counter operations and submittal processes. We encourage interacting with us virtually, whenever possible, in order to keep the community we serve and our staff safe during this time. Please use the PBES Website to find information, forms and resources for services provided. If you are having trouble locating the information you need on our Website, please use the search feature for the topic you are interested in or contact us via email or phone before coming in to the office. We are happy to help you find the information you need.
The staff person that responds to your email will discuss payment options with you. To make a payment with credit card, cash or check you will either need your application/permit number or an invoice ID (depending on the work being submitted). Your staff member will assist you with the most efficient way to handle your particular request. Any questions can be directed to the applicable division at:
Many files are readily available on the PBES web page under electronic document retrieval.
If you need to review files that are not available online, please email the division for which you are requesting files and include the Assessor’s Parcel Number, Permit Number and Address. You will be provided a response with instructions specific to your request. Email addresses for each division are:
In order to minimize exposure to COVID-19 for staff and the public, approved Erosion Control Plans will be mailed.
Yes. There are several ways applicants may submit plans and applications depending upon the type and size of the application. Please email environmental with details about the project and what you are trying to submit. You will then be provided with directions on how to upload files, email documents, drop off plans and/or submit directly to Environmental Health staff by appointment depending upon the specific situation and application type. The application will be entered into the database by Environmental Health staff and the applicant will be notified of the permit/application number by email. The applicant will then be able to call the office to pay the application/permit fee over the phone, mail a check or pay in person when the permit is picked up. Please be advised, a process for applying for well permits and paying for site evaluations online is currently available and will remain in use. Applicants are encouraged to utilize this system for those types of applications. Please visit, the Online Permit Center to login or to create an account.
Yes, you may however as with all other submittals due to reduced staffing the review timelines will be longer. Please see the item above for septic and well permits for information on how to submit these plans. In general, same process applies; email environmental with the nature of your request and someone will get back to you on the most efficient way for you to submit and pay for your plans.
In the event a structure(s) is destroyed by a disaster, the reconstruction or repair of legally constructed residential, commercial or industrial structure(s) may find relief from the Napa County Road and Street Standards provided the following conditions are met:
If all provisions above cannot be met, then the reconstruction of the existing structure shall be considered new construction and shall be subject to these Standards accordingly.
You can use an older set of plans or visit the County of Napa Assessor’s office to find information to provide proof of the previous existing square footage of your home.
(New main dwelling square footage) divided by the (Previous main dwelling square footage) must be less than or equal to 100% in order to receive relief from the Road and Street Standards.
The Grading Permit Application and Floodplain Management Application is submitted to 1195 Third Street Napa, CA 94558 Suite 201 to the Engineering Division.
The Winter Shutdown period is between October 15th and April 1st. The Winter Shutdown period applies to all grading and earthmoving activities on slopes greater than 5-percent within the County and on properties within sensitive domestic supply watershed.
For properties within sensitive domestic watersheds, the Winter Shutdown Period begins on September 15th.
You can look up your property at on our ArcGIS FEMA Flood Map.
If you plan to build anywhere within the floodplain, you will need to a Floodplain Management Permit Application found in our Engineering Documents.
The Special Flood Hazard Area (SFHA) is defined by FEMA as the area that will be inundated by the flood event having a 1-percent chance of being equaled or exceeded in any given year (sometimes called the “100-year” flood). Flood-hazard maps or flood insurance rate maps (FIRMs) have been created by FEMA to show the flooding risk for your community, which help determine the cost of flood insurance. The lower the degree of risk, the lower the flood insurance premium. Properties in the SFHA may be subject to the mandatory flood insurance purchase requirements of the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP). You can contact the Engineering Division for FEMA flood zone information. They can be reached by phone at 707-253-4417, by email at [email protected], or in person at Suite 201 at the County of Napa Administration Building.
It depends on the reason for the change in flood zone. If a property owner thinks their property has been inadvertently mapped in a Special Flood Hazard Area or is now out of the flood zone due to elevating the structure or another reason, they may submit a request to FEMA for a Letter of Map Change or Amendment (LOMA). The requirements of the LOMA depend upon the reason for the requested change in flood zone and may require the applicant to hire a licensed surveyor or engineer.
If the request is granted, property owners may be eligible for lower flood insurance premiums, or the option to not purchase flood insurance.
If an elevation certificate is required to support the change in flood zone, the elevations must be certified by a Registered Professional Engineer or Licensed Land Surveyor.
A Letter of Map Change (LOMC) reflects an official revision/amendment to an effective Flood Insurance Rate Map. If the LOMC request is granted, property owners may be eligible for lower flood insurance premiums, or the option to not purchase flood insurance.
A Letter of Map Amendment (LOMA) is a letter from FEMA stating that an existing structure or parcel of land that is on naturally high ground and has not been elevated by fill, would not be inundated by the base flood. Applicants can now use the Online LOMC, an Internet-based tool, to easily request a Letter of Map Amendment. The Online LOMC tool is available to any applicant who would like to submit a LOMC request directly to FEMA and does not require a surveyor or engineer to submit.
A Letter of Map Amendment-Out As Shown (LOMA-OAS) is a determination made by FEMA for the property and/or buildings as to whether it is located with the SFHA. Only use this method if it is clear, visually, that the structure is not in the SFHA. Instructions are available online.
Plans are initially taken-in and processed by the County’s Department of Planning, Building and Environmental Services. Once received, review and comments are usually returned within 28 days and then 7 days with every subsequent review.
If your concern is regarding street flooding, contact the Roads Division at (707) 944-0196. If your concern is related to flooding in an existing creek, please contact the Flood Control Division at (707) 259-8600 and ask to speak to someone in the Floodplain Management Section.
The grading permit bond is released when the inspector has signed off the grading permit and all work to be done with the grading plan is complete.
An encroachment permit is required any time work is to be done within the County right-of-way, public easement, and storm drain setbacks.
Contractors State License Board at 1-(800) 321-CSLB or www.cslb.ca.gov.
You may call Code Compliance phone line at (707) 257-1347 to file a complaint. When filing a complaint, please provide us with the valid property address and the type of work being done.
The post-fire landscape is especially susceptible to stormwater runoff-related hazards such as landslides, debris flow, flooding, and rockfall. Fire destroys vegetation and root systems that provide stability to the soil. Fire damage may also create hydrophobic soils, which could concentrate runoff into slopes that may already be prone to failure.
It is property owner’s responsibility to control stormwater runoff from their property. Property owners and contractors on burned lots and rebuild sites must take action to prevent pollutants, including sediment, from entering storm drains, creeks, rivers, and wetlands.
Property owners should evaluate their property for potential hazard areas and install erosion and sediment control Best Management Practices (BMPs) as required. The Napa County Debris and Ash Removal Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan will help you evaluate your property and choose BMPs.
BMP materials such as wattles, mulch, and silt fencing, are available for purchase at various agriculture, garden supply and hardware stores. BMPs are used to minimize erosion and control sediment to keep pollutants from entering storm drains and our natural water bodies like creeks and rivers.
Visit Napa County’s Watershed Recovery page for more information and resources.
Property owners should evaluate their property for potential hazard areas and install erosion and sediment control Best Management Practices (BMPs) as required. The Napa County Debris and Ash Removal Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan will help you evaluate your property and choose BMPs. BMP materials such as wattles, mulch, and silt fencing, are available for purchase at various agriculture, garden supply and hardware stores. BMPs are used to minimize erosion and control sediment to keep pollutants from entering storm drains and our natural water bodies like creeks and rivers.
Visit Napa County’s Watershed Recovery page for more information and resources.
Wildland fires are inevitable in the western United States. Expansion of human development into forested areas has created a situation where wildfires can adversely affect lives and property, as can the flooding and landslides that occur in the aftermath of the fires. Wildfires change the landscape, destroying root structure and creating top soil that could repel water instead of absorbing it.
Post-fire landslide hazards include fast-moving, highly destructive debris flows that can occur in the years immediately after wildfires in response to high intensity rainfall events, and those flows that are generated over longer time periods accompanied by root decay and loss of soil strength. Post-fire debris flows are particularly hazardous because they can occur with little warning, can exert great impulsive loads on objects in their paths, and can strip vegetation, block drainage ways, damage structures, and endanger human life. Wildfires could potentially result in the destabilization of pre-existing deep-seated landslides over long time periods.
Flood After Fire - Video from the Department of Water Resources
Intense forest and shrub land fires can burn soil organic matter, reducing the pool of nutrients in the soil, soil aeration and water infiltration/retention, and the soil’s ability to hold nutrients from organic material, ash, or fertilizer.
Hydrophobic soils form an impermeable crust and do not absorb moisture. When water falls on the soil, it will runoff or pond on the surface.
In severe, slow-moving fires, the natural litter layer burns and creates a gas that penetrates the soil layers. As the soil cools, the gas condenses and forms a waxy coating. This causes the soil to repel water - a phenomena called hydrophobicity. This hydrophobic condition increases the rate of water runoff. Less water percolates into the soil profile, making it difficult for seeds to germinate and for the roots of surviving plants to obtain moisture.
You can do a quick test to see if you have hydrophobic soils by scraping away the upper ash layer until you reach the mineral soil surface. Place a drop of water on the surface and wait at least one minute. If the water beads up, then the soil is hydrophobic. Often the upper few inches of soil are not hydrophobic and it may be necessary to go down 1/2 to 1 inch and repeat the test to find the hydrophobic layer.
A flash flood is a rapid flooding of low-lying areas in less than six hours, which can be caused by intense rainfall. Flash floods are known to roll boulders, tear out trees, and destroy buildings and bridges.
A debris flow is a fast-moving mass of material -- slurries of water, rock, soil, vegetation, and even boulders and trees - that moves downhill by sliding, flowing, and/or falling. Debris flows range from a few square yards to hundreds of acres in area, and from a few inches to 50 feet deep. Even smaller debris flows can be locally dangerous. Imagine trying to walk through a 3-inch deep mass of wet concrete moving at 30mph.
Mudflows are rivers of liquid and flowing mud on the surface of normally dry land, often caused by a combination of brush loss and subsequent heavy rains. Mudflows can develop when water saturates the ground, such as from rapid snowmelt or heavy or long periods of rainfall, causing a thick, liquid, downhill flow of earthen material. Mudflows are covered by flood insurance but are different from other non-covered earth movements where there is not flowing characteristic - such as landslides or slope failures.
Debris flows can take homes off of their foundations and can carry things like vegetation, trees, large boulders, and vehicles. Mudflows on the other hand are made of water and soil, and although they are more unlikely to move heavy objects than debris flows, both are fast moving and dangerous.
In a landslide, masses of rock, earth, or debris move down a slope. Debris and mud flows are rivers of rock, earth, and other debris saturated with water. While landslides may require lengthy rain events and saturated slopes, a debris flow can start on a dry slope after only a few minutes of intense rain.
Debris flows and mudslides are among the most numerous and dangerous types of landslides in the world. They are particularly dangerous to life and property due to high speeds and the sheer destructive force of flow.
Debris flow and landslides may occur in areas where surface runoff is channelized, such as along roadways and below culverts. Debris flows commonly begin in swales or other depressions on steep slopes, making areas downslope from swales particularly hazardous.
Flooding and debris flow can occur during storm events. The potential for debris flow can occur in and below areas where fire has denuded the slope and altered the characteristics of the topsoil. The extent and amount of flows will depend on the rainfall intensity and duration of the storm event, and on how much vegetation has regrown. The Watershed Emergency Response Team identifies risks by modeling a storm event with 0.25" of precipitation over 15 minutes.
Post-fire runoff flows can be highly destructive and can move large quantities of soil, rocks, brush, and trees which can cause property damage, block streets, and endanger occupants of structures. It can take four to five years for the burn area vegetation to significantly recover, and about ten years to fully recover.
High intensity storms may cause hazardous conditions. The Watershed Emergency Response Team identifies hazards by modeling a 0.25 inch in 15 minutes (or 1 inch per hour) storm event.
Monitor Napa OneRain for precipitation and stream monitoring data for early warnings of potentially hazardous storms.
After a fire and before and during the rainy season, property owners in impacted areas should examine their properties and be aware of the following landslide warning signs:
For more information, visit the USGS landslide preparedness page.
Wildfire damages the forest environment in several ways: it can kill trees outright, especially young trees; it may damage portions of the bark and kill the underlying cambium tissue, making the tree susceptible to insect or disease attack’ by destroying needles and leaves, wildfire retards tree growth and vigor; and fire can damage the soil directly or make it more susceptible to erosion.
There are many things to consider when deciding whether or not trees impacted by the fire should be removed. The first step should be to determine if the trees pose a health and safety hazard. To determine the hazard and health of trees impacted by the fire, contact a certified arborist or RPF to assess tree health. You may also contact RCD or NRCS to conduct a site assessment and provide additional guidance. Trees that pose a health and safety hazard, particularly in areas adjacent to or in proximity structures, should be removed.
Only trees that have determined by and arborist, and RPF or qualified professional that have been determined to be dead as a result of the fire may be removed. However, dead vegetation and their remaining roots systems continue to have value and provide protection from soil erosion and habitat and cover to wildlife. Please note that tree and vegetation removal within and near streams may require permits from the California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW).
Most evergreen or conifer trees in the County are considered commercial timberland by the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection (CalFire). These typically include Douglas fir, redwood, and ponderosa pine. Please contact Kim Sone, Unit Forester, at [email protected] or (707) 576-2344 for information and permit requirements related to the removal of timberland on your property.
Tree removal associated with a new vineyard, winery, or other project may be subject to additional approvals from Napa County. Allowed uses vary according to zoning, slopes, and other factors. New vineyards on slopes over 5% require an Agricultural Erosion Control Plan (ECPA), as detailed in the Water Quality and Tree Protection Ordinance Implementation Guide.
The Napa County Resource Conservation District (RCD) has many staff members and helpful resources for landowners whose property burned and are looking for guidance on how to manage vegetation going into the winter and on a long-term basis. Their Post-Fire Website includes brochures regarding burned woodland, hazard trees, and tree removal. The RCD also offers site assessments to provide guidance regarding the installation of erosion control measures and the potential benefits of leaving trees in place. To schedule a site visit with the RCD, contact Bill Birmingham, RCD Conservation Program Manager, at [email protected] or (707) 252-4188.
The USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) is another potential resource and can provide landowners financial assistance through their Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) and Farm Services Agency (FSA) programs. NRCS may also be able to offer advice on preventing erosion, covering and protecting exposed soil, directing water away from vulnerable areas and more. The local NRCS contact is Contact Wendy Rash, District Conservationist for Napa & Vacaville offices at [email protected] or Napa Office telephone (707) 252-4189 and Vacaville (707) 448-0106 ext. 111 for more information, or visit the NRCS Post-Fire Disaster Assistance website.
All residents who live on or below hillsides - especially in areas impacted by recent wildfires - should be aware that the rainy season increases the possibility of potentially dangerous debris flows, mudflows, or landslides. Additionally, your property may receive sediment via runoff from upslope properties. Keep an eye on drainage pathways and infrastructure on your property, like channels, storm drain inlets or culverts, for sediment loading.
You can prepare yourself and your property by making sure that water can flow freely around your structure. That means clearing debris from any culverts or ravines that can help direct rainwater away from your residents. Channels, diversion barriers, and deflection walls can help to redirect flows. These must be installed carefully so that they don’t redirect the flow towards structures, foundations, or unstable slopes. Sandbags are a good temporary solution as they can slow the momentum of smaller mudslides. Other actions you may consider:
The purpose of the advice is to assist property owners in identifying risks and hazards, as well as site-specific emergency protection measures and erosion and sediment control treatments to protect their properties and our watersheds from mud and debris flows. The Engineering division is available to answer any questions, provide general advice and guidance, and conduct hazard assessment for potential risks to life and property.
Napa County is happy to provide advice and guidance to all residents of Napa County with concerns about post-fire impacts. Napa County is working to notify the owners of the properties with identified risks, since protection of the property is ultimately the owner’s responsibility. In cases where a fire has occurred right before or during the rainy season, Napa County may seek assistance from occupants in contacting the property owner and/or property manager to expedite assistance.
If you occupy a property that is owned by the U.S. Forest Service, protection measures are under the Forest Service’s authority and responsibility. Please contact the Pacific Southwest Region National Forest District Office at (707) 562-8737 for assistance.
No. Napa County is not authorized to expend public funds to perform work on private property.
You can retain a contractor to help install erosion control measures on your property. If you do not wish to hire a contractor, you can also look into inquiring at local volunteer organizations in your area, such as Boy Scouts of America troops, religious groups, etc. For guidance on the installation of erosion and sediment control treatments, visit Napa County’s post-fire erosion control page here.
Removal of debris from private property is the responsibility of the property owner. For more information on clearing debris, ash, and other hazardous materials, visit the Napa County post-fire debris removal page.
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The first three mean an offender is on probation to the Court without the supervision of the probation officer. A person on formal probation is an offender in which the Court has suspended imposition of sentence to prison and ordered the offender placed under the supervision of the Probation Officer.
The law prohibits the Probation Department from disclosing this information to you. You may contact Child Support Services for assistance in obtaining child support.
The law prohibits the Probation Department from disclosing this information to you as a general rule. If the department determines an offender is a threat to your personal safety, you may be advised of this threat. Megan’s Law determines that you may learn the identity of sex offenders within your neighborhood through the Sheriff’s Office or Police Departments.
No. The department does not drug test anyone who is not under the Probation Departments’ supervision; most often there is a Court order authorizing testing.
1125 Third Street2nd FloorNapa, CA 94559
When convicted of a crime, the law says the person convicted will be punished by serving a period of incarceration in the State Prison or County Jail. However, rather than serving this custody time the Court may choose to offer probation to a person (also called a defendant) convicted of a crime. If the convicted person/defendant agrees to probation the Court will order certain conditions, which can include serving some time in jail, completing a treatment program, or paying restitution to the victim of the crime.
In certain cases the Court orders a defendant to serve time in prison or county jail but then suspends that sentence on the condition that the defendant successfully complete probation. If the defendant is successful on probation, they will not have to serve the suspended sentence. If the defendant violates probation, the suspended sentence can be imposed.
The Court usually instructs a defendant to report to the Probation Department immediately after being sentenced or released from jail. This means that a defendant will often be reporting to Probation before a PO has been assigned. When a defendant reports after court he/she will complete the paperwork required to set up their probation case with the Officer of the Day. Normally within 14 days the defendant will be contacted by their new PO. If after about 14 days, there has been no contact from the Probation Officer, the defendant should contact the Probation Department. There are occasionally circumstances that may cause case assignment to be delayed.
The length of probation supervision is determined by the Court. Typically probation grants are for three to five years.
This is a condition of probation that can be ordered by the Court. This condition allows a probation or law enforcement officer to search a defendant's person or personal property, as described in the court order, without first obtaining a search warrant. If contraband is found, it can be seized and used as evidence in a probation violation or new law violation. A violation can also result if a defendant who has been ordered by the court to 'submit to search and seizure' refuses to allow the search of his or her property.
It depends on the specifics of your case. You should discuss this with your assigned Probation Officer at your scheduled office visit.
Anyone convicted of a felony offense cannot own a firearm. According to California Penal Code Section 29800(a)(1), it is a felony for any person convicted of a felony to be in possession of a firearm. Additionally, anyone who has been convicted of certain misdemeanor offenses cannot own or possess a firearm for a period of 10 years pursuant to Penal Code Section 28905.
The Probation Officer or the Court may allow a defendant to live in a different county. However, approval must be given prior to leaving Napa County. If given permission to live outside the county, the case must be transferred to the defendant's county of residence if it has been established that the defendant will reside there for the duration of the grant of probation. Once the case has been transferred, it will be under the jurisdiction of the defendant's county of residence and the defendant will be assigned to a Probation Officer in that county.
Travel to a different state is allowed only with the prior approval of the Probation Officer. Anyone who wishes to move permanently to a different state must complete an application for Probation for Interstate Transfer and Supervision. Only when the application has been approved by both the sending and receiving states will the defendant be given permission to move permanently.
Your attorney can help you with this process. Penal Code Sections 1203.4 and 1203.4(a) allows certain individuals who have successfully completed probation to petition the court for a certificate of rehabilitation, pardon, or dismissal. The petition will set the plea/verdict aside. The individual will still need to disclose the conviction when responding to direct questions in an application for public office, for licensure by any state or local agency, and for contracting with the California State Lottery.
Generally, reports in adult matters may be inspected or copied through the Clerk of the Court by any person for a period of 60 days from the sentencing date. The Court can also authorize copies be given to persons who petition the court after this 60 day period.
Convictions for certain crimes require a minimum period of time on probation. A person on probation who wishes to have their case considered for early termination should contact their attorney. If they are eligible they can request that a court hearing be scheduled. Typically to be considered by the Court or Probation the defendant must have completed at least half of their court-ordered probationary period, completed all requirements of probation such as treatment programs and community service work, have all fines, fees and restitution paid in full and not have any negative law enforcement contact for a period of at least one year.
Due to confidentiality issues, Probation does not release this information to the public. The Probation Department can accept information from the public to assist in supervising cases and effectively protecting the community. Crime victims are allowed access to certain information, such as restitution payments, and current probation status of the defendant.
County probation is a sentence ordered by a Superior Court Judge. It allows the convicted person to live in their community, sometimes under the supervision of a County Probation Officer, for a specified period of time. Violation of probation terms, or commission of a new law violation while on probation, can result in local jail time or a sentence to state prison. State Parole is the conditional release of a prison inmate after serving part, or all, of a prison sentence. Parolees are released to live in their community under the supervision of a state parole officer. Violation of the terms and conditions of parole may result in revocation and return to prison.
A third category of offenders are not on either probation or parole. Those are the offenders sentenced under AB109 legislation (Adult Prison Realignment). Some of these offenders have received a split sentence (serving a portion of their incarceration in the county jail and the remainder of their sentence under the supervision of the Probation Officer). Others have been released from State Prison, but due to the offense for which they were incarcerated, they are supervised by Probation Officers instead of State Parole Officers. That category of offenders is called Post-Release Community Supervision (PRCS). Both are subject to terms and conditions of release with which they are required to abide or be returned to custody.
If you are subject to supervision by the Probation Department, referrals to appropriate mental health or substance abuse counseling can be made by your Probation Officer.
The investigating Probation Officer will contact you by mail, e-mail or telephone. You may also call the Probation Department and someone will be glad to answer questions you may have.
According to California Penal Code Section 1203(b)(1), if a person is convicted of a felony and is eligible for probation, before judgment is pronounced, the court shall immediately refer the matter to a probation officer to investigate and report to the court, at a specific time, upon the circumstances surrounding the crime and the prior history and record of the person, which may be considered either in aggravation or mitigation of the punishment.
The Probation Department submits a recommendation to the Court for sentencing based on various factors, including the law, severity of the offense, prior criminal history, acknowledgement of wrongdoing, remorse, attitude and cooperation, social history, public safety, etc. Plea agreements are considered, but an investigating Probation Officer's evaluation may lead them to a different recommendation to the Court.
Please bring the following items to your pre-sentence interview:
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The police report will be forwarded to the Probation Department. Based on what is in the police report, the Probation Department will decide what the next steps will be. Some options are to have the case handled informally or to request a petition be filed by the District Attorney and that the minor go to Court. The Probation Department can decide to keep a youth in Juvenile Hall or release them to a parent or guardian. If a petition is filed by the District Attorney, a Deputy Probation Officer will be assigned to do an investigation and write a report to the Court with recommendations.
The Probation Department cannot give any legal advice. There is a Public Defender’s Office, where someone is available to speak to you. The phone number for the Public Defender’s Office is (707) 253-4442.
The Probation Department does not have the authority to release police reports. To obtain a copy, go to the Police Department that made the arrest. They will determine when or if the police report can be released to you. You may also submit a request to the Court that the Police Department release the report.
Youth are released to a parent or guardian or kept at Juvenile Hall based on the seriousness of the crime, their criminal history, and other information regarding whether or not they pose a threat to the community or are at risk of not showing up at their next Court date. The Probation Department only makes recommendations to the Court. It is the Judge’s decision to determine how long youth will stay in custody and under what conditions they will be released. The Judge will consider the seriousness of the offense, if there have been previous contacts with law enforcement agencies, and how likely the youth is to appear for their next court date, among other things.
Parents are responsible for paying all restitution. Even if there is more than one defendant responsible, each defendant is jointly and severally responsible to make sure the victim(s) is/are compensated.
Just you and your child. Both parents are not necessary, but are encouraged to attend. Have your child dress appropriately for Court. Jeans, sweats, t-shirts, shorts and other casual attire are not appropriate. The Judge prefers professional attire. Arrive early so you have some time to speak with someone from the Public Defender’s Office. Put together a list of questions ahead of time to save time and to make sure you get all of your questions answered. Do not bring food, drink, or cell phones. They will not be allowed in the Court area.
There will be a lot of wait time. Plan enough time off from work. Your first court date is called a Detention Hearing. At this Court appearance, you will be notified of the charges your child is facing. After Court, you will be asked to make contact with a Deputy Probation Officer, who will begin to gather information for their report to the Court.
The second court date is called Jurisdictional Hearing. This is when the Courts attempt to resolve cases without going to trial. The Deputy Probation Officer will have completed a report with recommendations to the Court. The District Attorney, your child’s Attorney, a Deputy Probation Officer, and the Judge will attempt to come to an agreement. If you, your child and your child’s Attorney are satisfied with the recommendation, your child will be asked if they admit to the charges and then the petition will be “sustained,” which means the charge has been determined by the Court to be true. In Adult Court, someone is convicted, but with a juvenile, the charges are sustained. If you, your child or your child’s Attorney are not satisfied with the recommendation or assert that your child is not guilty of the charges, then the case can be held for a Contested Jurisdictional Hearing.
At a Contested Jurisdictional Hearing evidence is presented and witnesses are questioned. Based on the evidence presented, the Judge (Juvenile Courts do not have juries) will make a determination of innocence or guilt. If the petition is sustained, the Court may impose Court Orders at that time or continue the matter for a Dispositional Hearing. The Probation Officer will also prepare a report and make recommendations for that hearing, which the Judge will consider and then make the appropriate Court Orders.
No. Juvenile Hall does not accept youth who have not been charged with a crime. Only those youth who have committed a crime and are seen as a danger to society or a flight risk are detained.
Your child must be at least 16 years old and have committed a very serious offense as defined in the California Penal Code to be charged as an adult. The District Attorney considers the degree of criminal sophistication, the youth’s potential for rehabilitation, previous criminal history, whether the youth responded to previous attempts at rehabilitation, and the circumstances and gravity of the present offense.
Some offenses that would be considered as serious offenses include the following or attempting the following; murder, arson, robbery, sex offenses involving force or fear, kidnapping, torture, mayhem, carjacking, voluntary manslaughter, escape by means of force or violence, or crimes that involve the use of a weapon or result in great bodily injury.
Your child’s Deputy Probation Officer should be in touch with you in a timely manner to set up an initial meeting. Based on the seriousness of the crime and the needs of the child and family, your child will be assigned to a Deputy Probation Officer in a particular unit. The amount of intervention will be based on the status and conditions of probation ordered by the Judge.
You can expect your child to be contacted at school. In most cases, you can also expect Deputy Probation Officers to make home visits. If search and seizure is imposed, they may search your child’s room and all common areas of your residence (all areas the child has access to). Deputy Probation Officers may do this on their own, with another Deputy Probation Officer, and/or with local Police Officers and/or the Gang Task Force. The frequency and type of contact will be based on the level of supervision that meets the needs of the child, in an effort to prevent continued criminal or delinquent behavior.
If chemical testing orders are imposed, your child may be tested for the use of drugs and alcohol. You and/or your child may be required to attend programs and treatment. There could be additional Court dates to check on the status of your child’s performance on probation.
The Deputy Probation Officer assigned to your child after disposition will contact you when assigned your child’s case. Prior to that, you may contact the Juvenile Probation Department at 707-253-4361 and the receptionist will assist you. Keep in mind that this information is confidential and the staff may want reassurance that you are entitled to that information.
Unlike the Adult Probation system, there is no set amount of time that a youth can be on formal probation. The youth will remain on probation until they meet all of the conditions of their probation or commit a new offense as an adult. The Judge is the only one who can release a child from the terms of their probation.
If the youth turns 18 and commits a new crime as an adult, often times the Juvenile Court will terminate juvenile probation. The Juvenile Court can maintain jurisdiction until the youth reaches the age of 21 and in some cases the age of 25.
Informal Probation and Diversion are generally a maximum of six months.
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We encourage you to write to your child while they are housed in our facility. Youth may receive an unlimited amount of incoming mail. All letters and cards must go through the United States Postal Service. Please remember to include a complete return address. Youth may not receive mail from other jails, prisons, or juvenile facilities or individuals whom the court has specifically ordered them not to associate with.
All mail is opened and inspected for contraband; any inappropriate letters will be returned to sender. Envelopes with extraneous figures, markings, or writing will be returned to sender. Please address the envelope as follows:
Youth’s full name212 Walnut StreetNapa CA 94559
For any further questions, contact us at 707-253-4431.
Yes, youth may write an unlimited amount of letters. Materials will be provided for writing and sending letters. All outgoing mail may be inspected by staff for contraband.
During booking, each youth will be allowed to make three(3) telephone calls at no cost. One to a parent or guardian, one to an employer and one to an attorney. A Juvenile Hall Counselor will give the youth their own account number that will allow them to call telephone numbers authorized by their Probation Officer. The youth will need to be a group level one or two and ask staff permission to use the telephones on the unit. All calls on the unit telephones are recorded. A youth may request a non-recorded telephone call to speak with their attorney. For any further questions, contact us at 707-253-4431.
Yes. Each youth is allowed two one hour visits per week with parents, legal guardians or grandparents who have been approved by the probation officer. Please review the Visitation Hours and Guidelines before making plans to visit the facility. For any further questions, contact us at 707-253-4431.
The Napa County Office of Education operates the Crossroads School, which is a fully accredited year-round school with one full time teacher and two teacher's aids. Your child will attend school Monday through Friday and have the ability to earn a high school diploma while in custody. For any further questions, contact us at 707-253-4431.
Physical education and recreation are part of the schedule every day. The Juvenile Hall features courtyards on each unit and a covered exercise yard. All used for organized sports and physical activities. Your youth will have the opportunity to access the Juvenile Hall library each week. For any further questions, contact us at 707-253-4431.
24 hours medical care is provided by California Forensic Medical Group (CFMG) Inc. CFMG medical staff is also on charge of dispensing prescribed medications daily to residents. For any further questions, contact us at 707-253-4431.
You are here at Napa County Juvenile Hall because you have been arrested for breaking the law or violating your probation terms. You have been brought into secure custody until further decisions can be made about whether you will stay or be released. For any further questions, contact us at 707-253-4431.
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Yes. All Deputy Public Defenders are attorneys who are members of the State Bar and have been licensed to practice law in the State of California. In order to become a Deputy Public Defender, any individual who has already passed the State Bar examination must also go through a rigorous interview and oral examination to ascertain whether he or she has the intellectual ability, the legal knowledge, and the commitment to practice criminal defense law.
Throughout their careers as Deputy Public Defenders, all attorneys continue their legal education by attending classes and seminars to remain up to date in the practice of criminal defense law.
The primary responsibility of the Public Defender's Office is to ensure the representation of any person - whether in custody or not - who is accused of a crime and unable to afford counsel.If you have been arrested and remain in custody, you will usually be brought to court within 48 hours of your arrest. If you are not in custody, you will be given a time and place to appear for your first court date. The first court date is called the arraignment. When you first appear in court for your arraignment, you may appear with private counsel.If you are not able to afford counsel, the judge will ask you if you intend to hire an attorney, or if you are requesting appointment of the Public Defender to represent you. The court may inquire about your financial resources, but more commonly, the court appoints our office to represent you and schedules your next two court dates. You will be directed to contact the Public Defender's Office and fill out a financial evaluation form.The County of Napa requires completion of the financial evaluation form and Public Defender staff can assist you in filling out the form. The Public Defender’s Office will make an initial determination as to whether you are eligible for our services. If you are told you do not qualify for our services and you believe you should, notify our staff and the matter will be calendared for an eligibility hearing so the court can determine if you qualify. No person will be denied representation due to their inability to pay for attorney services.When you first come to our office, all misdemeanor defendants will be able to schedule an appointment with the attorney who will represent you. If you are charged with a felony, the file will be reviewed to select the most appropriate attorney. You should call the office within a day or two to schedule your first appointment with the attorney who will represent you.If you are in custody when the Public Defender is appointed, the court will notify us that we represent you and your attorney will interview you at the jail as soon as possible. At your first meeting, your attorney will explain the court process and the charges against you. It is important that your attorney have a copy of the police reports and charges before they interview you.
Before an individual in custody may be questioned regarding a crime, the law requires the police to inform that person that they have the right to remain silent and the right to counsel. If the person asks for an attorney, the police must arrange for the presence of an attorney before questioning can take place. Likewise, if the police wish to place a person who has been arrested into a lineup, that person has the right to the presence of an attorney at the lineup. The Public Defender has attorneys available to serve those functions. An attorney who responds to the police station or jail serves as the person's attorney in the same way as if the attorney had been retained to represent the person. The attorney represents the client, not the police.If you are in custody in the Napa County Department of Corrections, there is a toll free number to dial our office directly during normal business hours. Usually the support staff can provide you with your next court date and will direct you to ask the court to appoint the Public Defender. If you have sustained injuries that might be relevant to your defense, an investigator can be dispatched to take photos.Our staff can advise you what to expect at your first appearance, but are not able to discuss the particulars of your case until the charges and police reports are available and we have been appointed to represent you.
We understand that people who need legal help are often apprehensive and may even be desperate to get the answer they want. It is the goal of our support staff to be helpful, but only your attorney can provide you with legal advice. Please understand that our support staff cannot give you legal advice because it is considered an unauthorized practice of law.
Find more information about this on our Talking to an Attorney Before You Appear in Court page.
If you are charged with a misdemeanor and we have your case number available, the receptionist at the Public Defender's Office will be able to determine your attorney and schedule an appointment. You can leave a message via voice mail for that attorney, if you have already met with him or her. When you leave a telephone message for your attorney or speak with a receptionist, speak slowly and clearly. Leave your complete name, a telephone number, your next court date (if you know) and a case number (if you know). Our attorneys are often in court or at the jail meeting with clients or preparing cases for court, so please allow a reasonable amount of time for a return call. If you leave repeated messages which are not returned, check with the receptionist to make sure you are contacting the correct attorney. If you still do not get a call, please submit a written request to your attorney.
See our Staff Directory for contact information.
Call the Public Defender's Office. Provide the receptionist with your full name. She will ask you whether it is a felony or a misdemeanor. If your case is in warrant status, or if you are facing a Violation of Probation, you may be assigned a different attorney than the original.
Most criminal appearances are scheduled in the Criminal Courthouse located at 1111 3rd Street in downtown Napa. They are usually scheduled in Department D or E, on the second floor of the building. Family support matters (civil child support) are often scheduled in the Historic Courthouse (Civil Division) located at 825 Brown Street in downtown Napa. These courts are virtually across the street from one another. If you are a juvenile, your hearing will be scheduled at the Juvenile Justice Center located at 212 Walnut Street in Napa.
The Napa County Superior Court provides a website to look up court dates based upon your case number, driver's license number or citation number: Napa Superior Court Criminal and Traffic Case Lookup
The Napa County Superior Court calendars are updated Monday through Friday and may be subject to change: Court Calendars
If you have not yet appeared in court and been referred to our office, your best option is to call the court directly at (707) 299-1100. You can also call our office at (707) 253-4442 for court date lookup assistance if an attorney has already been appointed for you. Our office has access to some of the court's records via computer. We will probably be able to tell you your next court date. Please have your full name, birth date and case number available.
All courts are concerned with security issues. Most have metal detectors and limitations on what you can bring into a courthouse. Even seemingly harmless items, such as food, beverages and nail clippers can result in confiscation or delays in entering the building. Cell phones must be turned off in all courtrooms.
Find information about where to appear on our Court Appearances page.
It depends on your personal financial situation. Under California law, every person who is represented by a court-appointed attorney, including the Public Defender's Office, may be asked to pay a registration fee of up to $25 to the County of Napa. You will not be forced to pay anything if you cannot afford to pay the registration fee.
When your case ends, if you have been represented by appointed counsel, such as the Public Defender's Office, the judge may conduct a hearing to determine whether you have the present ability to pay all -- or a portion of -- the costs of your court-appointed attorney. At this hearing, depending upon your income and expenses, the judge may order you to pay for all costs of the services of your attorney, some of the costs or none. If the judge determines you have the ability to pay some or all of the costs, you will be ordered to pay according to your financial situation and the level of service provided. If you cannot afford to pay, you will not be required to do so. In the past, most defendants were not required to pay. Now, in each case, the court will make enquiry into your ability to reimburse.
View information about this on our Paying for a Public Defender page.
It depends on all of your current financial circumstances and how much debt you have. As such, there is no specific dollar figure which makes you ineligible for the services of the Public Defender. For example, individuals who are in custody and are unable to post bail are presumed to be eligible for Public Defender services. On the other hand, if they can afford to post a large amount for bail, or own a home, they might not be eligible. If they have enough financial assets to afford private counsel, they are not eligible to be represented by the Public Defender.Regardless of whether a defendant is in custody or out of custody, all of that person's financial obligations (such as the need to support a family, pre-existing debts, rent/mortgage, etc.), are balanced against assets and income, including community property income, in determining whether that person can afford to hire private counsel.
Find more information about eligibility on our Eligibility for a Public Defender page.
The County of Napa has entered into contracts with other attorneys to provide representation for those who are not able to be served by the Public Defender’s Office. This may occur, for example, when our office already represents another defendant accused in the same case or the defendant happens to be a witness against another Public Defender client in a separate case. This is called a "conflict of interest." Those attorneys, likewise, are not employees of the Public Defender's Office.
No. If you are accused of a crime and cannot afford to hire your own attorney, the court will usually appoint the Public Defender's Office to represent you. However, in some situations, a "conflict of interest" may arise, which would make it impossible for our office to effectively work on your behalf. A good example of this might be where our office is already representing another defendant accused in the same case. In that event the court will appoint an attorney from another attorney. The attorneys who accept such appointments are not employees of the Public Defender, even though they have been appointed by the court.
Being released on an "O.R." means being released on one's own recognizance, that is, on one's promise to appear in the future without having to post bail.
"Bail" is the amount of money that a defendant (or typically someone on his/her behalf) must pay in order to be released from jail. It is intended to assure the court that the defendant will appear at his/her future court dates.
The judge will set the bail amount according to the county’s bail schedule and in light of the circumstances of your background and the conduct with which you are charged. The Napa County bail schedule is here: Napa Bail Schedule
A felony is a serious criminal charge, which is defined in terms of possible punishment. It is defined in the California Penal Code as "any crime that is punishable by death or by imprisonment in state prison." In most cases, a felony prosecution starts with an arrest. Written police reports are presented to the District Attorney's Office, which then decides what charges, if any, should be filed and whether those charges will be felonies or misdemeanors (which are less serious crimes punishable by no more than a year in county jail and/or a possible fine).Felony charges may also be filed even though there has not been an arrest. For example, the police may conduct an investigation of a crime and identify a suspect. Rather than arresting that person, the police may instead present their investigation to the District Attorney, who may file charges with a court and get an arrest warrant. The District Attorney may also present evidence to the Grand Jury, which has the power to charge a person with a felony.The first step in the criminal court process is called an arraignment. Usually, this is the first time the defendant appears in court. He/She is informed of the charges, and offered legal representation if he/she cannot afford counsel. The defendant then enters a plea of guilty or not guilty. Most often, this is also the time when the defendant has his first contact with the Public Defender's Office.The attorney who handles arraignments in that particular court will discuss the case briefly with the defendant. Usually the attorney will enter a plea of "not guilty" on behalf of the client. (If a case is particularly complex or unusual, a plea might not be entered at the first appearance, but might be entered at a later date in order to allow the attorney time to gather more information about the charges.) If a "not guilty" plea is entered at this first appearance, the case will then be scheduled for a pre-preliminary hearing and a preliminary hearing, which is usually set no later than 10 court days after the arraignment. You must meet with your attorney prior to these next two appearances.The pre-preliminary hearing is a brief appearance at which the case will either be confirmed for preliminary hearing the next day, continued, or a change of plea might be entered. The preliminary hearing is the court proceeding at which the District Attorney's Office must present enough evidence to convince a judge that there is reasonable cause to believe a crime has been committed -- and that the accused is the person who committed the crime.This hearing is not heard by a jury, and at this point in the criminal process, the District Attorney's case does not have to be proven beyond a reasonable doubt. The primary purpose of the preliminary hearing is to weed out charges that are obviously groundless. At a preliminary hearing, the District Attorney may use police officers to present the statements of victims and witnesses to demonstrate to the judge that there is enough evidence to justify sending the case to a court for trial. The vast majority of defendants are "held to answer" after the preliminary hearing.Understandably, this can be frustrating for a client who wants to "fight" aggressively to win his case now, rather than later. However, this is not always possible, nor wise. It is important to remember that delay in a court case does not mean defeat. Effective and thorough legal defense takes time to prepare. Preparation is often worth the wait.After the preliminary hearing, the defendant is once again arraigned; however, this time a trial date is set. Generally speaking, the trial must occur within 60 days from the date of this new arraignment, although felony cases frequently require more time so that the defense can conduct a complete, independent investigation, interview witnesses, consult with expert witnesses, and sift through all evidence presented by the District Attorney.The defense attorney may also make various motions if there are legal grounds. This might include a motion to get evidence excluded if police acted improperly when seizing it or a motion to dismiss if the evidence presented at the preliminary hearing was not strong enough to warrant a trial. The defense might also make motions to force the District Attorney or the police to disclose other pieces of evidence which could prove that the client is not guilty of the charge.
While the case is ongoing, the defendant may decide he or she does not want to go to trial but wants to settle the matter. Just as often, a District Attorney might offer the defendant a case settlement, referred to as a "plea bargain." This may include a guilty plea to a less serious charge or reduced incarceration time at sentencing.
Settlement may occur at any time, from the first court appearance at the initial arraignment up to, and even during, trial. Case settlement usually involves the defendant pleading "guilty" or "no contest" for an agreed sentence, to an agreed-upon charge, or to a maximum sentence referred to as a “lid.”
Another kind of "settlement" can be possible in certain felony cases involving non-violent drug offenses. Individuals who have been charged with first-time drug offenses, as well as certain defendants who suffer from the disease of drug addiction may be eligible to attend classes or other rehabilitation programs. If they successfully complete all required programs, they can have their case dismissed in a process which is known as "Deferred Entry of Judgment" -- commonly referred to as DEJ or drug diversion. Still other defendants who commit non-violent drug possession offenses may be eligible for sentencing according to Proposition 36, which generally favors long-term drug treatment as an alternative to incarceration. DEJ is available only upon a plea of "guilty," whereas Proposition 36 sentencing is available upon conviction -- whether a defendant pleaded guilty or was found guilty after a trial. [Insert Link to Drug Court FAQ.]
An adult criminal defendant has the right to a trial by jury. This is where 12 jurors, who are called "the finders of fact," listen to all the evidence presented by both the prosecution and the defense and decide what has been proved. The judge's job at a jury trial is to make sure that both the prosecution and the defense adhere to all the rules of evidence when presenting their case to the jury.
At trial, the prosecution must try to prove the client's guilt beyond a reasonable doubt. All 12 jurors must agree in order to convict or acquit. If the jury cannot agree, a "mistrial" will be declared by the court, and the case may be tried again before a different jury, the case may be dismissed, or a case settlement may be agreed upon by the prosecution and the defense.
A defendant can also decide to have a judge hear the case, instead of a jury; this is called a "court trial." For this to happen, the prosecution must also agree. In a court trial, the prosecution still has to prove the case beyond a reasonable doubt, but this time, the judge is the "finder of fact" and must decide whether or not the defendant is guilty, while also making certain that both attorneys are abiding by all the rules of evidence.
If a defendant is found guilty, the judge will then impose a sentence. The possible range of sentence, which is set by various laws, may range from no jail and probation, to imprisonment in the state prison. Sentencing can be a very complex process, depending on the severity of the crime for which the defendant has been convicted.
In the most serious of cases, referred to as special circumstance prosecutions, the defendant faces a sentence of life imprisonment without the possibility of parole, or even the death penalty. If a defendant has been convicted of such an offense, there is a separate proceeding, called a penalty phase, at which both sides present evidence in aggravation or mitigation of penalty. The jury determines the appropriate penalty. If the jury determines the defendant should be executed, the judge still has the power to overrule that determination and sentence the defendant to life imprisonment without the possibility of parole. However, if the jury agrees that life imprisonment is the appropriate punishment, the judge does not have the power to impose the death penalty.
Defendants who have been convicted after a trial have the right to appeal their conviction. This process is started by the trial attorney who, upon request of the client, will file a notice of appeal in the trial court within 60 days of the imposition of sentence. An attorney who specializes in appeals will then be appointed by to represent the defendant on appeal.
Find more information about this on the Felony Information page.
A misdemeanor is defined as a crime that is punishable by fine and/or imprisonment in a county jail for one year or less. As in most criminal cases, a misdemeanor prosecution starts with an arrest. However, unlike a felony arrest, most individuals charged with misdemeanors are detained for a short time before they are released by police after promising to appear at their next court date by signing a citation that is known as a "promise to appear."
The police reports alleging illegal acts are then presented to the District Attorney who decides what charges, if any, should be filed. Occasionally, instead of filing misdemeanor charges, the prosecutor may choose to file a complaint alleging an infraction. Individuals who are accused of infractions cannot be sentenced to jail, nor are they entitled to the appointment of an attorney.
Any person who has been arrested and then released from custody and given a court date and time must appear in court on that date, at that specific time. Failure to appear will result in the issuance of a warrant and possible arrest. You cannot assume the Court will understand that you had to work that day, you overslept, or your child was sick. If you have failed to appear in court when required, it is always better to contact court services and arrange to surrender, rather than wait until the police find and arrest you. You have a much better chance of walking out of the courtroom if you appear in court as soon as possible after your failure to appear. If you do not act quickly to appear in court, additional criminal charges may be filed. You should notify your attorney when you will appear.
It is not uncommon for a person to be arrested on misdemeanor charges, then released, only to appear in court and discover that no charges have been filed. Occasionally, this is because the charges have been rejected by the District Attorney; other times, the decision might have been delayed.
Once a case has been filed, the first step in the criminal process is arraignment. This is usually the time the defendant first appears in court, is informed of the charges, and enters a plea. The attorney who handles misdemeanor arraignments in that particular court will discuss the case with you, and a plea will be entered. The usual pleas are "not guilty," "guilty," or "no contest." If you are in custody at arraignment on a misdemeanor charge, your attorney may make a motion to dismiss based on failure of the police reports to establish that a crime has been committed. If you have been charged for something you simply did not do -- or the charges are far more serious than the offense for which you are actually responsible -- or your attorney feels there is insufficient evidence to convict you, he or she might advise you to take the case to trial.
In misdemeanor cases that are not likely to go to trial, it is not unusual for your attorney to settle the case on your behalf and with your consent, either at arraignment, or at a pretrial hearing which is usually held a couple of weeks later. Some misdemeanor cases settle for a fine and probation, without any jail time. However, some misdemeanor charges can carry a sentence of as much as one year in the county jail (a few have a mandatory minimum jail sentence) as the possible punishment.
Only by knowing the particular facts of your case, your prior criminal record, if any, and your current situation, is it possible to accurately advise you about your case.
A misdemeanor case that is not going to be resolved with a plea must generally go to trial within 30 days if the defendant was in custody at the arraignment -- or within 45 days if the defendant is out of custody. Cases are often continued to allow defense attorneys to gather the necessary evidence and interview any possible witnesses. Before trial, the defense attorney may make various motions, including a motion to suppress unlawfully obtained evidence by the police and motions for the prosecutor or the police to disclose evidence which might help the defense.
An adult criminal defendant has the right to a trial by a jury. This is where 12 jurors, who are called "the finders of fact," listen to all the evidence presented by both the prosecution and the defense and decide what is proved and what is not. The judge's role in a jury trial is to make sure that both the prosecution and the defense adhere to all the rules of evidence when presenting their case to the jury.
At trial, the prosecution must prove the client's guilt beyond a reasonable doubt. All 12 jurors must agree in order to either convict or acquit. If the jury cannot agree, a "mistrial" will be declared by the court, and the case may be tried again before a different jury, it may be dismissed, or a case settlement may be agreed upon by the prosecution and the defense.
If a defendant is found guilty, the judge will then impose a sentence. The possible range of sentence, which is set by various laws, may range from no jail and probation, to confinement in the county jail for up to one year.
Defendants who have been convicted after a trial have the right to appeal their conviction. This process is started by the trial attorney who, upon request of the client, will file a notice of appeal in the trial court within 30 days of the imposition of sentence. An attorney who specializes in appeals will then be appointed. It is important to keep the court informed of your current address. It is also important that you read and respond to all communications you receive from the court. If there is anything you do not understand, call your attorney.
Find out what happens on our Misdemeanor Information page.
Yes. If you are charged with an offense that is filed in a court within the County of Napa, and you are unable to afford counsel, the Public Defender's Office is available to represent you, regardless of the state where you reside. The Public Defender's Office also represents clients in extradition proceedings. Your residency, citizenship status, or the type of proceeding you are involved in may raise issues unique to your case, however, and should be discussed with the attorney who is assigned to represent you.
Yes. If you are charged with an offense that is filed in a court within the County of Napa, and you are unable to afford counsel, the Public Defender's Office is available to represent you, regardless of your citizenship status. The Public Defender's Office also represents clients in extradition proceedings. Your residency, citizenship status, or the type of proceeding you are involved in may raise issues unique to your case, however, and should be discussed with the attorney who is designated to represent you.
The Public Defender's Office does represent clients in extradition proceedings. However, extradition hearings do not usually address whether you have committed any crimes. The purpose is to determine if you are the person for whom the warrant has been issued.
The Public Defender will make arrangements to obtain the assistance of an interpreter. There is no charge to the client or witnesses for interpreter assistance. However, be sure to inform the receptionist or your attorney that you need an interpreter. Often people may think they can understand enough English to "get by." In court, words may have special meaning that make a critical difference in your case. Court proceedings can be confusing enough, without adding the complication of unfamiliarity with the English language. If there is any doubt as to whether you can understand everything that said to you and about you, it is safer to use the services of an interpreter.
An interpreter will be made available not only for interviews and consultations, but also for court proceedings, and during investigations. A few of our attorneys, clerical staff, and investigators are fluent in Spanish. If you need an interpreter for a language other than Spanish, it is important to inform your attorney in advance if possible. Occasionally it is helpful to use a family member who speaks some English to clarify the language and dialect spoken by the person who needs assistance. A court interpreter - familiar with court terminology - will be obtained for whichever language or dialect is needed for you to be able to clearly communicate and understand everything in your case.
The Public Defender will make arrangements to obtain the assistance of an interpreter. To find more information about this visit our Interpreter Assistance page.
When an individual hires an attorney, they are free to hire whomever they choose. Cases are assigned to an attorney by the Napa County Public Defender based on the nature and seriousness of the charges, the criminal record of defendant, the courtroom to which the case is assigned and the skill and experience level of the attorney, among many other factors. The Public Defender has an obligation to the public to make the best use of the resources available. We need to ensure that each attorney has sufficient time to represent each client to the best of his or her ability. Consequently, you are not entitled to select which of the attorneys will represent you in a pending case.
Being charged with a criminal offense is often stressful and frightening. It is difficult to understand the legal process, jargon and consequences. The role of your attorney is to vigorously represent your interests. This includes ensuring that you are informed and understand the legal process. If you are dissatisfied with your attorney, you can submit a written request addressed to the Public Defender (Ronald Abernethy). The request should include your name, address, phone number, case number and the name of your attorney. You should indicate where you are in the proceedings (for example: sentenced, or awaiting trial), what problems you are having and what you would like to occur. You will usually receive a phone call or written response within two (2) working days. You can write to the Napa County Public Defender at 1127 1st Street, Suite 265, Napa, California 94559.
There are a variety of ways to get drug treatment when a person is charged with a crime. First time drug offenders may be eligible for Penal Code Section 1000 diversion, which results in the complete dismissal of charges upon successful completion. Napa County has Drug Court, in which people who are addicted to drugs can enroll in an intensive drug treatment program. Proposition 36 requires the state to offer drug treatment instead of incarceration if a person is convicted of certain drug possession offenses or drug use offenses. Under some circumstances, a person who is convicted of certain crimes and is addicted to drugs can be committed to the California Rehabilitation Center (CRC) for drug treatment.
The traditional adversarial system of justice, designed to resolve legal disputes, has been determined not to be highly effective at addressing alcohol or drug abuse. Find more information about drug court on our Drug Treatment Courts page.
A child who is charged with committing a crime, with habitual truancy, or with incorrigibility, comes within the jurisdiction of the juvenile delinquency court. Visit our Child Charged with Crime page for more information.
There are programs available to minors to deal with problems involving drug abuse, mental health issues and specialized educational needs. These programs are provided through various state and county agencies and can be accessed by parents themselves or with the help of private advocates. If your child is represented by the Public Defender's Office, please alert the attorney to any problems your child has with drugs, school or mental health so that our office can consider your child’s individual needs.
Also, any records you have which relate to these problems should be shown to the attorney. If the Juvenile Court is not made aware of the problems, the source of a behavioral problem might go undiscovered and untreated, and the child may not receive the full benefit of the resources available to the Court.
Visit our page on appellate courts for more information.
Find information about these proceedings on our Habeas Corpus Proceeding page.
An expungement results in the dismissal of a previous conviction pursuant to Penal Code 1203.4.
Any person who was convicted of a felony or misdemeanor, who successfully completed probation, is not now serving a sentence for any other offense, is not charged with the commission of a new offense and is not currently on probation. In addition, any person who, after the passage of one year, was convicted of a misdemeanor and not granted probation may apply for expungement. It is mandatory in any case where an individual was granted and successfully completed probation, without violation, or was discharged from probation early. This includes the full payment of fines and restitution.
An expungement is discretionary in the interests of justice in other probation cases. A court may not grant an expungement to a person who served a sentence in prison on a felony conviction. Penal Code section 1203.4a gives similar relief to an individual convicted of a misdemeanor, but not granted probation.
This relief is available after one year from the date of sentencing, provided the person (i) fully complied with and performed the sentence of the court, (ii) is not presently serving a sentence, (iii) is not presently charged with any crime, and (iv) has, since being sentenced, lived and honest and upright life.
The Office of the Public Defender has a staff of highly trained and experienced investigators. Visit our Office of the Public Defender Investigators page.
The attorney-client privilege concerns the confidential communication between attorney and client which cannot be disclosed to anyone without the consent of the client. This same privilege extends to all employees of the Public Defender's Office.
No. For more information, see the What to Do if You Are Contact by Law Enforcement page.
Law enforcement is under no duty to advise you of your rights in order to search you or your property. Nevertheless, law enforcement can only search you or your property under certain circumstances. While you do have the right to refuse to be searched or have your property searched, there are situations where law enforcement can search you or your property without your consent. If you do not consent to being searched by law enforcement, you should clearly tell the police that you do not want to be searched.If law enforcement has a search warrant, ask for a copy of the warrant.
The Public Defender handles only criminal cases. The state law does not allow us to represent individuals who want to file a civil lawsuit.
The Public Defender's Office only handles criminal cases in criminal court. Find more information on the Suing the Court page.
The interests of those who are victims of a crime are usually represented by the prosecutor's office, whose mandate is to see that those who victimize others are punished for their crimes. However, if you are a victim of a miscarriage of justice resulting from false police reports or other police misconduct, the Public Defender will defend you against criminal prosecution.
The Public Defender is unable, by law, to pursue any civil case against your accusers. You may be the victim of a crime but are erroneously being prosecuted instead of being recognized as the victim. The Public Defender will defend you on the criminal charges.
In general, the Public Defender only represents individuals subject to criminal prosecution, civil commitment, or contempt citation. The Public Defender's Office also represents individuals charged in criminal cases resulting from non-payment of child support, or those who are threatened with contempt because of an alleged violation of a civil court order for them to pay child support. Our office also represents those individuals who have been detained civilly through a conservatorship or other mental health commitment. In all other cases, the Public Defender does not represent individuals in civil cases, nor can our office recommend any particular attorney or law firm.
The State Bar of California provides a certified attorney referral service. The State Bar is located at 1149 South Hill Street, Los Angeles, CA 90015-2299, 213-765-1000, and at 180 Howard Street, San Francisco, CA 94105-1639, 415-538-2000.
A certificate of rehabilitation generally allows a person convicted of a crime to have his or her civil and political rights of citizenship restored. The granting of a certificate of rehabilitation also serves as an application to the Governor for a pardon. In order to qualify for a certificate of rehabilitation, a person must establish that he or she has lived an honest and upright life; that at least seven years have passed since the completion of the sentence, probation, or parole; there has been no further incarceration since his or her initial release from custody; and that he or she has resided in California for the past three years. Individuals convicted of some crimes, such as those that carry mandatory life parole terms and certain sex offenses, are not eligible for a certificate of rehabilitation.
In October 2015, Governor Jerry Brown signed into law the Control, Regulate and Tax Adult Use of Marijuana Act (Proposition 64). It legalizes the responsible use of marijuana by adults 21 and over and establishes a statewide regulatory system for medical marijuana in California.
You can view the memo from Drug Policy Alliance (PDF) for further information.
You may be able to have your most recent case, and any earlier cases, changed from felonies to misdemeanors if you were convicted of the following charges:
For theft charges to be reduced, the amount stolen must have been less than $950. Simple possession of any controlled substance or unlawful drug has now been reduced to a misdemeanor.
Most individuals with the following prior convictions will not be able to reduce their conviction to a misdemeanor:
Yes. This law is completely retroactive. That means that you are eligible to have any qualifying prior felony convictions reduced to misdemeanors no matter how long ago you were convicted. This is true even if you were previously denied a reduction from a felony to a misdemeanor by the court during any pre-conviction court hearing, at sentencing, or after requesting an expungement.
If you are in custody, if you have a pending case, or if you are still on probation or any other form of supervision (Post Release Community Supervision [“PRCS”], Mandatory Supervision, Parole) and believe you are eligible for relief, contact our office. If you have a conviction, have completed your sentence and are no longer on probation or any other form of supervision, contact our office.
If there is any question about whether your felony case should be reduced or if you are currently on probation and will continue on probation if your matter is reduced to a misdemeanor, there will be a court hearing where you will be represented by an attorney from our office if you qualify financially.
The maximum jail time for most misdemeanors is one year in county jail. If you have already served more than the maximum term of confinement, you should be released. If you have not served the maximum term of confinement for the misdemeanor charge(s), the court may hold a hearing to determine if your sentence should be reduced. However, if you have other cases or charges that are holding you in custody, you will not be released even if you receive a reduction on one or more charges. If you are currently in custody and believe you are eligible for Proposition 47, contact your attorney immediately.
If you have no other charges keeping you in state prison, you may be released from prison. If your case is reduced to a misdemeanor, your maximum sentence is no more than a year in county jail per charge. You cannot be sentenced to prison on a misdemeanor, but you can be sentenced to county jail. Contact our office if you believe you are eligible. We will file a petition on your behalf, if you qualify
This will depend on the type of sentence you received before. The decision will be made by the judge who resentences you. If you are resentenced, review the Minute Order from the court before you are released. Read it carefully to see if you have been ordered to report to probation or parole when you are released. Comply with any terms and conditions ordered by the court. If you think there has been a mistake or have any questions about any of the new terms and condition of your sentence after resentencing, please contact our office.
Yes. Even if your case is reduced to a misdemeanor, any restitution orders will remain in full force and effect. Your court fines and fees may be decreased. The order signed by the judge will have this amount.
According to the new law, any felony conviction that is recalled and resentenced or designated as a misdemeanor is a misdemeanor for all purposes, except for your ability to own or possess a gun.
Probably. To vote in the state of California, you must be at least 18 years old and a state resident. You can even vote while you are still on probation. However, you cannot vote if you are in prison; on parole; currently serving a local state prison sentence in county jail; currently serving a “split” sentence (this is sometimes called “Mandatory Supervision”); or on Post Release Community Supervision ("PCRS").
For more information about where you can pick up an application to register to vote, or to register to vote online, visit California Secretary of State website.
In general, it is better to have a misdemeanor than a felony on your record. However, this may depend on whether your misdemeanor record includes drug offenses. For more detailed information, please see:
Probably. The law does not let people serve on juries if they have felonies which have not been expunged, or if they have committed malfeasance in a public office.
No. Even if your felonies are reduced, it will still be a crime for you to own or possess a gun.
Absolutely! All Deputy Public Defenders are full-fledged attorneys who are members of the State Bar and have been licensed to practice law in the State of California. In order to become a Deputy Public Defender, any individual who has already passed the State Bar examination must also go through a rigorous interview and oral examination to ascertain whether he or she has the intellectual ability, the legal knowledge, and the commitment to practice criminal defense law.
Throughout their entire careers as Deputy Public Defenders, all attorneys are further required to continue their legal education by attending regular classes and seminars regarding any advances in the practice of criminal defense law.
The primary responsibility of the Public Defender's Office is to ensure the representation of any person - whether in custody or not - who has been accused of a crime, but is currently unable to afford to hire private defense counsel.
Before an individual who is in custody may be questioned regarding a crime, the law requires the police to inform that person that they have the right to remain silent and the right to counsel. If the person does not waive the right to an attorney, the police must arrange for the presence of an attorney before questioning can take place. Likewise, if the police wish to place a person who has been arrested into a lineup, that person has the right to the presence of an attorney at the lineup. The Public Defender has attorneys available to serve those functions. An attorney who responds to the police station or jail serves as the person's attorney in the same way as if the attorney had been retained to represent the person. The attorney represents the client, not the police.
If you are in custody in the Napa County Department of Corrections, there is a toll free number to dial our office directly during normal business hours. Usually the support staff can tell you when you can expect to appear in court and direct you to ask for the court to appoint us at that time. If you have sustained injuries which might be relevant to your defense, an investigator can be dispatched to take photos.
Our staff can advise you what to expect at your first appearance, but are not able to discuss the particulars of your case until the charges and police reports are available and we have been appointed to represent you.
If you are charged with a misdemeanor and we have your case number available, the receptionist will be able to determine whom your attorney is and schedule an appointment. You can leave a message via voice mail for that attorney, if you have already met with him or her. Each time you have to leave a telephone message for your attorney or speak with a receptionist, always remember to speak slowly and clearly. Leave your complete name, your case number, your next court date (if you know it), a telephone number, and the best time for your attorney to contact you. If you leave repeated messages which are not returned, please check with the receptionist to make sure you are contacting the right attorney. If you still do not get a call back, ask for a supervisor, or submit a written request.
Call the Public Defender's Office. Provide the receptionist with your full name. She will ask you whether it is a felony or a misdemeanor. If you do not know, that is okay. She will still be able to tell you who your attorney is. If your case is in warrant status, or if you are facing a Violation of Probation, you may be assigned a different attorney than the original.
Most criminal appearances are scheduled in the Criminal Courts Building located at 1111 Third Street in downtown Napa. They are usually scheduled in Department D or E, located on the second floor of the building. Family support matters (civil child support) are often scheduled in the Historic Courthouse located at 825 Brown Street in downtown Napa. These courts are virtually across the street from one another. If you are a juvenile, your hearing will be scheduled at the Juvenile Hall courtroom located at the juvenile probation facility at 2350 Old Sonoma Road in Napa. You can always call the Public Defenders Office and the receptionist at 707-253-4442, or your attorney can tell you where you should be.
You might, but it depends on your personal financial situation. Under California law, every person who is represented by a court-appointed attorney, including the Public Defender's Office, may be asked to pay a registration fee of up to $25 to the County of Napa. You will not be forced to pay anything if you cannot afford to pay the registration fee.
When your case ends, if you have been represented by appointed counsel, such as the Public Defender's Office, the judge may conduct a hearing to determine whether or not you have the present ability to pay all - or a portion of - the costs of your court-appointed attorney. At this hearing, depending upon your income and expenses, the judge may order you to pay for the cost of the services of your attorney, some of the cost - or none. If the judge determines you have the ability to pay some or all of the costs, you will be ordered to pay according to your financial situation and the level of service provided. If you cannot afford to pay, you will not be required to do so. In the past, most defendants were not required to pay. Now, in each case, the court will make inquiry into your ability to reimburse.
A felony is a serious criminal charge, which is defined in terms of possible punishment. It is defined in the California Penal Code as "any crime that is punishable by death or by imprisonment in state prison." In most cases, a felony prosecution starts with an arrest. Written police reports are presented to the District Attorney's Office, which then decides what charges, if any, should be filed and whether those charges will be felonies or misdemeanors (which are less serious crimes punishable by no more than a year in county jail and/or a possible fine).
For full information, see the Charged With a Felony page.
A misdemeanor is defined as a crime that is punishable by fine and/or imprisonment in a County jail for one year or less. As in most criminal cases, a misdemeanor prosecution starts with an arrest. However, unlike of a felony arrest, most persons charged with misdemeanors are detained only for a short time before they are released by police after promising to appear at their next court date by signing a citation that is known as a "promise to appear."
For more information, see our Charged With a Misdemeanor page.
Yes. If you are charged with an offense that is filed in a court within the County of Napa, and you are unable to afford to hire an attorney, the Public Defender's Office is available to represent you, regardless of the state where you reside. The Public Defender's office also represents clients in extradition proceedings. Your residency, citizenship status, or the type of proceeding you are involved in may raise issues unique to your case, however, and should be discussed with the attorney who is assigned to represent you.
Absolutely. If you are charged with an offense that is filed in a court within the County of Napa, and you are unable to afford to hire a defense attorney, the Public Defender's Office is available to represent you, regardless of your citizenship status. The Public Defender's office also represents clients in extradition proceedings. Your residency, citizenship status, or the type of proceeding you are involved in may raise issues unique to your case, however, and should be discussed with the attorney who is designated to represent you.
The Public Defender's office does represent clients in extradition proceedings. However, extradition hearings do not usually address whether you have committed any crimes. The purpose is to determine if you are the person for whom the warrant has been issued.
There are a variety of ways to get drug treatment when a person is charged with a crime. First time drug offenders may be eligible for Penal Code Section 1000 diversion, which results in the complete dismissal of charges upon successful completion. Napa County has drug court, in which people who are addicted to drugs can enroll in an intensive drug treatment program. Proposition 36 requires the state to offer drug treatment instead of incarceration if a person is convicted of certain drug possession offenses or drug use offenses. Under some circumstances, a person who is convicted of certain crimes and is addicted to drugs can be committed to the California Rehabilitation Center (CRC) for drug treatment.
The traditional adversarial system of justice, designed to resolve legal disputes, has been determined not to be highly effective at addressing alcohol or drug abuse. Indeed, many features of the court system and the roles the justice system professionals play might actually contribute to alcohol or drug abuse instead of curbing it: traditional defense counsel and prosecutor functions and court procedures often reinforce the offender's denial of an alcohol or drug abuse problem. The offender may not be clinically assessed until months after arrest, if at all. Moreover, the criminal justice system is often an unwitting enabler of continuing drug use because few immediate consequences for continued drug use are imposed. When referrals to treatment are made, they can occur months or years after the offense and there is little or no inducement to complete the program from a legal standpoint.
Learn more by reading our Drug Treatment Courts page.
A child who is charged with committing a crime, with habitual truancy, or with incorrigibility, comes within the jurisdiction of the juvenile delinquency court. After a child is arrested, the child may be released to a parent and cited into court at some future date - or transported to a juvenile hall. The police then submit their reports to the District Attorney's Office. If the District Attorney's Office decides to charge the child with a crime, the matter is set for arraignment in juvenile court.
Learn more by reading our Child Charged With a Crime page.
There are programs available to minors to deal with problems involving drug abuse, mental health issues and specialized educational needs. These programs are provided through various state and county agencies and can be accessed by parents themselves or with the help of private advocates. If your child is represented by the Public Defender's Office, please alert the lawyer to any problems your child has with drugs, school or mental health so that our office can consider your child’s individual needs. Also, any records you have which relate to these problems should be shown to the lawyer. If the Juvenile Court is not made aware of the problems, the source of a behavioral problem might go undiscovered and untreated, and the child may not receive the full benefit of the resources available to the Court.
Appellate court litigation can occur either before or after conviction. It is sometimes necessary for the Public Defender to challenge an order of a trial court before conviction. Such challenges are called writ proceedings. Each Deputy Public Defender is responsible for any appropriate motions, including pre-trial writs.
The Public Defender's Office is generally permitted by law to handle post-conviction appeals in the appellate courts only for defendants who were represented by the Public Defender's Office in the trial court. The appellate process takes a very long time to be completed, and is a very specialized practice. The Public Defenders Office does not have an appellate staff to enable us to routinely handle post-conviction appeals. Other counsel is available to be appointed for the appeal. Upon request of the client, the Deputy Public Defender who represented the defendant will file the documents in the trial court necessary for starting the appellate process and to obtain the appointment of appellate counsel. There are very specific and short time frames within which to file an appeal. Please notify your Deputy Public Defender promptly, in order to timely file your notice of appeal and request for appointment of appellate counsel.
A writ of habeas corpus is an order directing authorities to bring the defendant before a court to determine whether keeping the defendant in custody is legal or not. It is also a way of challenging the constitutionality of a conviction.
If a habeas corpus petition needs to be filed in a pending case that is already being handled by our office, the Public Defender will do so. If the nature of the writ of habeas corpus relates to a condition of confinement at the Napa County Department of Corrections, you will be asked to first utilize the jail’s administrative process. Also, the Department of Corrections must provide you with a writ of habeas corpus form which you can send directly to the court. The court assigns a judge to review such writs and determine if it should be set for a hearing or denied.
The Public Defender may also agree to file a petition for writ of habeas corpus for a person after conviction, particularly in cases where the validity of the conviction itself is in issue, or where it appears that a person is being unlawfully detained in custody.
The Office of the Public Defender has a staff of highly trained and experienced investigators. Their job is to track down any witnesses and obtain any physical evidence that might prove a client's innocence or demonstrate a weakness in the prosecutor's case against the client. They may also take photographs, draw diagrams, locate appropriate expert witnesses, and otherwise help with the logistics of presenting a defense. These individuals are also quite skilled in interviewing anyone who may have an impact on the outcome of a client's case.
Quite frequently, it is due to the work by a dedicated Public Defender investigator that an innocent client is released from custody. Other times that work helps to obtain lighter sentences for individuals who have been convicted. The Public Defender investigator works directly for the Public Defender Office and is not available for persons who are not represented by our office.
The attorney-client privilege concerns the confidential communication between lawyer and client which cannot be disclosed to anyone without the consent of the client. This same privilege extends to all employees of the Public Defender's Office.
The Public Defender handles only criminal cases. The state law does not allow us to represent persons who want to file a civil lawsuit.
When an individual hires an attorney they are free to hire whomever they choose. In the Public Defenders Office cases are assigned by the Napa County Public Defender. Assignments are made based on the nature or seriousness of the charges, criminal record of defendant, courtroom to which the case is assigned and on the skill and experience level of the attorney, among many other factors. The Public Defender has an obligation to the public to make the best use of the resources available to her. We need to ensure that each attorney has sufficient time to represent each client to the best of his ability. Consequently, defendants are not entitled to select which of the Deputy Public Defenders will represent them in the pending case.
It is understandable that defendants feel the system is not responsive to their needs or that they are not being treated fairly. Being charged with a criminal offense is often frightening and it is difficult to understand the legal process, jargon and consequences. The role of the defense attorney is to vigorously represent the interests of his or her client. This includes ensuring that the client is well-informed and understands what is happening to him or her. If a client is dissatisfied with the work of the Deputy Public Defender the client should submit a written request addressed to the Public Defender (Terry Davis) or the Chief Assistant Public Defender (Ronald Abernethy). The request should include your name, address, phone number, case number and who your Deputy Public Defender is. You should tell where you are in the process (for example: sentenced, or awaiting trial) and what problems you are having and what you would like to occur. You will get a phone call or written response within two working days. Direct you writing to:Napa County Public Defender1127 1st StreetNapa, CA 94559
The Public Defender's Office only handles criminal cases in criminal court. The best way to litigate any improper action by a judge is through appellate attorneys who represent clients in the appellate courts. However, an appellate attorney can only successfully appeal your case only if the judge, the District Attorney or even your own defense attorney did something significantly wrong.
A defendant who has been convicted after a trial always have the right to appeal the conviction. This process is initiated by the trial attorney. Your Deputy Public Defender will file a notice of appeal in the trial court on your behalf if you wish to appeal your case. A lawyer who does not work for the Public Defender, and who specializes in appeals, will then be appointed by the Court of Appeal to represent you on appeal. That attorney will be the one who to consider what you can do about any complaints against any judge who you feel treated you badly during your criminal case.
No. Our system of justice gives the power to decide the guilt of every defendant to a jury of 12 people who have been carefully instructed by the judge, the prosecution, and the defense on how to make a fair and just assessment of a defendant's guilt or innocence. Juries cannot be sued; however, in some circumstances, the judge can use his or her discretion to override the decision of the jury if the court finds that the jurors were clearly mistaken or biased in reaching their verdict.
The interests of those who are victims of a crime are usually represented by the prosecutor's office, whose mandate is to see that those who victimize others are punished for their crimes. However, if you are a victim of a miscarriage of justice resulting from false police reports or other police misconduct, the Public Defender will defend you against criminal prosecution. The Public Defender is unable, by law, to pursue any civil case against your accusers. You may be the victim of a crime but are erroneously being prosecuted instead of being recognized as the victim. The Public Defender will defend you on the criminal charges.
In general, the Public Defender only represents persons subject to criminal prosecution, civil commitment, or contempt citation. The Public Defender's Office also represents individuals charged in criminal cases resulting from non-payment of child support, or those who are threatened with contempt because of an alleged violation of a civil court order for them to pay child support. Our office also represents those individuals who have been detained civilly through a conservatorship or other mental health commitment. In all other cases, the Public Defender does not represent individuals in civil cases, nor can our Office recommend any particular attorney or law firm.
The State Bar of California provides a certified lawyer referral service. The State Bar is located at:
Call our office at 707-253-4442 and ask for assistance. Please have your full name, birth date, and case number if available.
Fortunately, this Project provides both. The primary purpose of the Project is to protect the community from flooding, but there are also substantial quality of life benefits to come, like Oxbow Commons Park, the six-mile river trail and improved access to the River. Project funds are spent as outlined by the Community Coalition that guided the Project in the late 1990s and by the legal requirements of Measure A that was passed by two-thirds of local voters in 1998.
There are number of specific sites within the Napa project area that will not be afforded protection. For example, areas south of Imola Avenue; most of the east side of the River north of Lincoln Avenue; Compadres Restaurant and Napa Small Animal Hospital just south of Lincoln on the west bank; and the Napa Sea Scout building and Napa Yacht Club building. In order to provide protection for these sites, in some cases it would have been necessary to remove the structures in question, and in other cases the impacts on environmentally sensitive areas was deemed unacceptable in the design phase.
It is difficult to provide a reliable measurement, but most people with some local flood experience believe the damage from this flood was less that it would have been if the wetlands, flood terraces and bridge replacements had not been completed.
No. For emergency information on availability and proper use of sandbags, go to the City of Napa Emergency Information page.
Find information about this on our How the Flood Project Protects the Community from Flooding page.
The money comes from a variety of sources. The local share is generated by the Measure A half-cent sales tax that was passed by Napa County voters in March 1998. The Federal share comes by way of allocations to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. These allocations are made annually in the Federal budget process. Additional revenue for the Project has taken the form of grants from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the Coastal Conservancy, and from the California Flood Control Subventions fund.
No, it’s not true. The money spent so far has gone to acquire property, build four bridges, relocate utilities, restore 600 acres of wetlands, construct about 2 miles of flood plain and marsh plain terrace, and build the Hatt to First Floodwall and Promenade. Unfortunately, the Project cannot function fully until it is all complete.
Money drives construction forward, and there are many reasons why the Project has not received as much money from the federal government as needed to maintain the intended pace of work. The original plan was to have the work done as early as 2005 or 2006. While the local share of funding that comes from the half-cent sales tax has outperformed revenue projections, the Project has not received all the needed funding from the state and federal governments. When the money is delayed, the work is delayed. One of the primary reasons for lower than expected levels of funding is the terrorist attacks of 9/11/01 and the resulting increases in domestic security and military spending. In addition, the Napa Project competes each year with other Corps of Engineers projects, many of which are much larger in scope.
No, there has not been a 100-year flood recorded since people began keeping these statistics (although the 1986 flood was larger than FEMA’s 1979 estimate of a “100-year flood. Later study of flood records from 1940 to 1988 led FEMA to estimate that the 1986 flood was a “50-year flood.”) That means no one living today has seen a real 100-year flood on the Napa River.
No. The Napa River-Napa Creek Flood Protection Project is designed to alleviate flooding up to the level of the “100-year event” in specific areas along the River from Trancas Street to Imola Avenue. Parts of the Project have been constructed downstream of Imola Avenue but “100-year event” protection is not provided in those locations, such as Napa Valley College and Kennedy Park. The Project will also alleviate flooding on Napa Creek east of Jefferson. Flooding problems on other tributaries, such as Dry Creek, Milliken Creek, Tulocay Creek and others will not be affected by the Project. Flooding caused by overwhelmed storm drains will not be solved by the Project. These creek flood zones and interior drainage problem areas are localized and require separate solutions.
All flood protection projects are constructed starting at the downstream end and working upstream. If you change water flows upstream first, flooding will be made worse for people downstream. However, after the 12-31-05 flood, the Corps of Engineers has said they believe the improvements on the Napa River that have been built downstream of Third Street make it feasible for improvements on Napa Creek to proceed at any time. Due to the federal Stimulus funding in 2009, the work on Napa Creek is expected to being in 2010.
No, early estimates say this was a “25 to 50-year flood” event. It appears to have been a bigger flood than 1995 and 1997 but not as big as 1986.
These communities have their own share of Measure A funds to use for their own projects. Yountville has already built a flood wall that protected their mobile home parks in the recent flood. St. Helena has a plan in the design stage, and the other communities are using their funds as they see fit.
In the City of Napa where the Napa river-Napa Creek Flood Project is being built. the most flood-prone areas are shown on the map that can be seen on the City of Napa website in the Emergency Information section.
Tides do not have any impact on the water level in the City of Napa when the river is flooding. A chart of river levels when there is no flood shows the river rising and falling with the tidal cycle. Charts during a flood show no rise and fall, regardless of the height of the tide. During a flood it’s rainfall and runoff that determines the river level, not the tide. The force of floodwaters is greater than the force of the tide. It is true that high tides can cause flooding in certain areas closer to the Bay. That type of flooding sometimes occurs when there is no rainfall and has no connection to the creek and river flooding we see in most of Napa County.
The term is used to describe an event that has a 1-in-100 chance of happening in any given year. When you do the math, there is a 65% chance that there will be a “100-year flood” in 100 years. Likewise, a “50-year flood” has a 2% chance of happening in any given year, and there’s a 4% chance of a “25-year flood” every year. Keep in mind that calculations are based on less than a hundred years of flood records. The reason you often hear the “100-year flood” mentioned is that it’s a yardstick to measure inundation by flooding. Our Project is being constructed to protect the community from this 100-year event, which would be a larger flood than the 2005 event, larger than 1995, even larger than 1986.
Extensive trails are planned for both sides of the River. To find more information about these trails visit our Future Public Access to the River page.
Current schedules show final completion in 2015 if all needed funding is received on schedule.
Get details at the Napa County Emergency Operations Center page.
The Napa River-Napa Creek Flood Protection Project was only about 40% complete at the time of the 12-31-05 event. Flood protection will be achieved using an integrated system that includes wetlands, terraces, bridge replacements, a bypass channel, floodwalls and levees. All of the components must be constructed before the Project will work as designed.
Sides of County roads (not in municipal areas) that have been deemed safe by the County.
An illicit discharge is any discharge to a stormwater conveyance system (e.g., curb and gutter, street, swale, ditch, creek) that is not entirely composed of stormwater. Stormwater is defined as surface runoff free of pollutants to the maximum extent practicable.
Maximum extent practicable (MEP) is a technology-based standard established by the Clean Water Act. MEP is generally the result of emphasizing pollution prevention and source control measures primarily (as the first line of defense) and in combination with treatment methods serving as a backup (additional line of defense). As an example, erosion control is a source control measure and silt fences and fiber rolls around the perimeter of the disrupted area is a treatment control measure. The use of a combination of erosion and sediment control measures are required to meet the MEP standard.
If your project disturbs one acre or more of land, you need to apply for coverage under the State Water Resources Control Board’s (SWRCB) National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) General Permit for Stormwater Associated with Construction Activity. The SWRCB also issues separate NPDES permits for some types of dewatering activities as well as linear construction projects, such as trenching for utilities. Refer to the SWRCB’s Stormwater Construction website for more information on NPDES permit requirements.
No. The SWRCB only looks at SWPPPs during inspections.
No. They are two separate drainage systems. Wastewater from homes, industry, etc., travels through the sewer system where it is treated at sewage treatment plants before reuse or discharge into the Napa River. Runoff from streets, parking lots, yards., etc., enters the storm drain system, receives no treatment and flows directly to creeks and other waterways.
Trash, sediment (from erosion and construction sites, for example), landscape runoff containing fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides, pet waste, construction debris, leaves and grass clippings, motor oil, antifreeze and paint products that people spill onto the ground or pour into a storm drain are but a few of the pollutants routinely found in the storm drain system.
An illicit discharge is any discharge to a stormwater conveyance system (e.g., street, storm drain, ditch, etc.) that is not free of pollutants to the maximum extent practicable. Maximum extent practicable is a standard that relies on source control as the primary defense to prevent pollution. Additional treatment control measures may be required to prevent illicit discharges. Please refer to your local stormwater ordinance for more information on the legal requirements concerning stormwater.
Source control measures prevent stormwater from becoming contaminated with pollutants, whereas treatment control measures attempt to remove pollutants from stormwater that has already become contaminated. Source control measures are ALWAYS the most effective means to protect water quality. Examples of source control measures include pre-sweeping paved surfaces before power washing, avoiding the use of copper in pools and fountains and using straw mulch to prevent erosion. Treatment control measures include wastewater filtration systems and silt fences.
Each entity has passed ordinances that make it illegal to dump or discharge trash, debris, chemicals, contaminated water or any other liquid or solid material into the storm drain system. Violators are now subject to stiff fines and criminal prosecution. Illegal dumping and illicit discharges may be reported to the local Stormwater Hotline for investigation and enforcement.
No, but professional car washes are better alternative for the environment. Not only do professional car washes recycle their water (important even when we aren't in a drought) but the soap, metals and dirt washed off the vehicle aren't washed into the storm drain as they would be if you wash in your driveway or on the street. If you must wash your car at home, park it on the grass where the soapy water can absorb into the ground. A little soap won't hurt your grass but if it enters a storm drain, it will flow untreated into the nearest creek or river where it degrades water quality and harms aquatic organisms.
Grass, leaves, and yard clippings that are repeatedly swept into catch basins can clog the drain, causing flooding and the potential for becoming a breeding ground for rodents and insects. Additionally, grass and leaves will decompose in a creek or wetland and deprives fish of their oxygen. In many cases, the fish and other aquatic organisms may die from a lack of oxygen.
The District undertakes preventative measures throughout the County to reduce the risk of flood damage to property and loss of life. This includes regular maintenance of stream channels in urban reaches of the County to maintain flow conveyance as well as the monitoring and operation of the Napa River Flood Protection Project during forecast high water events. Flood District staff monitors flood control facilities and the County stream and precipitation gage network during severe weather events to provide information to emergency personnel about flooding potential. In a flood event, City and County emergency services coordinate flood response activities and are the primary sources for flood related information and support.
The Napa County Office of Emergency Services as well as City of Napa both provide useful information on their websites about what you can do to be prepared for a flood. You may wish to review the City of Napa's Citizen's Guide to Flooding and Flood Recovery (PDF). In addition, the Flood Control District can help address certain flood hazards such as trees that have fallen into the stream channel. Report large downed trees and other significant flood hazards located in creeks and drainage channels to the Napa Flood Control District, (707) 259- 8600.
Use the Napa County GIS public map viewer to search for your address or parcel. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) flood zones are represented as layers that can be toggled on and off. Remember that flooding also occurs in areas outside designated FEMA flood zones (for example roadway flooding) and conditions can change rapidly. Never attempt to drive through standing water on a road; the National Weather Service advises to "Turn Around, Don’t Drown".
Check the City and County websites for updates to see if there is an active flood advisory. For current precipitation, river and stream level monitoring data from a network of automated gage sites throughout Napa County visit the County's monitoring website.
LBRID is a community surface water system sourced from Putah Creek. Raw water from the creek is treated and disinfected at the water treatment plant, and then pumped into the distribution system where it flows to your tap.
The District’s water system is regulated by the State of California Division of Drinking Water and the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). In order to operate, the LBRID system must adhere to the conditions outlined in the permit to operate issued by the state.
There can be many sources of contamination of water systems. The most common sources of contaminants include:
EPA and the State regulates many contaminants that pose known human health risks. Testing of both raw source water and treated drinking water determines if any contaminants are present and to what extent the water system must treat water to ensure those contaminants are removed after treatment.
Different water filters have different functions. Some can make your water taste better, while others can remove harmful chemicals or germs. Visit CDC’s filter page to learn more about home water filters.
When water quality standards have not been met, your public water system must alert and notify customers if there is a risk to their health. Your annual consumer confidence report (CCR) is another way to find out about the water quality in your area, and find information regarding contaminants, possible health effects, and the water’s source.
Every community water supplier must provide an annual Consumer Confidence Report (CCR) to its customers.. The report provides information on your local drinking water quality, including the water’s source, contaminants found in the water, and how consumers can get involved in protecting drinking water. Six (6) years of CCRs for your system are posted here; most CCR’s for prior years are available upon request – [email protected]
Frequency of drinking water testing depends on the number of people served, the type of water source, and types of contaminants. You can find out about levels of regulated contaminants in your treated water for the previous calendar year in your annual consumer confidence report (CCR).
If you are concerned about contaminants in the LBRID water system, contact your state drinking water certification officer to obtain a list of certified labs that can help you determine what specific tests may be of interest. Depending on how many contaminants you wish to test for, the cost of a water test can range from $15 to hundreds of dollars. Visit EPA’s Safe Drinking Water Information website if you have questions external icon on testing methods.
A change in your water’s taste, color, or smell is not necessarily a health concern. However, sometimes a change can be a sign of problems. If you notice a change in your water, call the LBRID main office at 707-259-8600 (M-F 8 am – 5pm), or the operations team at 916-584-1893, at any time.
If you want to test your water yourself, the County Environmental Health department (707-253-4417) or State Division of Drinking Water (916-341-5455) may be able to assist in explaining any tests that you need for various contaminants. If your local health department is not able to help, contact a state certified laboratory to perform the test.
The Lake Berryessa Resort Improvement District (LBRID) maintains all public sewer mains, and lower laterals within its service area (PDF) which includes Unit 2 of the Berryessa Estates subdivision. This includes ~35,000 ft of sewer mainline that is located both within public streets and easements dedicated for LBRID’s use.
Each residential building has a separate connection to the public sewer main line which is called a sewer lateral. Each sewer lateral has two components:
It is the property owner’s responsibility to maintain and repair the upper sewer lateral from the house to the property line cleanout. LBRID maintains the lower sewer lateral and main line. The cleanout is typically located behind the property line and is the connection point between the upper and lower lateral. This cleanout is designed to go one direction (downstream) and cannot be used by homeowners or plumbers to clean the upper lateral. The cap on most cleanouts are designed to fit loosely, allowing it to come off in the event of a backup in the lower lateral or sewer main.
When a sewer backup or other problem occurs, call the LBRID main office at 707-259-8600 (M-F 8 am – 5pm), or the operations team at 916-584-1893, at any time, and a member of the LBRID operations staff will come out and inspect the public sewer main and lower lateral, free of charge. In many cases it will not be obvious whether the property owner or LBRID is responsible for the problem. If the problem is in the District’s lower lateral, we’ll repair the problem as soon as possible. If the District’s sewer line is clear, the property owner will be informed that the blockage is likely in the upper sewer lateral. In this case, the property owner is responsible for maintenance or repair and may still need to call a plumber.
If this problem occurs, stop using water immediately. If you are not using your household water outlets, there may be a problem in the public sewer main. Call the District main office at 707-259-8600 (M-F 8 am – 5pm), or the operations team at 916-584-1893 at any time to request service. If the problem is found on the customer’s side of the service, a plumber will need to be dispatched by the customer.
Overflow devices (clean-outs) are usually located at the property line and near the building. There is a 4-inch cap on top of the vertical pipe that should be left on loosely. The purpose of the clean-out is to allow sewage from a plugged sewer line to overflow outside instead of inside the building, as well as provide access for cleaning. If sewage is flowing from a clean-out, call the District main office at 707-259-8600 (M-F 8 am – 5pm), or the operations team at 916-584-1893 at any time to request service.
Manhole structures are usually located in the middle of the street and also provide access for cleaning and pipe inspection. If sewage is coming up through a manhole, call the District office at 707-259-8600 (M-F 8 am – 5pm), or the operations team at 916-584-1893 at any time for service.
The first thing to do is to contact the District main office at 707-259-8600 (M-F 8 am – 5pm), or the operations team at 916-584-1893 at any time to request service. An LBRID crewmember will come to your house to determine if the problem is the responsibility of LBRID or the property owner. If the problem is in our line, we’ll take care of it. If LBRID operators discover that the problem is in the property owner’s lateral sewer line or plumbing fixtures, you may need to make repairs yourself or call a plumber.
Sometimes, but you will need to complete a claim form (PDF) and submit as directed to be considered. This is why we encourage homeowners to contact LBRID first when a sewer problem occurs. LBRID operators can typically determine who is responsible for the maintenance or repair prior to repairs being made. If the problem is in LBRID’s portion of the sewer, we’ll repair it. However, if the problem is in the property owner’s portion of the sewer line, a plumber may still be necessary. Call us first!
If the sewer problem is found to be in the upper lateral portion (between the building and cleanout at the property line), the property owner is responsible for repair and can hire a plumbing contractor or make the repairs themselves. Contractors are listed in the yellow pages of the phone book under "Plumbing Drain and Sewer Cleaning" or "Sewer Contractors." If you plan to hire a contractor, we recommend getting estimates from more than one company.
Call the District at 707-258-6000 to request records. Include the area(s) you wish more information on, and District staff will get back to you with additional information.
Occasionally, there may be a separation between the base and the cover of the manhole or rodding inlet, causing the cover to rattle when a vehicle drives over it. To report a rattling manhole or rodding inlet cover, call the District at 707-259-8600 (M-F 8 am – 5pm), or the operations team at 916-584-1893 at any time to request service.
First, try to determine where the odor is coming from; inside the home or outside in the street. If an odor is coming from inside the home, there may be a problem with the internal plumbing system. Check your internal system first, such as ensuring that all of your p-trap drains have water in them, or call a plumbing company. If the problem exists outdoors, call the District at 707-259-8600 (M-F 8 am – 5pm), or the operations team at 916-584-1893 at any time.
Paint should not go down the drain. Neither should solvents, pesticides, automotive fluids including oil, or any of a range of potentially toxic products. These products can all be disposed of at the Hazardous Waste Collection Facility in Napa. Other disposal options may also exist with your garbage service provider.
LBRID does not have programs available to assist low-income households.
To connect to the LBRID sewer system, your property must be within LBRID’s service area, and pay all fees and connection charges. Additional information about the connections process can be found here. Please contact the District office at 707-259-8600 (M-F 8 am – 5pm), or email questions to [email protected]
If you would like a tour of the LBRID wastewater facility, please give us a call at 707-259-8600.
Even advanced wastewater treatment processes can’t remove medications/pharmaceuticals from wastewater. Traces of medications that pass through the treatment plant can harm aquatic organisms and potentially affect groundwater sources or people. To reduce the threat of medications in the environment, dispose of them at a collection facility. The following is listing of medication drop-off locations in Napa County – please call in advance to confirm drop-off capabilities and hours:
For drop-off of non-controlled substances and medications only:
For drop-off of narcotics and other controlled substances and medications (and non-controlled substances/medications):
NBRID is a community surface water system sourced from Putah Creek. Raw water from the creek is treated and disinfected at the water treatment plant, and then pumped into the distribution system where it flows to your tap.
The District’s water system is regulated by the State of California Division of Drinking Water and the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). In order to operate, the NBRID system must adhere to the conditions outlined in the permit to operate issued by the state.
If you are concerned about contaminants in the NBRID water system, contact your state drinking water certification officer to obtain a list of certified labs that can help you determine what specific tests may be of interest. Depending on how many contaminants you wish to test for, the cost of a water test can range from $15 to hundreds of dollars. Visit EPA’s Safe Drinking Water Information website if you have questions external icon on testing methods.
A change in your water’s taste, color, or smell is not necessarily a health concern. However, sometimes a change can be a sign of problems. If you notice a change in your water, call the NBRID main office at 707-259-8600 (M-F 8 am – 5pm), or the operations team at 916-584-1893, at any time.
If you want to test your water yourself, the County Environmental Health department (707-253-4417) or State Division of Drinking Water (916-341-5455) may be able to assist in explaining any tests that you need for various contaminants. If your local health department is not able to help, contact a state certified laboratory to perform the test.
The Napa Berryessa Resort Improvement District (NBRID) maintains all public sewer mains, and lower laterals within its service area (PDF) which includes Unit 1 and Unit 2 of the Berryessa Highlands subdivision, as well as the 10 parcel subdivision Oakridge Berryessa Estates. This includes ~29,000 ft. of sewer mainline that is located both within public streets and easements dedicated for NBRID’s use.
It is the property owner’s responsibility to maintain and repair the upper sewer lateral from the house to the property line cleanout. NBRID maintains the lower sewer lateral and main line. The cleanout is typically located behind the property line and is the connection point between the upper and lower lateral. This cleanout is designed to go one direction (downstream) and cannot be used by homeowners or plumbers to clean the upper lateral. The cap on most cleanouts are designed to fit loosely, allowing it to come off in the event of a backup in the lower lateral or sewer main.
When a sewer backup or other problem occurs, call the NBRID main office at 707-259-8600 (M-F 8 am – 5pm), or the operations team at 916-584-1893, at any time, and a member of the NBRID operations staff will come out and inspect the public sewer main and lower lateral, free of charge. In many cases it will not be obvious whether the property owner or NBRID is responsible for the problem. If the problem is in the District’s lower lateral, we’ll repair the problem as soon as possible. If the District’s sewer line is clear, the property owner will be informed that the blockage is likely in the upper sewer lateral. In this case, the property owner is responsible for maintenance or repair and may still need to call a plumber.
Overflow devices (clean-outs) are usually located at the property line and near the building. There is a 4-inch cap on top of the vertical pipe that should be left on loosely. The purpose of the clean-out is to allow sewage from a plugged sewer line to overflow outside instead of inside the building, as well as provide access for cleaning. If sewage is flowing from a clean-out, call the District main office at 707-259-8600 (M-F 8 am – 5pm), or the operations team at 916-584-1893 at any time to request service.
The first thing to do is to contact the District main office at 707-259-8600 (M-F 8 am – 5pm), or the operations team at 916-584-1893 at any time to request service. An NBRID crewmember will come to your house to determine if the problem is the responsibility of NBRID or the property owner. If the problem is in our line, we’ll take care of it. If NBRID operators discover that the problem is in the property owner’s lateral sewer line or plumbing fixtures, you may need to make repairs yourself or call a plumber.
Sometimes, but you will need to complete a claim form (PDF) and submit as directed to be considered. This is why we encourage homeowners to contact NBRID first when a sewer problem occurs. NBRID operators can typically determine who is responsible for the maintenance or repair prior to repairs being made. If the problem is in NBRID’s portion of the sewer, we’ll repair it. However, if the problem is in the property owner’s portion of the sewer line, a plumber may still be necessary. Call us first!
NBRID does not have programs available to assist low-income households.
To connect to the NBRID sewer system, your property must be within NBRID’s service area, and pay all fees and connection charges. Additional information about the connections process can be found here. Please contact the District office at 707-259-8600 (M-F 8 am – 5pm), or email questions to [email protected]
If you would like a tour of the NBRID wastewater facility, please give us a call at 707-259-8600.
1127 1st Street, Ste. A, Napa, CA 94559.
Monday - Friday
8 a.m. - 3 p.m.
8 a.m. - 3:30 p.m.
8 a.m. - 4:45 p.m.
8 a.m. - 5 p.m.
We record documents between 8 a.m. and 3 p.m. every day, excluding legal holidays. We are open during the lunch hour for recording. We will accept documents after 3 p.m. and hold them to record the next day if the document meets recording requirements and payment for the recording fees is left with the document.
No, please contact the Napa County Superior Court at 707-299-1130.
You must obtain the marriage license prior to the ceremony. The license is valid for 90 days beginning the day it is issued.
You will appear together in person with photo identification to complete an application that is used as a worksheet to issue the marriage license. You will be providing personal information that includes your parents’ full and maiden names with their states of birth. If applicable, you will need to provide the date that the most recent marriage ended.
A public marriage license is a public record. It is valid for a ceremony throughout the state. At least one witness is required and there is a $83 purchase fee. A confidential marriage license is not available for public inspection. It is valid for a ceremony in California. No witnesses are required. The applicants must sign a statement stating that they have been living together as spouses. There is a $95 purchase fee. Note: Family Code §511 states that the Clerk may disclose the fact that there is a record on file but further information is available only upon presentation of a Court Order.
Applicants must be unmarried, over the age of 18 and appear together in person.
Our office will provide a witness for an additional $35.00 fee.
There is no waiting period and no residency requirements to be married in California.
No. The blood test requirement was eliminated in January 1995.
Yes, by appointment, for a $51 fee. Appointments are scheduled Monday through Friday, excluding legal holidays. We perform ceremonies any time between 8:30 and 11:30 a.m. and 2 to 3:30 p.m.
No. You may arrive 30 to 45 minutes in advance of your ceremony appointment in order to complete the paperwork necessary for purchasing your marriage license.
In California, persons authorized include:
Note: Ship’s captains do not have authority to solemnize California marriages unless they are also authorized.
Yes, as ex-officio Commissioner of Civil Marriages, the County Clerk may appoint individuals as Deputy Commissioners of civil marriages for a single ceremony for which they cannot receive any compensation or gratuity.
The person must be at least 18 years of age and appear in person at the County Clerk’s office prior to the ceremony date to take an Oath of Office. There is a fee of $63 and the applicant will provide their own full name, address and telephone number, the specific date and location of the wedding ceremony, the couple's names, and whether the couple purchased a public or confidential marriage license. The Clerk’s office will provide a sample civil ceremony and instruction.
If the change is due to a marriage you will need to present a certified copy of your marriage certificate to Social Security Administration and the Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV). Any other type of name change is handled through the Superior Court and you may inquire at 707-299-1130.
If either party is under the age of 18, an interview must be scheduled with Superior Court. Contact Family Court Services at 707-299-1240. A certified copy of the Court Order granting permission to marry must be provided to the County Clerk to purchase a marriage license.
No, please contact your local City Hall:
Please contact the Napa County Superior Court at 707-299-1130.
No, this office administers and holds records of Notary Public oaths but no staff is a Notary Public. Please look in the yellow pages of your local telephone book under Notaries Public.
No, please contact the Post Office located at:1625 Trancas StreetNapa, CA 94558Phone: 707-257-7041
You may contact the Secretary of State’s office at 916-653-6814, ext. 4 or visit the Secretary of State's website.
The Napa County Recorder-County Clerk’s office remains open during the lunch hour.
SGMA explicitly exempts Groundwater Sustainability Plans from evaluation under the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA). However, GSAs will need to evaluate and mitigate any environmental impacts from any projects or management actions that they determine are required for sustainable groundwater management.
See our Transferring Records page for this information.
Access to criminal history summary records maintained by the California Department of Justice is restricted by law to legitimate law enforcement purposes and authorized Applicant Agencies. Individuals have the right to request a copy of their own criminal history record from the department to review for accuracy and completeness. Requests from third parties are not authorized and will not be processed by the department.
Napa County Groundwater Sustainability Agency (GSA) staff are using surveys as an important tool to gather ideas and feedback from Groundwater Sustainability Plan Advisory Committee (GSPAC) members and the public on key issues and draft sections of the Groundwater Sustainability Plan (GSP). The GSP development process is an iterative one, where groundwater sustainability issues and draft GSP sections are presented, discussed, and refined over time. Survey feedback will help the GSA build a stronger draft GSP that will be presented for public comment in Fall 2021. In addition, surveys are intended to gather broad input from GSPAC members and the public on issues to be addressed in the GSP and capture community interests and concerns about groundwater planning and sustainability. While each survey will be focused on specific draft sections of the GSP, the surveys enable respondents to share additional comments, interests, concerns, or questions regarding the GSP.
On a regular basis, survey results will be compiled, presented at the GSPAC meetings, and posted online. GSP sections will be revised to integrate survey feedback as appropriate.
The Sustainable Groundwater Management Act (SGMA) defines sustainable groundwater management as managing and using groundwater without causing undesirable results such as: chronic groundwater level declines, groundwater storage reductions, seawater intrusion, water quality degradation, land subsidence, and surface water depletions. SGMA requires that groundwater basins classified as either medium or high priority by the California Department of Water Resources achieve sustainable groundwater management within 20 years of adopting a Groundwater Sustainability Plan.
SGMA defines undesirable results as “one or more of the following effects caused by groundwater conditions occurring throughout the basin:
Chronic lowering of groundwater levels indicating a significant and unreasonable depletion of supply if continued over the planning and implementation horizon. Overdraft during a period of drought is not sufficient to establish a chronic lowering of groundwater levels if extractions and groundwater recharge are managed as necessary to ensure that reductions in groundwater levels or storage during a period of drought are offset by increases in groundwater levels or storage during other periods.
GSPs must address undesirable results and undertake management actions to ensure that they are avoided within 20 years of GSP adoption.
As part of SGMA, DWR recognizes 5 groundwater basins and subbasins in Napa County. Here is the list of the basins and subbasins, along with the priority that DWR gave to each basin:
High and medium priority basins are subject to a variety of rules and regulations under SGMA. Low and very low priority basins are not required to take any action at this time. Learn more about requirements for each priority level here.
Napa Valley Subbasin is categorized by DWR as one of 46 high priority groundwater basins statewide. Medium and high priority basins are subject to the Sustainable Groundwater Management Act (SGMA) requirements. The Department of Water Resources (DWR) prioritized all basins in the state according to the following criteria:
The Napa Valley Subbasin is categorized as high priority primarily due to the amount of irrigated lands, the density of wells, projected population growth, and the degree to which people rely on groundwater in the Subbasin.
DWR’s basin prioritization process is not a determination of whether groundwater basins are being managed sustainably. Rather, it is a way for DWR to determine the reliance on groundwater in individual basins across California and whether those basins should be subject to the requirements of SGMA.
Bid4Assets is handling the bidder registration process for this sale and complete instructions are available at their website. Napa County requires each bidder to submit, to Bid4Assets, a deposit of $5,000, plus a $35 processing fee, to register for the sale. Bidders are advised to arrange for their deposits early to make sure they are eligible to bid. The Tax Collector's Office will not be registering bidders nor accepting bids. All questions will be directed to Bid4Assets at 877-427-7387.
All parcels are assigned an Auction Identification number. Bidding starts at the minimum bid amount (the amount required to pay off the defaulted taxes and costs) and will increase in increments of at least $100 until the close of the auction. The auction starts at 8 a.m. (PT) on the beginning date, and closes at the stated time for each parcel on the ending date. For a more detailed explanation of the bidding process, log on to their website, click on "For Buyers" at the top of the home page, then click on "How to Bid." You may also bid by fax if you do not have access to the internet. More information and instructions are available by calling Bid4assets customer service at 877-427-7387.
Successful bidders must pay by cashier's check, wire transfer or electronic funds transfer, and payment must be received by 1 p.m. PT, three (3) business days after a subsequent sale closes. In addition to the purchase price, the documentary transfer tax ($0.55 per $500 of the purchase price) is required.
Only a successful bidder has the opportunity to purchase County assets. If the successful bidder defaults, under California State Law, the County cannot resort to the second highest bidder, and will be required to take appropriate legal action against the bidder who defaults. For more information, contact us at 707-253-4314.
No. Legal title to a tax-defaulted property subject to the Tax Collector's power to sell can be obtained only by becoming the successful bidder at the tax auction. Napa County does not sell tax lien certificates at this time. For more information, contact us at 707-253-4314.
While we try to give all possible assistance in helping prospective purchasers to pinpoint a property location, vacant land usually has no street (situs) address. Its approximate geographic location can be determined through the use of county Assessor plat maps and perhaps, a map book. Exact boundary lines of a property can be determined only by a survey of the property initiated at the purchaser's expense. Improved properties frequently (but not always) will bear a situs (street) address. The Assessor's plat maps may be downloaded from the auction website. For more information, contact us at 707-253-4314.
The right to pay the taxes in full to avoid the sale of the property ceases at the close of business, 5 p.m., on the last business day prior to the sale. For more information, contact us at 707-253-4314.
No expressed or implied warranty is given with respect to the parcels, and they are sold on an "as is" basis. Bidders are responsible for knowing what they are purchasing. Consult the zoning department of any city within which a property lies or the zoning section of the county Permit and Resource Management Department for parcels located in the unincorporated areas (i.e. not lying within a city boundary) regarding use of the parcel. Examine the county records for any recorded easements on a property. You can also order a title search report from a local title insurance company. For more information, contact us at 707-253-4314.
The successful bidder may generally take possession after making payment in full, complying with any conditions set forth between the tax collector and the successful bidder, and after the tax deed to purchase the property has been recorded. Successful purchasers should contact their attorney for information regarding possession. Most title companies will not insure title on properties sold at public auction for at least one (1) year after the tax deed has been recorded. Legal action to challenge a tax sale must be commenced within one (1) year of the tax recording date. For more information, contact us at 707-253-4314.
Chapter 7, Section 3712 of the California Revenue and Taxation Code States: The deed conveys title to the purchaser free of all encumbrances of any kind existing before the sale, except:
A title search initiated at the prospective purchaser’s expense should reveal any liens or encumbrances on a property in the tax sale. For more information, contact us at 707-253-4314.
State law dictates that the minimum price for a tax-defaulted parcel offered at a public auction for the first time shall be no less than the total amount necessary to redeem plus costs. The minimum bid on a parcel may be set at a greater amount at the Tax Collector's discretion. For more information, contact us at 707-253-4314.
Yes. State law dictates that notice of a tax sale must be published once a week for three successive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation. A list of available properties will be published in the Napa Valley Register three times, once weekly. For more information, contact us at 707-253-4314.
No, the county does not handle the foreclosure or the eviction process. The property is sold "as is" and buyers assume all ownership responsibilities. For more information, contact us at 707-253-4314.
Most title companies will not insure title for one year after the recording of the tax deed. Quiet Title action may be needed. For more information, contact us at 707-253-4314.
Generally, Sections 177 and 3725 et sequentes of the California Revenue and Taxation Code limit the time to commence an action to one year from the recording of the tax deed. For more information, contact us at 707-253-4314.
Be sure you want the property before you bid. All sales are final and there are absolutely no refunds. If you default, under California State Law, the county cannot resort to the second highest bidder and will be required to take legal action against you. Failure to consummate the sale within the specified time shall result in the forfeiture of any deposit made and all rights that the purchaser may have had with respect to the property. Failure to consummate the sale will also bar the bidder from participating in future tax sales for five years in Napa County. For more information, contact us at 707-253-4314.